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Vermonters in the Civil War

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Collection Overview

Vermont soldiers in the Civil War wrote an enormous quantity of letters and diaries, of which many thousands have survived in libraries, historical societies, and in private hands. This collection represents a selection of letters and diaries from the University of Vermont and the Vermont Historical Society.

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Time Period Covered: January 1, 1861 - February 28, 1864 


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Browsing by:    Recipient: ("Henry, William Wirt, ") remove term

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Title:   Charles C. Canning to William Wirt Henry

Creator:  Canning, Charles C., b. 1828

Date:  1862-05-26

Resource type:   correspondence

Topics include the defeat of General Banks (Battle of Winchester, May 25) , the promotion of Lt. Col. Stannard, and the request to William Henry to raise a company so that Charles Canning may become a captain. Canning mentions orders from McClellan to prepare for "a bloody battle," but major fighting doesn't ensue until May 31st (Battle of Seven Pines, May 31), when Confederates take advantage of Union positions on the south side of the Chickahominy River.

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    Title:   Charles C. Canning to William Wirt Henry

    Creator:  Canning, Charles C., b. 1828

    Date:  1862-07-18

    Resource type:   correspondence

    Topics include the movement of the regiment to Harrison's Landing, the extensive loss in the 5th Vermont Regiment (Battle of Savage's Station, June 29, 1862), the arrest of Captain Eaton, and a request for a few goods from home.

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      Title:   Charles C. Gregg to William Wirt Henry

      Creator:  Gregg, Charles C., 1832-1910

      Date:  1862-05-28

      Resource type:   correspondence

      Topics include the expectation of a "big old fight" near Richmond (Battle of Seven Pines or Fair Oaks, ended June 1st, 1862), and the report of a fight led by "Porter and Stonman" (Fitz John Porter and George Stoneman, both Union officers) against 17,000 rebels (actual number: 4,500). This was the Battle of Hanover Court House, 18 miles north of Richmond, on May 27th, 1862. Mentions the appointment of Col. George J. Stannard to lead the Vt. 9th Regiment.

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        Title:   Charles H. Joyce to William Wirt Henry

        Creator:  Joyce, Charles H., 1830-1916

        Date:  1862-08-13

        Resource type:   correspondence

        Topics include C.H. Joyce's hope of being put in charge of the 11th regiment and anticipation of the camp moving. This would be the evacuation of Harrison's Landing, where McClellan had kept his Army of the Potomac for several weeks. Joyce refers to "old W." (Wash. DC?) and "Gov. H.," Frederick Holbrook, influential governor of Vt., 1861-1863. Also: Battle of Savage's Station, June 29, 1862, where Joyce performed well.

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          Title:   Edward Murphy to William Wirt Henry

          Creator:  Murphy, Edward

          Date:  1862-07-21

          Resource type:   correspondence

          Writing from camp at Westover Landing, Virginia topics include trying to convince William Henry to come join Company D in the 2nd Regiment, mentions officers resigning and hopes to take Richmond by the end of the summer.

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            Title:   Ira A. Marshall to William Wirt Henry

            Creator:  Marshall, Ira A., d. 1893

            Date:  1862-05-13

            Resource type:   correspondence

            Topics include recent battles in Yorktown and Williamsburg, which had significant casualties; the destruction of the C.S.S. Merrimack off the coast of Norfolk, Va., now under Union occupation. McClellan will likely send Vt. troops home once Richmond is taken. Ill soldier Tilton Sleeper mentioned again.

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              Title:   Ira A. Marshall to William Wirt Henry

              Creator:  Marshall, Ira A., d. 1893

              Date:  1862-06-08

              Resource type:   correspondence

              Topics include camping at Harrison's Landing, Virginia on the James River, makes reference to regiments and companies losing men, the names of men wounded and their injuries in Company D, makes reference to a battle (maybe Battle of Seven Pines [Fair Oaks]??), several officers resigning, the high cost of food, and the slight sickness of Ira Marshall.

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                Title:   Quincy F. Thurston to William Wirt Henry

                Creator:  Thurston, Quincy F., d. 1862

                Date:  1862-06-07

                Resource type:   correspondence

                Topics include an account of the battle near Richmond (maybe the Battle of Seven Pines [Fair Oaks]??), makes mention of marching, the evacuation of Yorktown, the battle of Williamsburgh, a stay at the White House and advance to the Chickahominy River.

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                  Title:   William Bruidnell and Francis Finnegan to William Wirt Henry

                  Creator:  Bruidnell, William, b. 1842; Finnegan

                  Date:  1862-08-09

                  Resource type:   correspondence

                  Topics include a request for pay amounting to $116 and an update on the leaders of the Vermont Regiment.

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                    Title:   William Bruidnell and Samuel Morey to William Wirt Henry

                    Creator:  Bruidnell, William, b. 1842; Morey

                    Date:  1862-07-19

                    Resource type:   correspondence

                    Topics include a description of the Battle of Mechanicsville (June 26-27, 1862), part of the Seven Days campaign near Richmond.

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                      Title:   William Bruidnell to William Wirt Henry

                      Creator:  Bruidnell, William, b. 1842

                      Date:  1862-05-25

                      Resource type:   correspondence

                      Topics include the good health of everyone except Tilton Sleeper, the hope of taking Richmond from the rebels, and the good weather near Cool Harbor, Virginia.

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