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Vermonters in the Civil War

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Collection Overview

Vermont soldiers in the Civil War wrote an enormous quantity of letters and diaries, of which many thousands have survived in libraries, historical societies, and in private hands. This collection represents a selection of letters and diaries from the University of Vermont and the Vermont Historical Society.

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Time Period Covered: January 1, 1861 - February 28, 1864 


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Browsing by:    Topic: ("United StatesArmy.Vermont Infantry Regiment, 16th (1862-1863)") remove term

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Title:   Joseph Spafford to Homer White

Creator:  Spafford, Joseph, 1837-1866

Date:  1863-01-18

Resource type:   correspondence

Writes of being in the military for 9 months and not knowing what the future will bring, of moving from Camp Vermont to Fairfax Court House, of having done picket duties at Bull Run, of doing drills, writes of the personality of a man named Az as well as mentioning other men he is with, of the promotion of George Clark to 2nd Lieutenant in Company D.

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    Title:   Joseph Spafford to Marianne Spafford

    Creator:  Spafford, Joseph, 1837-1866

    Date:  1863-04-27

    Resource type:   correspondence

    Topics include sending $350 home after being paid $426, a trip into Washington to purchase needed clothing, release date July 23rd, the distribution of the regiment, military pay in "scripts" and the pleasant weather.

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      Title:   Joseph Spafford to Marianne Spafford

      Creator:  Spafford, Joseph, 1837-1866

      Date:  1862-11-24

      Resource type:   correspondence

      Writing from Camp Vermont, topics include a copy of Joseph Spafford’s accounts of camp life from November 10th until November 24th written on stationery with a beautiful color illustration of Richmond, Virginia. Mentions the orphan boys wanting to go along with the soldiers have run away.

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        Title:   Joseph Spafford to Mary Jane Spafford

        Creator:  Spafford, Joseph, 1837-1866

        Date:  1863-01-19

        Resource type:   correspondence

        Topics include the 16th Vermont Regiment and whole Brigade moving to Occoquan and Wolf Run, the measles going around the regiment, looking forward to marching as the weather is good, states many soldiers have deserted, the government not paying the soldiers, officers having to buy their own outfits, writes again about whether or not to have a box of goods sent to him.

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          Title:   Joseph Spafford to Mary Jane Spafford

          Creator:  Spafford, Joseph, 1837-1866

          Date:  1863-02-21

          Resource type:   correspondence

          Topics include how often to write, of not getting a letter Mary Jane says she wrote, the snowy and rainy weather, Williams and the Captains poor health, a trip to Washington, Joseph’s clothing, the resignation of the 2nd Lieutenant of Company F, and Joseph’s good health.

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            Title:   Joseph Spafford to Mary Jane Spafford

            Creator:  Spafford, Joseph, 1837-1866

            Date:  1863-03-13

            Resource type:   correspondence

            Time doing battalion drills, the capture of Stoughts, Rebels capturing Brig. Gen without a gunshot, digging pits, inquiries about a letter that perhaps was inappropriate with questions about who wrote it & how disgruntled privates can give misconceptions, and a few officers in Company E becoming intoxicated.

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              Title:   Joseph Spafford to Mary Jane Spafford

              Creator:  Spafford, Joseph, 1837-1866

              Date:  1863-04-03

              Resource type:   correspondence

              Topics include several promotions in the regiment, a trip to Washington, to the theater to see performances (Werner, Still Waters Run Deep, My Aunt), book of poems to send home, music to send home (I'm sitting on the Stile Mary & The Vacant chair), the cold weather, and the expectation to be paid soon.

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                Title:   Joseph Spafford to Mary Jane Spafford

                Creator:  Spafford, Joseph, 1837-1866

                Date:  1863-04-12

                Resource type:   correspondence

                Topics include preparations to take the field for up to seven days, reflections on what living conditions might be light, what items are being taken, sending music home (Sitting on the Style & Dear Mother, I’ll come home again)

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                  Title:   Joseph Spafford to Mary Jane Spafford

                  Creator:  Spafford, Joseph, 1837-1866

                  Date:  1863-04-19

                  Resource type:   correspondence

                  Topics include remaining at Union Mills, the appointment as Colonel Stannard as the new Brigadier and General Abercrombie as the new Division General, wishing for regular military pay schedule, discord in the ranks with opposing opinions by soldiers with 3 year enlistment against those with only 9 months enlistment and the marriage of George and Augusta Dodge.

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                    Title:   Joseph Spafford to Mary Jane Spafford

                    Creator:  Spafford, Joseph, 1837-1866

                    Date:  1863-04-24

                    Resource type:   correspondence

                    Topics include Companies E and K going to Bristol Station with General Stannard, receiving military pay for the past four months, liking the song "Sitting on the Style, Mary".

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                      Title:   Joseph Spafford to Mary Jane Spafford

                      Creator:  Spafford, Joseph, 1837-1866

                      Date:  1863-05-11

                      Resource type:   correspondence

                      Reference to Gen. Joseph Hooker's withdrawal across the Rappahannock River at the Battle of Chancellorsville (April 1863), Hooker getting an additional 30,000 men from Hentzleman, where the various companies are stationed, sabotage and guerrilla tactics by "squads", the capture & release of Union soldiers, reference to Confederate forces under John Singleton Mosby and family photographs.

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                        Title:   Joseph Spafford to Mary Jane Spafford

                        Creator:  Spafford, Joseph, 1837-1866

                        Date:  1863-05-15

                        Resource type:   correspondence

                        Topics include being on detail with 30 men guarding bridge at Kettle Run, the Confederate rebel John Singleton Mosby and his guerrilla squads in the vicinity, and a cavalryman coming into camp to warn of squad of greybacks chasing him.

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                          Title:   Joseph Spafford to Mary Jane Spafford

                          Creator:  Spafford, Joseph, 1837-1866

                          Date:  1863-05-16

                          Resource type:   correspondence

                          Writing a illustrated letter head stationery in an abandoned home, Spafford writes of guarding the Kettle Run Bridge in Virginia, a brief description of the deserted and burned homes between Manassas Junction and Warrenton Junction, using an old wind mill as a look out tower, the building of block houses for the men allowing them to shoot in all directions, being able to get milk and eggs, having stray dogs stealing fresh beef from the soldiers, inquiries about the draft in Vermont and talk among the men due to be released from the army.

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                            Title:   Joseph Spafford to Mary Jane Spafford

                            Creator:  Spafford, Joseph, 1837-1866

                            Date:  1863-05-21

                            Resource type:   correspondence

                            Topics include a trip to Washington, D.C. to stock up on clothing and supplies, the high cost of staying in Washington, Ned getting badly wounded in the foot, music sent home "On the Shores of the Tennessee", complaint regarding mustering the men out as decided by the State officers.

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                              Title:   Joseph Spafford to Mary Jane Spafford

                              Creator:  Spafford, Joseph, 1837-1866

                              Date:  1863-05-30

                              Resource type:   correspondence

                              Topics include trying to figure out where a family acquaintance (Nels Craigue) is by asking a sutler, the rebels firing on and burning of a train just beyond Kettle Run Bridge and photographs of sister.

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                                Title:   Joseph Spafford to Mary Jane Spafford

                                Creator:  Spafford, Joseph, 1837-1866

                                Date:  1862-11-09

                                Resource type:   correspondence

                                Writing from Camp Seward near Alexandria, Virginia, topics include a copy of Joseph Spafford’s accounts of camp life from October 24th until November 9th, 1862 with a note that he burns the letters he receives. Writes about tents, gunfire heard from a battle a distance away, on leave to visit Washington, D.C., liking his boy Daniel McAuliffe age 13 and wanting to take him with him to Vermont when the 9 months are up.

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                                  Title:   Joseph Spafford to Mary Jane Spafford

                                  Creator:  Spafford, Joseph, 1837-1866

                                  Date:  [1862]-11-19

                                  Resource type:   correspondence

                                  Topics include rumors that the 15th and 16th regiments may move to New York and go with the Texas Expedition, the health of the regiment and the matter of shipping a tub of butter to Spafford.

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                                    Title:   Wheelock G. Veazey to Julia A. Veazey

                                    Creator:  Veazey, Wheelock G., 1835-1898

                                    Date:  1863-01-16

                                    Resource type:   correspondence

                                    A brief and intense letter to his wife about her ill health, purchasing a new horse, and officers in the regiment who have resigned.

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                                      Title:   Wheelock G. Veazey to Julia A. Veazey

                                      Creator:  Veazey, Wheelock G., 1835-1898

                                      Date:  1863-01-19

                                      Resource type:   correspondence

                                      A brief letter stating the men moving in the morning to the Rail Road Station, measles in the regiment, expressing deep love for his wife & missing her and home.

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                                        Title:   Wheelock G. Veazey to Julia A. Veazey

                                        Creator:  Veazey, Wheelock G., 1835-1898

                                        Date:  1863-02-02

                                        Resource type:   correspondence

                                        Wheelock’s comments on his wife's habit of being away from home visiting while pregnant, refers to the snowy and rainy weather in camp, mentions he intends to make a trip to Washington and nothing much happening in camp, even too muddy to drill.

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                                          Title:   Wheelock G. Veazey to Julia A. Veazey

                                          Creator:  Veazey, Wheelock G., 1835-1898

                                          Date:  1863-02-15

                                          Resource type:   correspondence

                                          Topics include Wheelock’s health and the health of other men in camp, wives in camp seem to enjoy being there, may be referring to Mrs. Blunt being pregnant as he thinks she must hurry home before she is to be "confined", a description of his comfortable two tent living conditions, has a boy attendant even better than Jason, and how much he misses his wife.

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                                            Title:   Wheelock G. Veazey to Julia A. Veazey

                                            Creator:  Veazey, Wheelock G., 1835-1898

                                            Date:  1863-02-20

                                            Resource type:   correspondence

                                            Topics include forgiving his wife, the snow and rain, and the ill health of the men in camp, they being careless after being sick and men dying, not concerned about the gender of the baby.

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                                              Title:   Wheelock G. Veazey to Julia A. Veazey

                                              Creator:  Veazey, Wheelock G., 1835-1898

                                              Date:  1863-03-09

                                              Resource type:   correspondence

                                              Writes General (Edwin Henry Stoughton) was kidnapped (March 8th) at night out of his own bed (by Confederate Ranger J. S. Mosby & his men), Veazey writes of no troops near him, pickets "imperfect", Colonel Blunt put in command, and inquiries about folks at home, teases Julia about her and her "twin" meaning the baby and mentions Election Day in New Hampshire.

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                                                Title:   Wheelock G. Veazey to Julia A. Veazey

                                                Creator:  Veazey, Wheelock G., 1835-1898

                                                Date:  1863-03-12

                                                Resource type:   correspondence

                                                Topics include worrying about his wife, the rainy weather, an update on General (Edwin Henry) Stoughton (who was kidnapped by Confederate Ranger J. S. Mosby and his men March 8th) having sent his mother a letter and Stoughton not being "confirmed" (for a position?).

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                                                  Title:   Wheelock G. Veazey to Julia A. Veazey

                                                  Creator:  Veazey, Wheelock G., 1835-1898

                                                  Date:  1863-03-22

                                                  Resource type:   correspondence

                                                  Topics include Wheelock being given a Rebel puppy named Jeff, wants to keep him and bring him home, mentions looking thin in his standing photographs, prefers the sitting ones, expecting photos of his wife, Julia, in her new cloak, the return of one of the men that was taken prisoner with Gen. Stoughton, Richmond reported to be in "dismal" condition with financial problems, baby may be due in June, how when Wheelock returns home they will be a family of three.

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