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Vermonters in the Civil War

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Collection Overview

Vermont soldiers in the Civil War wrote an enormous quantity of letters and diaries, of which many thousands have survived in libraries, historical societies, and in private hands. This collection represents a selection of letters and diaries from the University of Vermont and the Vermont Historical Society.

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Time Period Covered: January 1, 1861 - February 28, 1864 


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Browsing by:    Topic: ("Diseases") remove term

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Title:   Bradford Sparrow to Friends

Creator:  Sparrow, Bradford

Date:  1863-10-31

Resource type:   correspondence

Writes of Bradford's sickness of "remitant fever", his stay and care in the regimental hospital, of other patients in the hospital having Typhoid fever, requests clothing with specific instructions on just how he wants them made, soap and green tea from home,

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    Title:   Bradford Sparrow to Parents and Brothers

    Creator:  Sparrow, Bradford

    Date:  1863-11-08

    Resource type:   correspondence

    Two letters; one dated Nov 8th and one dated Nov 10th ; writes of moving to a hospital near Rappahannock Station, his health is improving slowly, the news that Charleston is being shelled, of some domestic duties he is able to do, names some of his officers and updates about boys from home.

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      Title:   Bradford Sparrow to Parents and Brothers

      Creator:  Sparrow, Bradford

      Date:  1863-11-21

      Resource type:   correspondence

      Writes of Ira, of himself having a light case of typhoid, his own health improving, will be entering Virginia winter quarters in a month, mentions the draft & how the process might be different and Bradford sending a list home of things he needs that include food and clothing.

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        Title:   Bradford Sparrow to Parents and Brothers

        Creator:  Sparrow, Bradford

        Date:  1864-04-06

        Resource type:   correspondence

        Writes of suffering from diarrhea, wanting to subscribe to the local newspaper call the Repository, commenting on the sugar orchard at home and mentions Gen. Grant.

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          Title:   Charles Dillingham to William Wirt Henry

          Creator:  Dillingham, Charles, b. 1837

          Date:  1861-08-07

          Resource type:   correspondence

          August 7, 1861 from Clermont, Virginia. Writes Vermont 3rd located at the Chain Bridge Georgetown Heights, picket duty, illness among the men, sudden death of soldiers from sore throat.

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            Title:   Charles Dillingham to William Wirt Henry

            Creator:  Dillingham, Charles, b. 1837

            Date:  1861-08-26

            Resource type:   correspondence

            August 26, 1861 from Great Falls Maryland. Writes of furloughs and discharges not being granted without good cause, illness among the men including measles, duty guarding the river, good fishing, having acquired a horse, quarters in an old hotel with creature comforts.

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              Title:   Charles Dillingham to William Wirt Henry

              Creator:  Dillingham, Charles, b. 1837

              Date:  1861-11-?

              Resource type:   correspondence

              Writes of Brigade drill under General Smith, picket duty, prospect of detachment from brigade to go south, much illness among the men including a case of small pox, upcoming promotion of Lt. Crossman, cold weather, upcoming grand review by General McClellan.

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                Title:   Charles F. Bancroft to Clarissa Bancroft

                Creator:  Bancroft, Charles F., 1835-1862

                Date:  1862-01-11

                Resource type:   correspondence

                Topics include the illness of Ephraim D. Dutton and the treatment he is getting from Bancroft, who is watching over Dutton. Bancroft thinks he'll recover when taken to a hospital. Fever, dysentery, lung ailments are compounded by homesickness, according to Bancroft. B. asks for sausage, cayenne pepper, and brandy from home. Mentions daguerreotype of "that little schoolmarm" and the problem of blue eyes. Final request: burn this letter after you read it! "Chain Bridge" refers to a site near Washington, D.C.

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                  Title:   Charles F. Bancroft to Family

                  Creator:  Bancroft, Charles F., 1835-1862

                  Date:  1861-11-16

                  Resource type:   correspondence

                  Topics include the number of men who have either died or are sick in the regiment, the success at Port Royal, and the arrest of the Confederate Ministers to Europe, Mason and Slidell.

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                    Title:   Charles F. Bancroft to Parents

                    Creator:  Bancroft, Charles F., 1835-1862

                    Date:  1862-02-02

                    Resource type:   correspondence

                    Topics include reminiscences of church meetings in Vt., stimulated by his attendance of them at camp; how much he enjoys the supplies (footwear, clothing, food, brandy) from home; some medical treatment that was improved with brandy; his appreciation of family and home; a few words about postal delivery; and a map of the South he plans to give to his father. -- Because of winter, the war has slackened off a bit. Lincoln is still trying to force McClellan to act.

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                      Title:   Edward P. Stone to Family

                      Creator:  Stone, Edward P., 1830-1920

                      Date:  1862-07-08

                      Resource type:   correspondence

                      Chaplain Stone expresses sadness at leaving sick and wounded (perhaps from the Seven Days Battles fought June 26 to July 2), sending money, sickness among the men, Dr. Chandler, Dr. Henry Janes, the officers & the chaplains, requests a linen coat, sending home clothing, John working at the wharf (perhaps along the James River?).

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                        Title:   Edward P. Stone to Family

                        Creator:  Stone, Edward P., 1830-1920

                        Date:  1862-12-28

                        Resource type:   correspondence

                        Writes of expecting letters from home, names several officers resigning, has a pass to go to Washington with a dead soldier, money, resigning his position as chaplain but wishes to work on some historical records of the regiment first, is well but is suffering from diarrhea.

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                          Title:   George J. Stannard to William Wirt Henry

                          Creator:  Stannard, George J., 1820-1886

                          Date:  1862-01-07

                          Resource type:   correspondence

                          Topics include inquiring after William Henry's health, the sickness in the regiment, and a brief description of drills and picket duty and makes mention of not being promoted, states Capt Dillingham to be promoted.

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                            Title:   George W. Quimby to Emeline B. Masta

                            Creator:  Quimby, George W., 1835-1862

                            Date:  1862-01-20

                            Resource type:   correspondence

                            Topics include the terrible weather at Camp Griffin, Va. and the numerous deaths from sicknesses such as Typhoid Fever. "Smith's Division" refers to the Vt. 5th Infantry Regiment under the command of Gen. William F. "Baldy" Smith.

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                              Title:   George W. Quimby to Sister

                              Creator:  Quimby, George W.

                              Date:  1861-11-05

                              Resource type:   correspondence

                              Topics include family matters where George gives legal advice to his sister Emeline in regards to settling her estate after the death of her husband, of illness among the men particularly measles, of finally getting all their military clothing.

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                                Title:   George W. Quimby to Sister

                                Creator:  Quimby, George W.

                                Date:  1861-11-30

                                Resource type:   correspondence

                                Writes to sister Emeline B. Masta from Camp Griffin, Va of a description of a Grand Review by Gen. McClellan and staff with Pres. Abraham Lincoln in attendance, marching to Bailey's Cross Roads, expedition to Fairfax Court House for grain, receipt of quilt and pillow, death of two men from disease, reference to Thanksgiving Day

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                                  Title:   Henry A. Smith to Family

                                  Creator:  Smith, Henry A., d. 1864

                                  Date:  1862-10-04

                                  Resource type:   correspondence

                                  Topics include encamping near Alexandria, an update on the health of Lant Blake and Gene, his unable to mail a gun home for his younger siblings, the large loss of the rebels at Orange Court House, a request for boots and gloves from home and a comment that army issue are not worth what the soldiers have to pay for them.

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                                    Title:   Henry A. Smith to Frances E. Smith

                                    Creator:  Smith, Henry A., d. 1864

                                    Date:  1864-02-28

                                    Resource type:   correspondence

                                    Short note written to tell his sister that he has been moved to the hospital in Richmond and that he is sick with dysentery. Henry died the next day.

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                                      Title:   Henry Harrison Wilder to Mother

                                      Creator:  Wilder, Henry Harrison

                                      Date:  1861-10-22

                                      Resource type:   correspondence

                                      Henry writes of having his military pay make interest, of a fight that had taken place and General Johnston was taken prisoner, of his health being better, of a soldier's discharge due to fever sore on his leg, of a woman named Marion and of a lot of letter writing being done by the soldiers.

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                                        Title:   Henry Harrison Wilder to Mother

                                        Creator:  Wilder, Henry Harrison

                                        Date:  1861-11-11

                                        Resource type:   correspondence

                                        Henry writes a solemn letter about the death from consumption of his tent mate, Adams Potter of Cornwall, of his plans to write to friends and family.

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                                          Title:   Henry Harrison Wilder to Mother

                                          Creator:  Wilder, Henry Harrison

                                          Date:  1861-?-29

                                          Resource type:   correspondence

                                          Henry writes from Camp Griffin, Va. of being in good health, of having gained ten pounds, of sleeping well, of having a comfortable bed and coverings, of the burial service of two men held by the Chaplain and of Fenton ill with the measles.

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                                            Title:   Horatio P. Bruce to Smiley Bancroft

                                            Creator:  Bruce, Horatio P.,

                                            Date:  1862-06-26

                                            Resource type:   correspondence

                                            Topics include the death of Charles Bancroft from typhoid fever, the sickness of other men in the company, and that the fall of Richmond will bring the war to an end. Like many other writers, he refers to McClellan's reluctance to deploy his massive army.

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                                              Title:   Ira A. Marshall to William Wirt Henry

                                              Creator:  Marshall, Ira A., d. 1893

                                              Date:  1862-06-08

                                              Resource type:   correspondence

                                              Topics include camping at Harrison's Landing, Virginia on the James River, makes reference to regiments and companies losing men, the names of men wounded and their injuries in Company D, makes reference to a battle (maybe Battle of Seven Pines [Fair Oaks]??), several officers resigning, the high cost of food, and the slight sickness of Ira Marshall.

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                                                Title:   John Lester Barstow to Laura

                                                Creator:  Barstow, John Lester, 1832-1913

                                                Date:  1864-02-04

                                                Resource type:   correspondence

                                                Writes of warming of days but continued nightly chills and fever, illness of Capt. George N. Carpenter, reenlisting of many of the men but they being kept in suspense over whether or not their re-enlistments are accepted due to possible replacement soldiers coming in, vents about poor living conditions affecting his general health. Letter ends mid sentence.

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                                                  Title:   John Lester Barstow to Laura

                                                  Creator:  Barstow, John Lester, 1832-1913

                                                  Date:  1864-05-19

                                                  Resource type:   correspondence

                                                  Topics include increasing numbers of sickly soldiers in camp, conditions of the hospital seized by Barstow for the injured, many wounded also homesick, projections for future marching orders.

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