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Vermonters in the Civil War

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Collection Overview

Vermont soldiers in the Civil War wrote an enormous quantity of letters and diaries, of which many thousands have survived in libraries, historical societies, and in private hands. This collection represents a selection of letters and diaries from the University of Vermont and the Vermont Historical Society.

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Time Period Covered: January 1, 1861 - February 28, 1864 


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Browsing by:    Topic: ("Families of military personnel") remove term  Topic: ("Armed Forces Officers") remove term

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Title:   Joseph Rutherford to [Hannah Rutherford]

Creator:  Rutherford, Joseph Chase, 1818-1902

Date:  1863-07-29

Resource type:   correspondence

Writing in the field near Warrenton, Virginia topics include the importance of receiving letters from home, morale kept up by sharing bits of news from home with each other in spite of the hardships in camp, reference to several commanding officers including French, Elliot, Morris, General George Meade, his hearsay knowledge of the drunkenness of Gen. Joseph Hooker, of receiving a home newspaper with one of his letters printed in it.

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    Title:   Joseph Rutherford to [Hannah Rutherford]

    Creator:  Rutherford, Joseph Chase, 1818-1902

    Date:  1863-06-07

    Resource type:   correspondence

    Topics include Hannah not yet in the new house and Rutherford anxious for her comfort, having a very pleasant officer's life visiting with Dr. Childe, his wife and other officers, Mrs. Childe to entertain by singing, mentions they being stationed at the extreme outpost for the defense of Washington, D.C., description of a medical account to Mr. Coburn by Rutherford for neutering Coburn's cat, fresh beef and berries in the area for eating, and the health of the children.

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      Title:   Mary E. Farnham to Laura

      Creator:  Farnham, Mary E.

      Date:  1863-02-17

      Resource type:   correspondence

      From Mary Farnham to sister Laura with topics including a detailed description of Mary Farnham’s visit to camp, a visit to Washington visiting the Capitol & Senate buildings ; Farnham's horses sick with horse distemper, one of them being Burnie ; Mary's discomfort traveling in the ambulance ; her embarrassing slip and fall in the ambulance ; her horse ride back ; the good health of the regiment ; weight gain of Lt. Herrick ; her affection for horse Jenny.

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        Title:   Roswell Farnham to Laura

        Creator:  Farnham, Roswell, 1827-1903

        Date:  1863-02-01

        Resource type:   correspondence

        Letter includes two drawings, one of a stockaded tent the soldiers have done and one of Farnham's cabin, all at Wolf Run Shoals, Va., a description of camp life and conditions, his sister Mary’s visit to camp, the mud and snow, and reconsidering sending money home to repay debts.

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          Title:   Roswell Farnham to [Mary Farnham]

          Creator:  Farnham, Roswell, 1827-1903

          Date:  1863-04-26

          Resource type:   correspondence

          Topics include being field officer of the day on picket line, Freeman Keyes in camp, concerns for his horse Burnie's health, stern orders from General Abercrombie regarding drills, request for photographs of his wife be taken and sent to him.

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            Title:   Roswell Farnham to [Mary Farnham]

            Creator:  Farnham, Roswell, 1827-1903

            Date:  1863-05-11

            Resource type:   correspondence

            Topics include money being sent home, references to Gen. Stoneman and Col. Mann, mentions hearing a piano being played by the daughter of Mr. Bowen playing a tune "Run, Yankees, Run or Jackson Will Catch You," rebel cavalry on the other side of the river, a scout by Colonel Mann and two companies, and the improvement in Nelson’s health, advises wife to dress well, look pretty, drink porter & get fat.

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              Title:   Roswell Farnham to [Mary Farnham]

              Creator:  Farnham, Roswell, 1827-1903

              Date:  1863-06-13

              Resource type:   correspondence

              Topics include a group of officers and men going on a ride to the battle field of Bull Run, thoughts of wanting to stay in the military but home and family pull at him more, the expectation of leaving on July 4th for Brattleboro, a visit to and description of Mr. Buckley’s family (Confederate sympathizers), talk of drinking alcohol and of wife wishing for photographs.

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                Title:   Valentine G. Barney to Maria Barney

                Creator:  Barney, Valentine G., 1834-1889

                Date:  1862-12-14

                Resource type:   correspondence

                From Camp Douglas topics include Barney receiving military pay (back from Nov 1 of $580), how Maria is to distribute it to pay off money owed by Barney, reaffirms his devotion to Maria, his ability to not be tempted to stray and his delight in receiving letters from his young children Carrie and Fred (even if not quite intelligible).

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                  Title:   Valentine G. Barney to Maria Barney

                  Creator:  Barney, Valentine G., 1834-1889

                  Date:  [1862]-10-12

                  Resource type:   correspondence

                  Topics include receiving $10 from his father, the food supplies at camp, the health of the regiment which includes many men with jaundice, morale of the men, mentions telling his wife army life would be better than he knew it would be in order for her to feel better about letting him be in the military, reporting 2 of his men as deserters to Head Quarters, the false reports written in the papers and mentions prisoner of war camp Camp Douglas.

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                    Title:   Valentine G. Barney to Maria Barney

                    Creator:  Whitmore, Orange S., 1836-1908

                    Date:  1862-10-23

                    Resource type:   correspondence

                    A letter to Maria Barney telling her of Valentine Barney's illness (Bilious Fever) written by 1st Sgt. Whitmore. He writes of the probability the regiment will not be paid soon thus Barney asking for $25 be sent, that Barney is receiving the best medical care by a widow (Mrs. Snow) in a private home and a Corporal has been assigned to stay with him.

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                      Title:   Wheelock G. Veazey to Julia A. Veazey

                      Creator:  Veazey, Wheelock G., 1835-1898

                      Date:  1863-01-16

                      Resource type:   correspondence

                      A brief and intense letter to his wife about her ill health, purchasing a new horse, and officers in the regiment who have resigned.

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                        Title:   Wheelock G. Veazey to Julia A. Veazey

                        Creator:  Veazey, Wheelock G., 1835-1898

                        Date:  1863-03-09

                        Resource type:   correspondence

                        Writes General (Edwin Henry Stoughton) was kidnapped (March 8th) at night out of his own bed (by Confederate Ranger J. S. Mosby & his men), Veazey writes of no troops near him, pickets "imperfect", Colonel Blunt put in command, and inquiries about folks at home, teases Julia about her and her "twin" meaning the baby and mentions Election Day in New Hampshire.

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                          Title:   Wheelock G. Veazey to Julia A. Veazey

                          Creator:  Veazey, Wheelock G., 1835-1898

                          Date:  1863-03-12

                          Resource type:   correspondence

                          Topics include worrying about his wife, the rainy weather, an update on General (Edwin Henry) Stoughton (who was kidnapped by Confederate Ranger J. S. Mosby and his men March 8th) having sent his mother a letter and Stoughton not being "confirmed" (for a position?).

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                            Title:   Wheelock G. Veazey to Julia A. Veazey

                            Creator:  Veazey, Wheelock G., 1835-1898

                            Date:  1862-04-22

                            Resource type:   correspondence

                            Veazey writes to Julia of how much he loves and misses her and addressing lies told about General Smith, McClellan's favorable opinion of Gen. Smith along with that of other officers.

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                              Title:   Wheelock G. Veazey to Julia A. Veazey

                              Creator:  Veazey, Wheelock G., 1835-1898

                              Date:  1862-11-10

                              Resource type:   correspondence

                              From Camp Vermont, topics include orders to prepare huts for winter quarters, Wheelock Veazey loving and missing his wife, of a visit to Col Stevens and Col. Bowers, and an indirect reference to his wife's pregnancy.

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                                Title:   William Wirt Henry to John Henry

                                Creator:  Henry, William Wirt, 1831-1915

                                Date:  1862-09-01

                                Resource type:   correspondence

                                Topics include the continued sickness of Katie, being mustered into the United States Service, and the commission as Major of the 10th Regiment.

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                                  Title:   William Wirt Henry to Mary Jane Henry

                                  Creator:  Henry, William Wirt, 1831-1915

                                  Date:  1862-11-15

                                  Resource type:   correspondence

                                  Brief letter stating he has been in charge of the Regiment since the Colonel is gone to Washington to get his wife, Henry camped 13 miles from Washington to which he will go to get money and request a furlough to be home for Thanksgiving.

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                                    Title:   William Wirt Henry to Mary Jane Henry

                                    Creator:  Henry, William Wirt, 1831-1915

                                    Date:  1863-03-08

                                    Resource type:   correspondence

                                    Letter discusses his visit home, his desire to stay, but that his duty to his country prevents him from doing so. He also writes of the possible promotion of Col Albert B.Jewett to Brigadier General, and his desire for his daughter to be taught to sing.

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                                      Title:   William Wirt Henry to Mary Jane Henry

                                      Creator:  Henry, William Wirt, 1831-1915

                                      Date:  1863-06-02

                                      Resource type:   correspondence

                                      Letter discusses the returned health of their son, possible plans for his family to come and stay with him in camp, and his uncertainty over what he might do when the war is over.

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                                        Title:   William Wirt Henry to Mary Jane Henry

                                        Creator:  Henry, William Wirt, 1831-1915

                                        Date:  1862-08-22

                                        Resource type:   correspondence

                                        Topics include the poor health of William Henry's sister Katie and the appointment of Acting Major.

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                                          Title:   William Wirt Henry to Mary Jane Henry

                                          Creator:  Henry, William Wirt, 1831-1915

                                          Date:  1862-08-24

                                          Resource type:   correspondence

                                          Topics include being put in charge of the 10th Regiment for a few days, William Henry's wish to go home to see his family, the duties of being a Major, feeling very proud of his military promotion, Dress Parade well attended by some 400 to 500 people including Mr. Cummings who was Speaker of the House.

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                                            Title:   William Wirt Henry to Mary Jane Henry

                                            Creator:  Henry, William Wirt, 1831-1915

                                            Date:  1862-08-15

                                            Resource type:   correspondence

                                            A very brief letter from Camp Washburn topics include inquiries after the well being of his baby boy and the anticipated promotion to Major.

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                                              Title:   William Wirt Henry to Mary Jane Henry

                                              Creator:  Henry, William Wirt, 1831-1915

                                              Date:  1862-08-18

                                              Resource type:   correspondence

                                              Writing from Camp Bradley (later Camp Holbrook) in Brattleboro, Vt. topics include anxious to see his baby boy, continued anticipation of appointment to Major and as acting Adjutant for 11th Regt.until Mr. Curtis of Burlington arrives.

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                                                Title:   William Wirt Henry to Mary Jane Henry

                                                Creator:  Henry, William Wirt, 1831-1915

                                                Date:  1862-09-20

                                                Resource type:   correspondence

                                                Topics include reflecting on Katie's death and William Henry being in command of five companies and five miles of the Potomac River.

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                                                  Title:   William Wirt Henry to Mary Jane Henry

                                                  Creator:  Henry, William Wirt, 1831-1915

                                                  Date:  1862-09-24

                                                  Resource type:   correspondence

                                                  Topics include the good health of the regiment, him having a good bay horse as he needs to ride 15 miles to visit all the pickets and the need for friends and family in a time of loss.

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