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Vermonters in the Civil War

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Collection Overview

Vermont soldiers in the Civil War wrote an enormous quantity of letters and diaries, of which many thousands have survived in libraries, historical societies, and in private hands. This collection represents a selection of letters and diaries from the University of Vermont and the Vermont Historical Society.

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Time Period Covered: January 1, 1861 - February 28, 1864 


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Title:   Asa P. Blunt to E. Mason

Creator:  Blunt, Asa P.

Resource type:   correspondence

Topics include the questioning of G. Mason’s loyalty to the United States government by Col. Blunt, denial of protection Mason has requested, the suggestion that Mason take the oath of allegiance to the U.S. or suffer the consequences of possible destruction of property.

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    Title:   Erastus Fairbanks to John Wolcott Phelps

    Creator:  Fairbanks, Erastus

    Date:  1862-09-23

    Resource type:   correspondence

    Topics include the conduct of the 7th Vermont Regiment and the lack of newspaper coverage of the Regiment's positive attributes. The battles in Maryland would include Antietam Creek, one of the bloodiest battles of the war. Fairbanks also mentions a rumor of Phelps's resignation, which had indeed occurred in August, 1862. Some thoughts about slavery, government, and the Constitution.

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      Title:   Horatio P. Bruce to Smiley Bancroft

      Creator:  Bruce, Horatio P.,

      Date:  1862-06-26

      Resource type:   correspondence

      Topics include the death of Charles Bancroft from typhoid fever, the sickness of other men in the company, and that the fall of Richmond will bring the war to an end. Like many other writers, he refers to McClellan's reluctance to deploy his massive army.

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        Title:   Joseph L. Perkins to Brother

        Creator:  Perkins, Joseph L.

        Date:  1861-04-23

        Resource type:   correspondence

        Topics include a discussion of Liberty and the Constitution and one of women's equality with men.

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          Title:   Letter to John Wolcott Phelps

          Date:  1862-08-10

          Resource type:   correspondence

          Holbrook waxes eloquent in his call for a "'Great Awakening' at Washington" and a greater awareness of how "our present severe training" will make the nation stronger; but the federal government needs to take the war seriously in order to have victory. Accordingly, Holbrook supports Lincoln's call for 300,000 additional troops, but suggests that a million men in arms would bring success. Intuits correctly that Phelps's "Dark Brigade" (black troops) would not be allowed to bear arms.

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            Title:   Roswell Farnham to [C. H.] Harding

            Creator:  Farnham, Roswell, 1827-1903

            Date:  1861-05-26

            Resource type:   correspondence

            Topics include preparing for a march with the 4th Massachusetts Regiment and a New York Regiment most likely to Sewells Point, Virginia. Farnham expresses pride in the Green Mountain Boys. Names mentioned: Officers Stearns, Andross, and Worthen.

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              Title:   Wheelock G. Veazey to Julia A. Veazey

              Creator:  Veazey, Wheelock G., 1835-1898

              Date:  1861-08-17

              Resource type:   correspondence

              Topics include the sacrifice made by all the soldiers, the Vermont 2nd Regiment at Bull Run, and the fight but up by the Zouaves and the New York 69th Regiment.

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                Title:   Wheelock G. Veazey to Julia A. Veazey

                Creator:  Veazey, Wheelock G., 1835-1898

                Date:  1861-11-09

                Resource type:   correspondence

                Topics include the cold nights and the toll it takes and Wheelock G. Veazey’s responsibilities in camp.

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                  Title:   Wheelock G. Veazey to Julia A. Veazey

                  Creator:  Veazey, Wheelock G., 1835-1898

                  Date:  [1861]-12-01

                  Resource type:   correspondence

                  Topics include a brief description of the Thanksgiving celebrations and a description of a trip to Washington.

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                    Title:   Wheelock G. Veazey to Julia A. Veazey

                    Creator:  Veazey, Wheelock G., 1835-1898

                    Date:  1861-12-15

                    Resource type:   correspondence

                    Topics include Wheelock G. Veazey’s dismay that some people from home believe the pay soldiers receive should be decreased.

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                      Title:   Wheelock G. Veazey to Julia A. Veazey

                      Creator:  Veazey, Wheelock G., 1835-1898

                      Date:  1863-01-22

                      Resource type:   correspondence

                      Topics include moving to camp near Fairfax Station, giving advice to others, threatening to leave the country if the Union does not succeed, expressing strong political opinions, a description of the governmental parties, stating President Lincoln being nervous about the next Congress, wishing the President would be politically stronger.

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                        Title:   Wheelock G. Veazey to Julia A. Veazey

                        Creator:  Veazey, Wheelock G., 1835-1898

                        Date:  1863-01-25

                        Resource type:   correspondence

                        Topics include the warm weather, Chester’s resignation, opinions of the critics at home and Wheelock’s plan to go back to school after leaving the army.

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