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Vermonters in the Civil War

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Collection Overview

Vermont soldiers in the Civil War wrote an enormous quantity of letters and diaries, of which many thousands have survived in libraries, historical societies, and in private hands. This collection represents a selection of letters and diaries from the University of Vermont and the Vermont Historical Society.

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Time Period Covered: January 1, 1861 - February 28, 1864 


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Browsing by:    Topic: ("United StatesArmy.Vermont Infantry Regiment, 5th (1861-1865)") remove term

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Title:   Charles C. Canning to William Wirt Henry

Creator:  Canning, Charles C., b. 1828

Date:  1862-07-18

Resource type:   correspondence

Topics include the movement of the regiment to Harrison's Landing, the extensive loss in the 5th Vermont Regiment (Battle of Savage's Station, June 29, 1862), the arrest of Captain Eaton, and a request for a few goods from home.

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    Title:   Charles F. Bancroft to Family

    Creator:  Bancroft, Charles F., d. 1862

    Date:  1862-04-06

    Resource type:   correspondence

    Topics include taking possession of Shelman's Mill, the men killed and wounded by the Rebels, and an account of brief skirmishes. Bancroft describes abandoned Rebel fortifications and odd items left behind. Senses that greater fighting is about to begin, and indeed, the so-called siege of Yorktown, Va. dates from this period. In a lighter moment, Bancroft expresses his gratitude for the green tea he received from home: "there is nothing better for a soldier on a march than a cup of tea."

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      Title:   George W. Quimby to Emeline B. Masta

      Creator:  Quimby, George W., 1835-1862

      Date:  1862-01-26

      Resource type:   correspondence

      Topics include a "miniature" (porttrait?) that Quimby wants to send home; instructions for his sister to collect on a debt owed by Captain Tucker; and expectation of the Regiment advancing. The order to advance would come from Lincoln himself on Jan. 27, 1862, and would be his first General War Order.

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        Title:   George W. Quimby to Emeline B. Masta

        Creator:  Quimby, George W., 1835-1862

        Date:  1862-02-10

        Resource type:   correspondence

        Topics include descriptions of George W. Quimby’s superior officers, plus an incident that led to the arrest of a commanding officer, who was later exonerated.

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          Title:   George W. Quimby to Emeline B. Masta

          Creator:  Quimby, George W., 1835-1862

          Date:  1862-01-20

          Resource type:   correspondence

          Topics include the terrible weather at Camp Griffin, Va. and the numerous deaths from sicknesses such as Typhoid Fever. "Smith's Division" refers to the Vt. 5th Infantry Regiment under the command of Gen. William F. "Baldy" Smith.

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            Title:   Henry Harrison Wilder to Mother

            Creator:  Wilder, Henry Harrison

            Date:  1861-11-15

            Resource type:   correspondence

            Henry writes from Camp Griffin, Va. of a grave marker being made for Potter who died of consumption, of acknowledging that two months have passed since leaving home, of going on picket duty, of the expected presence of McClellan and of there being 30,000 men on the parade ground.

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              Title:   Henry Harrison Wilder to Mother

              Creator:  Wilder, Henry Harrison

              Date:  1861-11-11

              Resource type:   correspondence

              Henry writes a solemn letter about the death from consumption of his tent mate, Adams Potter of Cornwall, of his plans to write to friends and family.

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                Title:   Henry Harrison Wilder to Mother

                Creator:  Wilder, Henry Harrison

                Date:  1862-05-07

                Resource type:   correspondence

                Topics include a description of the Union Victory since that at Yorktown, which may include the Battle of Williamsburg (May 5, 1862).

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                  Title:   Henry Harrison Wilder to Mother

                  Creator:  Wilder, Henry Harrison

                  Date:  1861-10-12

                  Resource type:   correspondence

                  Topics include advancing on the Rebels to Prospect Hill, a battle at Hatteras Inlet where the Rebels lost many men, and two Rebels at Camp Advance that were taken prisoners. Reference to Gen. Scott, to Bull Run, to plenty of chestnuts available to eat. Also mentions the opinion that many believe the war will be short (six months)

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                    Title:   Wheelock G. Veazey to Julia A. Veazey

                    Creator:  Veazey, Wheelock G., 1835-1898

                    Date:  1862-05-[2?]

                    Resource type:   correspondence

                    From headquarters 5th Vt Vols, Smith's Division topics include the sickness of the field officers of the 5th Vermont Regiment and the temporary promotion of Wheelock Veazey to head the regiment until the others return to health.

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                      Title:   Wheelock G. Veazey to Julia A. Veazey

                      Creator:  Veazey, Wheelock G., 1835-1898

                      Date:  1862-06-01

                      Resource type:   correspondence

                      Writing from camp near Cold Harbor, Virginia topics include the one year anniversary of the Veazey’s marriage to Julia, the defeat of the rebels on numerous fronts, his opinion and description of the horrors of war, fighting with the 5th Vermont Regiment, reference to General Porter, General McClellan.

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                        Title:   [Henry Harrison Wilder] to ?

                        Creator:  Wilder, Henry Harrison

                        Date:  1861-09-19

                        Resource type:   correspondence

                        Henry writes from Camp Holbrooke in St. Albans (5th Regiment Vt Volunteers Co. B) that he is taking a route on the east side of the mountain instead of the Rutland and Burlington Railroad.

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                          Title:   [Henry Harrison Wilder] to Mother

                          Creator:  Wilder, Henry Harrison

                          Date:  1861-09-30

                          Resource type:   correspondence

                          Henry writes from his camp at Chain Bridge of his journey made by the 5th Regiment of Vermont Volunteers from Springfield to Washington D.C. and on to Marellian Hill and then to Chain Bridge. Speaks of soldiers being shot almost everyday by the Rebels and of orders to march to Fairfax Court, requests postage stamps.

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                            Title:   [Henry Harrison Wilder] to Mother

                            Creator:  Wilder, Henry Harrison

                            Date:  1861-09-22

                            Resource type:   correspondence

                            Henry writes from Camp Holbrooke in St. Albans of the 5th Vt Vol Regiment to his mother about rainy weather, acting as Corporal of the Guard, and receiving pay for his services and talks about how his pay should be handled.

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