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Vermonters in the Civil War

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Collection Overview

Vermont soldiers in the Civil War wrote an enormous quantity of letters and diaries, of which many thousands have survived in libraries, historical societies, and in private hands. This collection represents a selection of letters and diaries from the University of Vermont and the Vermont Historical Society.

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Time Period Covered: January 1, 1861 - February 28, 1864 


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Browsing by:    Topic: ("United StatesArmy.Vermont Infantry Regiment, 3rd (1861-1865)") remove term

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Title:   Charles Dillingham to William Wirt Henry

Creator:  Dillingham, Charles, b. 1837

Date:  1861-08-07

Resource type:   correspondence

August 7, 1861 from Clermont, Virginia. Writes Vermont 3rd located at the Chain Bridge Georgetown Heights, picket duty, illness among the men, sudden death of soldiers from sore throat.

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    Title:   Erastus Fairbanks to John Wolcott Phelps

    Creator:  Fairbanks, Erastus

    Date:  1862-09-23

    Resource type:   correspondence

    Topics include the conduct of the 7th Vermont Regiment and the lack of newspaper coverage of the Regiment's positive attributes. The battles in Maryland would include Antietam Creek, one of the bloodiest battles of the war. Fairbanks also mentions a rumor of Phelps's resignation, which had indeed occurred in August, 1862. Some thoughts about slavery, government, and the Constitution.

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      Title:   Joseph Spafford to Mary Jane Spafford

      Creator:  Spafford, Joseph, 1837-1866

      Date:  1862-01-26

      Resource type:   correspondence

      Topics include resignation of officers and promotions of new officers, pay, visiting the 3rd Vermont, sickness in the Regiment, getting vaccinated for small pox, and rumors of marching orders.

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        Title:   Justus F. Gale to Sister

        Creator:  Gale, Justus F., 1837-1863

        Date:  1863-03-01

        Resource type:   correspondence

        Topics include his appreciation for receiving a box from his family, letters he has received from friends, information on his speculation in watches and apples, and his decision not to receive a photograph of his brother, Charlie, who died on August 30, 1862, since Charlie still seems alive to Justus.

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          Title:   Solomon G. Heaton to Father

          Creator:  Heaton, Solomon G.

          Date:  1861-11-17

          Resource type:   correspondence

          Topics include the cold weather at Camp Griffin.

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            Title:   Solomon G. Heaton to Mother

            Creator:  Heaton, Solomon G.

            Date:  1861-12-25

            Resource type:   correspondence

            Topics include a brief account of Thanksgiving and Christmas at Camp Griffin.

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              Title:   Solomon G. Heaton to Mother

              Creator:  Heaton, Solomon G.

              Date:  1864-04-06

              Resource type:   correspondence

              Topics include Heaton letting his mother know his health is good, the bad weather, the “vile” women, the death of Heman Belden who was shot accidentally & survived only 3 or 4 days, reference to book "Miss Martha Brownlow : the heroine of Tennessee" by William D. Reynolds.

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                Title:   Wheelock G. Veazey to Albin Beard

                Creator:  Veazey, Wheelock G., 1835-1898

                Date:  [1861-10-06]

                Resource type:   correspondence

                Topics include the cleanliness of the camp and the arrival of Wheelock G. Veazey’s horse.

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                  Title:   Wheelock G. Veazey to Albin Beard, Albin Beard to Wheelock G. Veazey

                  Creator:  Veazey, Wheelock G., 1835-1898; Beard, Albin

                  Date:  [1861]-09-08

                  Resource type:   correspondence

                  Topics include the assignment of Wheelock G. Veazey’s regiment to the post of honor within their division of the army.

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                    Title:   Wheelock G. Veazey to Julia A. Veazey

                    Creator:  Veazey, Wheelock G., 1835-1898

                    Date:  1861-06-27

                    Resource type:   correspondence

                    Topics include Wheelock G. Veazey telling his wife Julia A. Veazey how much he loves and misses her.

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                      Title:   Wheelock G. Veazey to Julia A. Veazey

                      Creator:  Veazey, Wheelock G., 1835-1898

                      Date:  [1861]-07-19

                      Resource type:   correspondence

                      Topics include a change of plans to leave for Baltimore on Wednesday instead of Tuesday.

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                        Title:   Wheelock G. Veazey to Julia A. Veazey

                        Creator:  Veazey, Wheelock G., 1835-1898

                        Date:  1861-07-21

                        Resource type:   correspondence

                        Topics include a description of a riot Wheelock G. Veazey was in charge of dissipating because of the absence of Colonel Hyde.

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                          Title:   Wheelock G. Veazey to Julia A. Veazey

                          Creator:  Veazey, Wheelock G., 1835-1898

                          Date:  [1861]-07-28

                          Resource type:   correspondence

                          Topics include a description of the journey to Washington and the set up of the campsite with the 6th Maine Regiment.

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                            Title:   Wheelock G. Veazey to Julia A. Veazey

                            Creator:  Veazey, Wheelock G., 1835-1898

                            Date:  [1861]-08-02

                            Resource type:   correspondence

                            Topics include Wheelock G. Veazey telling his wife Julia A. Veazey how much he loves and misses her as well as the Regiment’s location on the banks of the Potomac near Washington.

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                              Title:   Wheelock G. Veazey to Julia A. Veazey

                              Creator:  Veazey, Wheelock G., 1835-1898

                              Date:  1861-08-09

                              Resource type:   correspondence

                              Topics include the measures taken by the camp to secure their safety.

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                                Title:   Wheelock G. Veazey to Julia A. Veazey

                                Creator:  Veazey, Wheelock G., 1835-1898

                                Date:  1861-08-14

                                Resource type:   correspondence

                                Topics include the cold weather in camp and one of the corporals cutting off his thumb.

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                                  Title:   Wheelock G. Veazey to Julia A. Veazey

                                  Creator:  Veazey, Wheelock G., 1835-1898

                                  Date:  1861-08-17

                                  Resource type:   correspondence

                                  Topics include the sacrifice made by all the soldiers, the Vermont 2nd Regiment at Bull Run, and the fight but up by the Zouaves and the New York 69th Regiment.

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                                    Title:   Wheelock G. Veazey to Julia A. Veazey

                                    Creator:  Veazey, Wheelock G., 1835-1898

                                    Date:  1861-08-18

                                    Resource type:   correspondence

                                    Topics include plans to capture a company in Virginia, the danger the Capitol is in according to General Smith, and the preventative steps being taken to protect it.

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                                      Title:   Wheelock G. Veazey to Julia A. Veazey

                                      Creator:  Veazey, Wheelock G., 1835-1898

                                      Date:  [1861]-08-21

                                      Resource type:   correspondence

                                      Topics include the safe return of the company from an expedition.

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                                        Title:   Wheelock G. Veazey to Julia A. Veazey

                                        Creator:  Veazey, Wheelock G., 1835-1898

                                        Date:  1861-08-25

                                        Resource type:   correspondence

                                        Topics include Wheelock G. Veazey being in command of the Regiment for about a week, scouting Virginia, and General Smith making recommendations for Lt. Col. Hyde to be promoted to Col. and Wheelock G. Veazey to be promoted to Lt. Col.

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                                          Title:   Wheelock G. Veazey to Julia A. Veazey

                                          Creator:  Veazey, Wheelock G., 1835-1898

                                          Date:  1861-09-01

                                          Resource type:   correspondence

                                          Topics include Butler’s victory and an overview of all the promotions in the Regiment.

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                                            Title:   Wheelock G. Veazey to Julia A. Veazey

                                            Creator:  Veazey, Wheelock G., 1835-1898

                                            Date:  1861-09-06

                                            Resource type:   correspondence

                                            Topics include advancements made by the Regiment although they have not seen any action yet.

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                                              Title:   Wheelock G. Veazey to Julia A. Veazey

                                              Creator:  Veazey, Wheelock G., 1835-1898

                                              Date:  1861-09-11

                                              Resource type:   correspondence

                                              Topics include a detachment that surrounded Lewinsville in hopes of capturing a force of cavalry, however only found a small company of picket guard; as well as an attack on the Regiment that left several men wounded. This is Lt. Col. Veazey's initial account what is now known as the Battle of Lewinsville.

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                                                Title:   Wheelock G. Veazey to Julia A. Veazey

                                                Creator:  Veazey, Wheelock G., 1835-1898

                                                Date:  [1861]-09-14

                                                Resource type:   correspondence

                                                Topics include Wheelock G. Veazey’s position as field officer of the day, the lack of sleep the soldiers are experiencing, and the ease with which the Rebels could attack the Regiment.

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                                                  Title:   Wheelock G. Veazey to Julia A. Veazey

                                                  Creator:  Veazey, Wheelock G., 1835-1898

                                                  Date:  [1861]-09-22

                                                  Resource type:   correspondence

                                                  Topics include an attack made on the Californians and a counterattack, as well as Wheelock G. Veazey’s personal opinion on the difference between killing a rebel and murder.

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