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Vermonters in the Civil War

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Collection Overview

Vermont soldiers in the Civil War wrote an enormous quantity of letters and diaries, of which many thousands have survived in libraries, historical societies, and in private hands. This collection represents a selection of letters and diaries from the University of Vermont and the Vermont Historical Society.

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Time Period Covered: January 1, 1861 - February 28, 1864 


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Browsing by:    Recipient: ("Smith,Clarissa, d. 1891") remove term

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Title:   Henry A. Smith to Clarissa A. Smith

Creator:  Smith, Henry A., d. 1864

Date:  1863-01-09

Resource type:   correspondence

Topics include rebel raids on the pickets, how comfortable their camp is, what he wants in a box his family will be sending him, including a baked chicken and maple sugar. He also mentions his views about the war and whether France will come in on the Confederate side. Mentions CSA Gen. Jeb Stuart and his cavalry raids.

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    Title:   Henry A. Smith to Clarissa A. Smith

    Creator:  Smith, Henry A., d. 1864

    Date:  1863-02-06

    Resource type:   correspondence

    A short letter thanking his mother for the box she sent. Although generally satisfied with the food, he wishes the requested socks had arrived as well. He adds a brief correction: "We do not belong to Burnsides Army but belong to the defences of Washington." Weather in February has been bad, and March will probably be just as bad.

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      Title:   Henry A. Smith to Clarissa A. Smith

      Creator:  Smith, Henry A., d. 1864

      Date:  1863-02-25

      Resource type:   correspondence

      Topics include the weather, the capture of some Confederate officers by a scouting party, his advice to his mother about the farm, and the lack of specie in the area due to the war. Still needs a pair of socks.

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        Title:   Henry A. Smith to Clarissa A. Smith

        Creator:  Smith, Henry A., d. 1864

        Date:  1863-03-16

        Resource type:   correspondence

        Topics include resuming encampment after living indoors for a while. An early March skirmish in Aldie, Va. is mentioned, as is the capture of General E.H. Stoughton in bed, in a daring raid by CSA Capt. John S. Mosby at Fairfax County Court House. Mosby managed to capture dozens of union soldiers, learn the "Countersign," or password, and go wherever he wanted. (The embarrassment ended Stoughton's military career.) Smith mentions his wish for a photograph of his siblings, and his wish for news from home.

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          Title:   Henry A. Smith to Clarissa A. Smith

          Creator:  Smith, Henry A., d. 1864

          Date:  1863-05-17

          Resource type:   correspondence

          Topics include the leafing out of fruit trees, another skirmish with Mosby’s raiders, and his skepticism about news of the war.

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            Title:   Henry A. Smith to Clarissa A. Smith

            Creator:  Smith, Henry A., d. 1864

            Date:  1863-06-02

            Resource type:   correspondence

            Topics include his praise of the work being done at home on the farm by his brothers, a description of Mosby’s attack on the train at Catlett’s Station (May 31st), and his wish that his mother use his money to purchase more pasture land in Royalton.

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              Title:   Henry A. Smith to Clarissa A. Smith

              Creator:  Smith, Henry A., d. 1864

              Date:  1863-06-21

              Resource type:   correspondence

              A short letter informing his mother that the regiment was under marching orders and that he had his picture taken.

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                Title:   Henry A. Smith to Clarissa A. Smith

                Creator:  Smith, Henry A., d. 1864

                Date:  1863-08-11

                Resource type:   correspondence

                A short letter written from Belle Isle Prison to reassure his mother after his capture on July 6 at Hagerstown, Maryland.

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                  Title:   Henry A. Smith to Clarissa A. Smith

                  Creator:  Smith, Henry A., d. 1864

                  Date:  1863-11-20

                  Resource type:   correspondence

                  Topics include receiving a letter from home, his hope to be released and return home, and news about others from his regiment who were killed or wounded at Hagerstown on July 6.

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                    Title:   Henry A. Smith to Mother

                    Creator:  Smith, Henry A., d. 1864

                    Date:  1862-09-14

                    Resource type:   correspondence

                    A very brief letter from near Alexandria, Va. Topics include Henry Smith getting paid, the resignation of Colonel Tompki, General Blake returning home, a fellow soldier awaits court-martial.

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                      Title:   Henry A. Smith to Mother

                      Creator:  Smith, Henry A., d. 1864

                      Date:  1862-11-20

                      Resource type:   correspondence

                      Writing from Chantilla, Virginia topics include the anticipation of receiving a package from home. Box directed to the camp at Alexandria for a few items were sent on to his current location.Mentions his good health and that he often feels better out scouting than when he stays in camp. States fellow Vermonter taken prisoner. Inquires about folks and activities at home.

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                        Title:   Henry A. Smith to Mother

                        Creator:  Smith, Henry A., d. 1864

                        Date:  1862-12-05

                        Resource type:   correspondence

                        Two letters one dated Dec 5th and one 6th. Topics include the snowy weather, Henry Smith's good health, and the difficult times the men who were drafted will face.

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