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Vermonters in the Civil War

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Collection Overview

Vermont soldiers in the Civil War wrote an enormous quantity of letters and diaries, of which many thousands have survived in libraries, historical societies, and in private hands. This collection represents a selection of letters and diaries from the University of Vermont and the Vermont Historical Society.

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Time Period Covered: January 1, 1861 - February 28, 1864 


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Browsing by:    Author: ("Gale, Justus F., 1837-1863") remove term  Topic: ("United StatesArmy Military life") remove term

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Title:   Justus E. Gale to Father

Creator:  Gale, Justus F., 1837-1863

Date:  1862-03-28

Resource type:   correspondence

Two letters one dated March 28th and one April 6th.Topics include a description of the journey to Ship Island, Mississippi, being seasick, about the food and hard bread, poor quality water and little of it, writes of his faith in God and his sighting of the island.

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    Title:   Justus E. Gale to Father

    Creator:  Gale, Justus F., 1837-1863

    Date:  1862-03-04

    Resource type:   correspondence

    Writing to his father from Brattleboro topics include the duties of an orderly for a Colonel, the improved health of Justus Gale, and the expected journey to New York.

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      Title:   Justus E. Gale to Sister and Mother

      Creator:  Gale, Justus F., 1837-1863

      Date:  1862-11-25

      Resource type:   correspondence

      Topics include a summary of the health of Justus Gale’s family, makes references to his faith, the movement of the regiment to Brashear City, a scene in camp as soldiers go about various activities, and the warm weather.

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        Title:   Justus F. Gale to Brother

        Creator:  Gale, Justus F., 1837-1863

        Date:  1862-04-05

        Resource type:   correspondence

        Two letters, dated April 5th and 6th he writes from aboard the Ship Wallace heading for Ship Island. Mentions the "sugar place" back home in Elmore, Vt. Topics also include making a little bit of money buying and selling tobacco, the displeasure at having to remain on the ship, and the capture of two rebel steamers up the Mississippi River.

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          Title:   Justus F. Gale to Brother

          Creator:  Gale, Justus F., 1837-1863

          Date:  1862-01-24

          Resource type:   correspondence

          Two letters in one dated Jan 24th and Jan 26th. Topics include the expectation that the war will end in a couple of months, waiting for military pay, anxious to hear from home, Sergeant U. A. Woodbury drilling the company, the stormy weather at camp, the bad food being served except for good bread from a local bakery, the good health of Gale and of him sending a picture in this letter.

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            Title:   Justus F. Gale to Brother

            Creator:  Gale, Justus F., 1837-1863

            Date:  1862-02-07

            Resource type:   correspondence

            Writing from Brattleboro, Vermont, topics include news of bombardment of Fort Henry on the Tennessee River (February 6, 1862) by Commodore Andrew Hull Foote (officer of the U.S. Navy) and General Ulysses S. Grant, a skirmish that resulted in finding a barrel of rum, food sometimes good but not the hash made in camp and the vaccination of the company for pox.

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              Title:   Justus F. Gale to Brother

              Creator:  Gale, Justus F., 1837-1863

              Date:  1862-02-27

              Resource type:   correspondence

              Writing to his brother from Brattleboro topics include Justus Gale’s journey and arrival back at Camp Holbrook after having gone home to Elmore, Vermont for a visit, the expectation of receiving pay, and the possibility of leaving for Ship Island, Mississippi soon.

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                Title:   Justus F. Gale to Brother

                Creator:  Gale, Justus F., 1837-1863

                Date:  1862-07-04

                Resource type:   correspondence

                Topics include the 4th of July celebrations, guard duty of a bridge, diarrhea, accidental gun firing injuring a fellow soldier's hand, plenty of water but it is muddy river water, fresh local fruit and corn, and a brief account of Ship Island including mentioning how "black" the men were (either referring to being unclean or to mood).

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                  Title:   Justus F. Gale to Family

                  Creator:  Gale, Justus F., 1837-1863

                  Date:  1861-12-23

                  Resource type:   correspondence

                  Topics include the journey from Hyde Park, Stowe, Montpelier, the company's Sunday Church experience, reference to various names of friends and family, anticipated destination Ship Island near the mouth of the Mississippi River.

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                    Title:   Justus F. Gale to Family

                    Creator:  Gale, Justus F., 1837-1863

                    Date:  1861-12-27

                    Resource type:   correspondence

                    Writes from Brattleboro of the journey from Montpelier to Brattleboro, unit called Co. A, of other troops coming in, anticipates the regiment to be full in a few days, comfortable quarters, good food, Gov. Holbrook visited.

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                      Title:   Justus F. Gale to Father

                      Creator:  Gale, Justus F., 1837-1863

                      Date:  1862-07-10

                      Resource type:   correspondence

                      Topics include the medicating himself after seeing the doctor twice to rid his diarrhea, taking of Richmond and rebel prisoners, the weather in Algiers, high price of provisions, inquires about family and the plan to go visit friends 4 miles away.

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                        Title:   Justus F. Gale to Mother

                        Creator:  Gale, Justus F., 1837-1863

                        Date:  1862-04-06

                        Resource type:   correspondence

                        Two letters dated April 4th and 6th. Writing after arriving at Ship Island, Mississippi topics include observing the Sabbath,his devotion for the Bible, arriving on shore, digging and finding plenty of fresh water, being treated with food from the Mass. 30th, thinking war may be over before he gets a chance to fight and the expectation of capturing New Orleans.

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                          Title:   Justus F. Gale to Sister

                          Creator:  Gale, Justus F., 1837-1863

                          Date:  1862-01-11

                          Resource type:   correspondence

                          Topics include the snow at Camp Holbrook, St. Albans, the living arrangements, the 25 men sick with the measles, and the move to Ship Island in 2 or 3 weeks.

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                            Title:   Justus F. Gale to Sister

                            Creator:  Gale, Justus F., 1837-1863

                            Date:  1862-01-30

                            Resource type:   correspondence

                            Topics include remaining at Camp Holbrook in Vermont for 4 weeks, grateful to hear from home, food not very good, a rumor of getting paid, and the visitors who watch dress parade.

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                              Title:   Justus F. Gale to Sister

                              Creator:  Gale, Justus F., 1837-1863

                              Date:  1862-02-09

                              Resource type:   correspondence

                              Topics include observing the Sabbath in camp by reading the Bible, a description of dress parade, gives his enlistment date at Sept 23, 1861, anticipates military pay of $20 a month from the date of enlistment and mentions again the bombardment of Fort Henry on the Tennessee River by Commodore A H Foote and General Grant.

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                                Title:   Justus F. Gale to Sister

                                Creator:  Gale, Justus F., 1837-1863

                                Date:  1862-06-14

                                Resource type:   correspondence

                                Topics include the movement of the company from Algiers to Lafourche, a description of the living situation at Algiers, the good food at camp including fresh fruit berries, water quality not good.

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                                  Title:   Justus F. Gale to Sister

                                  Creator:  Gale, Justus F., 1837-1863

                                  Date:  1862-04-21

                                  Resource type:   correspondence

                                  Topics include the improvement in Justus Gale's health, the cost of food items in camp, the death of three men in the regiment, the attempted suicide of a man in Company F, mentions "sugar place" back home in Elmore and writes about the lack of information in camp about the rest of the Union Army.

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                                    Title:   Justus F. Gale to [Family]

                                    Creator:  Gale, Justus F., 1837-1863

                                    Date:  1862-02-19

                                    Resource type:   correspondence

                                    Writing from Brattleboro topics include drilling, a few companies being sworn into the United States service, Justus Gale’s health improving from a brief cold, mentions "rag" hash soup, boiled beef & potatoes, news of family members and the snow at camp.

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