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Vermonters in the Civil War

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Collection Overview

Vermont soldiers in the Civil War wrote an enormous quantity of letters and diaries, of which many thousands have survived in libraries, historical societies, and in private hands. This collection represents a selection of letters and diaries from the University of Vermont and the Vermont Historical Society.

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Time Period Covered: January 1, 1861 - February 28, 1864 


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Browsing by:    Topic: ("Ship Island (Miss.)") remove term

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Title:   Frederick Holbrook to John Wolcott Phelps

Creator:  Holbrook, Frederick

Date:  1862-05-02

Resource type:   correspondence

Topics include the arrival of the 7th and 8th Vermont Regiments at Ship Island, off the coast of Miss., and arrangements with the War Department for wounded troops to be sent home. Holbrook mentions the Battle of Yorktown (April 5-May 4, 1862), esp. the "affair" on April 16 that left ca. 100 Vermont soldiers wounded. Holbrook is in charge of the U.S. Marine Hospital in Burlington, Vt.

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    Title:   Frederick Holbrook to John Wolcott Phelps

    Creator:  Holbrook, Frederick

    Date:  1862-03-06

    Resource type:   correspondence

    In his letter to General Phelps, Frederick Holbrook, Governor of Vermont (1861-1863), expresses his admiration for several Union officers from Vermont and his pride in the 8th Vt. Regiment. He informs the general that two infantry regiments and two artillery companies are ready to serve. (This is about one month before the Union attack on New Orleans, launched in part from Ship Island, just off the coast of Mississippi.) Holbrook explains that they would have been sent a month earlier "had Government been ready with funds." He looks forward to seeing Phelps again after the war.

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      Title:   John Lester Barstow to ?

      Creator:  Barstow, John Lester, 1832-1913

      Date:  1862-05-18

      Resource type:   correspondence

      Topics include the comfortable lodgings of the regiment in New Orleans, the cost of food items, and the state of New Orleans when the Vermont Regiment arrived.

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        Title:   John Lester Barstow to Laura

        Creator:  Barstow, John Lester, 1832-1913

        Date:  1862-05-03

        Resource type:   correspondence

        Topics include an overview of the daily schedule in camp, firing on Fort Jackson and Fort St. Philips by General Butler, General Phelps, and about 10,000 men that lasted for three days, and orders for the rest of the regiment to head for New Orleans.

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          Title:   John Lester Barstow to Laura

          Creator:  Barstow, John Lester, 1832-1913

          Date:  1862-05-11

          Resource type:   correspondence

          Topics include being aboard the ship “Jamis Hovey” on the Mississippi River on the way to New Orleans, the difficulty of the journey from Ship Island to New Orleans, and the initial observations upon the arrival in New Orleans.

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            Title:   Justus E. Gale to Father

            Creator:  Gale, Justus F., 1837-1863

            Date:  1862-03-28

            Resource type:   correspondence

            Two letters one dated March 28th and one April 6th.Topics include a description of the journey to Ship Island, Mississippi, being seasick, about the food and hard bread, poor quality water and little of it, writes of his faith in God and his sighting of the island.

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              Title:   Justus F. Gale to Brother

              Creator:  Gale, Justus F., 1837-1863

              Date:  1862-03-01

              Resource type:   correspondence

              Topics include the improvement of Justus Gale’s health, over $60 of military pay sent home, trading for a watch and the anticipated journey to New York and then on to Ship Island, Mississippi.

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                Title:   Justus F. Gale to Brother

                Creator:  Gale, Justus F., 1837-1863

                Date:  1862-04-24

                Resource type:   correspondence

                Two letters dated April 24th and 25th. Topics include the capture of Fort Jackson(?) ; fort south of the city of New Orleans, Louisiana, [battle April 18-28], the food at camp good except greasy pork meat, and the schedule for the day including battalion drills and dress parade.

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                  Title:   Justus F. Gale to Sister

                  Creator:  Gale, Justus F., 1837-1863

                  Date:  1862-03-07

                  Resource type:   correspondence

                  Writing to his sister topics include the journey from Camp Holbrook to Ship Island through New York via train car, mentions 45 rebel officers being taken prisoner at Fort Donelson, hopes the war to be over soon, thinks of his family back home and puts his faith in God to rule over all.

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                    Title:   Justus F. Gale to Sister

                    Creator:  Gale, Justus F., 1837-1863

                    Date:  1862-04-21

                    Resource type:   correspondence

                    Topics include the improvement in Justus Gale's health, the cost of food items in camp, the death of three men in the regiment, the attempted suicide of a man in Company F, mentions "sugar place" back home in Elmore and writes about the lack of information in camp about the rest of the Union Army.

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