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Vermonters in the Civil War

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Collection Overview

Vermont soldiers in the Civil War wrote an enormous quantity of letters and diaries, of which many thousands have survived in libraries, historical societies, and in private hands. This collection represents a selection of letters and diaries from the University of Vermont and the Vermont Historical Society.

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Time Period Covered: January 1, 1861 - February 28, 1864 


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Browsing by:    Topic: ("Armed Forces Officers") remove term

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Title:   A. Jackman to John Wolcott Phelps

Creator:  Jackman, A.

Date:  1861-05-01

Resource type:   correspondence

Topics include ensuring that Colonel Phelps' command have books such as "Scott's Tactics".

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    Title:   A. [G.] Browne to John Wolcott Phelps

    Creator:  Browne, A. G.

    Date:  1861-10-29

    Resource type:   correspondence

    Topics include Lt. Col. A. G. Browne requesting Brig. Gen. John Wolcott Phelps' assistance in forwarding letters to Lieutenant Charles L. Pierson, Adjutant of the Massachusetts 20th Regiment who was taken prisoner along with Colonel Lee and Major Revere. Mentions Col. Lee and Major Revere, the battle of the 21st near Leesburg and flags of truce.

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      Title:   Albert B. Jewett to William Wirt Henry

      Creator:  Jewett, Albert B., 1829-1887

      Date:  1863-02-02

      Resource type:   correspondence

      Letter discussing Jewett’s possible promotion to Brigadier General (as Jewett's name is on a list for promotions) and Jewett willing to help get a staff position for Gov. Dillingham's son if Jewett is promoted.

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        Title:   Alfred H. Keith to John Lester Barstow

        Creator:  Keith, Alfred H.

        Date:  1865-01-04

        Resource type:   correspondence

        Brief letter from Capt. Alfred H. Keith to Barstow regarding Keith being relieved from duties and hoping money sent has been received.

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          Title:   Asa P. Blunt

          Creator:  Blunt, Asa P.

          Date:  1863-02-12

          Resource type:   correspondence

          A pass for Lt. Col. Roswell Farnham, G. G. Benedict, and Mary Farnham to go to Washington signed by Asa P. Blunt, Col. Commanding at Wolf Run Shoals, Va.

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            Title:   Asa P. Blunt

            Creator:  Blunt, Asa P.

            Date:  1863-04-06

            Resource type:   correspondence

            A pass for Roswell Farnham to go to Washington to return in 48 hours approved by Asa P. Blunt, Colonel Commanding 2nd Brigade Casey's Division.

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              Title:   Asa P. Blunt

              Creator:  Blunt, Asa P.

              Date:  1863-04-15

              Resource type:   correspondence

              Pass for Roswell Farnham to go to Washington for 48 hours approved by Asa P. Blunt, Colonel Commander of Brigade ; extended 48 hours by Maj. Genl. Heintzelman.

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                Title:   Benjamin F. Parmenter to Brother

                Creator:  Parmenter, Benjamin F., 1832-1896

                Date:  1861-07-28

                Resource type:   correspondence

                Topics include Benjamin F. Parmenter's negative opinion of an attack ( the first battle of Bull Run--see letter 3).

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                  Title:   Benjamin F. Parmenter to Brother

                  Creator:  Parmenter, Benjamin F., 1832-1896

                  Date:  1861-08-08

                  Resource type:   correspondence

                  Topics include the regiment being located at Bush Hill Camp, rumors that they may join up with another brigade, more discussion of the 1st Battle of Bull Run, Parmenter's low opinions of the regiments officers,and his disappointment in the treatment of the soldiers.

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                    Title:   Benjamin F. Parmenter to Brother

                    Creator:  Parmenter, Benjamin F., 1832-1896

                    Date:  1861-10-29

                    Resource type:   correspondence

                    Topics include the policy of the war department to not allow anyone to go home regardless of their circumstances,enquiries about home, Parmenter's growing disillusion with the Army, and a discussion about "the Southern confederacy is a fixed fact."

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                      Title:   Charles C. Canning to William Wirt Henry

                      Creator:  Canning, Charles C., b. 1828

                      Date:  1862-05-26

                      Resource type:   correspondence

                      Topics include the defeat of General Banks (Battle of Winchester, May 25) , the promotion of Lt. Col. Stannard, and the request to William Henry to raise a company so that Charles Canning may become a captain. Canning mentions orders from McClellan to prepare for "a bloody battle," but major fighting doesn't ensue until May 31st (Battle of Seven Pines, May 31), when Confederates take advantage of Union positions on the south side of the Chickahominy River.

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                        Title:   Charles C. Canning to William Wirt Henry

                        Creator:  Canning, Charles C., b. 1828

                        Date:  1862-07-18

                        Resource type:   correspondence

                        Topics include the movement of the regiment to Harrison's Landing, the extensive loss in the 5th Vermont Regiment (Battle of Savage's Station, June 29, 1862), the arrest of Captain Eaton, and a request for a few goods from home.

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                          Title:   Charles C. Gregg to William Wirt Henry

                          Creator:  Gregg, Charles C., 1832-1910

                          Date:  1862-05-28

                          Resource type:   correspondence

                          Topics include the expectation of a "big old fight" near Richmond (Battle of Seven Pines or Fair Oaks, ended June 1st, 1862), and the report of a fight led by "Porter and Stonman" (Fitz John Porter and George Stoneman, both Union officers) against 17,000 rebels (actual number: 4,500). This was the Battle of Hanover Court House, 18 miles north of Richmond, on May 27th, 1862. Mentions the appointment of Col. George J. Stannard to lead the Vt. 9th Regiment.

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                            Title:   Charles Dillingham to William Wirt Henry

                            Creator:  Dillingham, Charles, b. 1837

                            Date:  1861-08-16

                            Resource type:   correspondence

                            Writes of wishing to be sent food such as dried beef, cheese, pickles, maple sugar, crackers. Mentions Bush Hill, camping in rainy weather with everything they had being wet, brigade review by General Smith, discontent among the officers. In need of recruits.

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                              Title:   Charles F. Bancroft to Mary Bancroft

                              Creator:  Bancroft, Charles F., 1835-1862

                              Date:  1862-02-16

                              Resource type:   correspondence

                              Topics include Charles Bancroft's health, the food that is being cooked in camp, and the capture of Fort Donelson, Tenn. Bancroft wasn't involved in it, but the fall of Ft. Donelson reminds him that his tour of duty, if not the whole war, may be over by year's end. Bancroft sounds more confident as a soldier (enjoys picketing) and is certain he could serve another two years if asked.

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                                Title:   Charles H. Joyce to William Wirt Henry

                                Creator:  Joyce, Charles H., 1830-1916

                                Date:  1862-08-13

                                Resource type:   correspondence

                                Topics include C.H. Joyce's hope of being put in charge of the 11th regiment and anticipation of the camp moving. This would be the evacuation of Harrison's Landing, where McClellan had kept his Army of the Potomac for several weeks. Joyce refers to "old W." (Wash. DC?) and "Gov. H.," Frederick Holbrook, influential governor of Vt., 1861-1863. Also: Battle of Savage's Station, June 29, 1862, where Joyce performed well.

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                                  Title:   Draft of Official Statement

                                  Date:  1864-07-06

                                  Resource type:   correspondence

                                  Topics include an account of a situation involving Colonel Bulavsky and Major Alden that lead to the recommendation of a “Court of Inquiry” being held.

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                                    Title:   Edward Murphy to William Wirt Henry

                                    Creator:  Murphy, Edward

                                    Date:  1862-07-21

                                    Resource type:   correspondence

                                    Writing from camp at Westover Landing, Virginia topics include trying to convince William Henry to come join Company D in the 2nd Regiment, mentions officers resigning and hopes to take Richmond by the end of the summer.

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                                      Title:   Edward P. Stone to Family

                                      Creator:  Stone, Edward P., 1830-1920

                                      Date:  1862-11-20

                                      Resource type:   correspondence

                                      Regiment several days marching before reaching camp near the Aquia Creek, names various commanders in charge of the corps, newspaper informed him of the death of General Israel Richardson (wounded in Battle of Antietam in Maryland, Sept. 17, 1862, died Nov. 3, 1862)

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                                        Title:   Edward P. Stone to Family

                                        Creator:  Stone, Edward P., 1830-1920

                                        Date:  1862-12-28

                                        Resource type:   correspondence

                                        Writes of expecting letters from home, names several officers resigning, has a pass to go to Washington with a dead soldier, money, resigning his position as chaplain but wishes to work on some historical records of the regiment first, is well but is suffering from diarrhea.

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                                          Title:   Edward P. Stone to Family

                                          Creator:  Stone, Edward P., 1830-1920

                                          Date:  1863-03-19

                                          Resource type:   correspondence

                                          Topics include visiting ministers, Colonel Tuttle resigning, Col. Barney in command, petition written up endorsing the Administration, Stone feeling better about his usefulness.

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                                            Title:   Edwin H. Stoughton to Roswell Farnham

                                            Creator:  Stoughton, Edwin H.

                                            Date:  1863-01-12

                                            Resource type:   correspondence

                                            A brief communication from Brig. Gen. Stoughton to Farnham informing Farnham to withdraw the five (5) Companies and report to his Regiment at once.

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                                              Title:   F. V. Randall

                                              Creator:  Randall, F. V.

                                              Date:  1863-03-11

                                              Resource type:   correspondence

                                              Topics include a pass for Roswell Farnham to go to Alexandria and return in 48 hours.

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                                                Title:   Frederick Holbrook to John Wolcott Phelps

                                                Creator:  Holbrook, Frederick

                                                Date:  1861-08-27

                                                Resource type:   correspondence

                                                Topics include John Wolcott Phelps being promoted to Brigadier General by President Lincoln and the Senate, as well as a state election (held first Tuesday in September) for which Frederick Holbrook is running for governor. Holbrook mentions again his desire to have his son, William, be attached to Phelps.

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                                                  Title:   Frederick Holbrook to John Wolcott Phelps

                                                  Creator:  Holbrook, Frederick

                                                  Date:  1861-11-18

                                                  Resource type:   correspondence

                                                  Topics include organizing Companies or Batteries of Light Artillery for General B. F. Butler's "New England Division". Holbrook again writes of his desire to have his son, William, be attached to Phelps. Also writes of making Lt. Roberts of Rutland a Colonel of the 7th Regiment, of his disappointment of General Baxter not being elected Adjutant General. Col. Washburn got the post.

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