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Vermonters in the Civil War

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Collection Overview

Vermont soldiers in the Civil War wrote an enormous quantity of letters and diaries, of which many thousands have survived in libraries, historical societies, and in private hands. This collection represents a selection of letters and diaries from the University of Vermont and the Vermont Historical Society.

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Time Period Covered: January 1, 1861 - February 28, 1864 


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Browsing by:    Topic: ("Intrenchments") remove term

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Title:   Henry Harrison Wilder to Mother

Creator:  Wilder, Henry Harrison

Date:  1862-04-09

Resource type:   correspondence

Topics include the rebels being strongly fortified at Lee's Mill, the preparations for a hard battle (the month-long siege of Yorktown), and Merrill's sickness. Detailed description of some dead and wounded soldiers.

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    Title:   Ransom W. Towle to Friends

    Creator:  Towle, Ransom W., d. 1864

    Date:  1862-04-18

    Resource type:   correspondence

    Writing after a battle near Yorktown, Towle recalls those wounded and killed. States preparations continue to be made for more fighting, that provisions for the men sometimes are difficult to get, that Col Stoughton performs admirably but that General Smith was drunk and has been arrested .

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      Title:   Roswell Farnham to Laura

      Creator:  Farnham, Roswell, 1827-1903

      Date:  1861-06-29

      Resource type:   correspondence

      Topics include two Louisiana Zouaves who were brought in by Col. Hawkins, accounts of their desertion and capture, rumors of an advancing Confederate force, and the anticipation of an enemy attack that never occurs. .

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        Title:   Roswell Farnham to Mary [Farnham]

        Creator:  Farnham, Roswell, 1827-1903

        Date:  1861-05-27

        Resource type:   correspondence

        Topics include the movement from Hampton to Newport News, Virginia, the beginning of the first entrenchment at Camp Butler, some details about camp dentistry, and the appointment of John Wolcott Phelps as Brigadier General. Mentions Vt. military units: Northfield Co., Bradford Guards, Vt. Regiment ; a Virginia unit: Old Dominion Dragoons (ODD) ; ships: Catalina, Monticello ; and a newspaper (Vt.?): "the Telegraph."

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          Title:   Roswell Farnham to [Mary Farnham]

          Creator:  Farnham, Roswell, 1827-1903

          Date:  1861-06-27

          Resource type:   correspondence

          Topics include an account of the sick, the return of Parker of the Woodstock Company from enemy prison, and asking Mrs. Farnham to save newspapers.

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            Title:   Valentine G. Barney to Maria Barney

            Creator:  Barney, Valentine G., 1834-1889

            Date:  1862-08-09

            Resource type:   correspondence

            Topics include the progress made on the fort, the cutting down of many trees within a mile of the fort, of orchards and shade trees also cut down nearby buildings to the great dismay of local residents, an outbreak of dysentery, and the hope to be able to send some military pay home soon.

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              Title:   Valentine G. Barney to Maria Barney

              Creator:  Barney, Valentine G., 1834-1889

              Date:  1862-08-15

              Resource type:   correspondence

              Topics include moving to a camp near the east corner of the fort, a description of the fort including how many guns and what types of guns, and the appointment of Eaton as the major of the 10th regiment.

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                Title:   Wheelock G. Veazey to Julia A. Veazey

                Creator:  Veazey, Wheelock G., 1835-1898

                Date:  1861-08-09

                Resource type:   correspondence

                Topics include the measures taken by the camp to secure their safety.

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                  Title:   Wheelock G. Veazey to Julia A. Veazey

                  Creator:  Veazey, Wheelock G., 1835-1898

                  Date:  1861-10-20

                  Resource type:   correspondence

                  Topics include the toll the war is taking on the wives, mothers, and sisters of soldiers, the lack of awareness by Northerners, and a discussion of Gen. McClellan.

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                    Title:   William C. Holbrook to Frederick Holbrook

                    Creator:  Holbrook, William Cune, 1842-1904

                    Date:  1862-05-09

                    Resource type:   correspondence

                    Topics include working with the naval forces to occupy Fort Pike, La. which fell April 27, 1862. Holbrook describes the fort, the artillery left behind, and the process for allowing vessels to pass by this strategic entrance to Lake Pontchartrain, at New Orleans.

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                      Title:   William Wirt Henry to Mary Jane Henry

                      Creator:  Henry, William Wirt, 1831-1915

                      Date:  1863-08-09

                      Resource type:   correspondence

                      Letter discusses being paid, Paymaster, sending more money home as well as the desire to have all monies he has sent to his wife accounted for, mentions his "boy" Johnny (assistant/attendant). The prospect of buying sheep, health of family members, "fifth corps" entrenched across the river, General Morris, may hear of the fall of Charleston soon, some men suffering from diarrhea, the potential movement of the Army of the Potomac.

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