page top

Vermonters in the Civil War

Bookbag (0)
collection image

Collection Overview

Vermont soldiers in the Civil War wrote an enormous quantity of letters and diaries, of which many thousands have survived in libraries, historical societies, and in private hands. This collection represents a selection of letters and diaries from the University of Vermont and the Vermont Historical Society.

More...

Time Period Covered: January 1, 1861 - February 28, 1864 


Search Collection:
within

Browse Options

Creator(s)

Recipient(s)

More...

Place(s)

More...

Format(s)

Genre(s)

Topic(s)

More...

Browsing by:    Topic: ("United StatesArmy.Vermont Infantry Regiment, 8th (1861-1865)") remove term

Add to bookbag

Title:   Francis C. Williams to Frederick Holbrook

Creator:  Williams, Francis C.

Date:  1862-04-25

Resource type:   correspondence

Topics include the regiment being situated at Camp on Ship Island, the establishment of (religious?) services on Tuesdays, and the intellectual capacity of the men of the Vermont regiments.

Matches [0]:


    Add to bookbag

    Title:   Frederick Holbrook to John Wolcott Phelps

    Creator:  Holbrook, Frederick

    Date:  1861-11-29

    Resource type:   correspondence

    Topics include Brig. Gen. John Wolcott Phelps' commanding Butler's New England Division and inviting Frederick Holbrook's son William to be his Aid-de-Camp. Mention of 7th Vermont Regiment (the old 1st reorganized) also being attached to Butler, of Lt. Roberts being given Colonelcy of the 7th, of Major Kimball of the New Jersey 9th for Lt. Col. of the 8th Regiment, reference to Thanksgiving Proclamation.

    Matches [0]:


      Add to bookbag

      Title:   Frederick Holbrook to John Wolcott Phelps

      Creator:  Holbrook, Frederick

      Date:  1862-03-06

      Resource type:   correspondence

      In his letter to General Phelps, Frederick Holbrook, Governor of Vermont (1861-1863), expresses his admiration for several Union officers from Vermont and his pride in the 8th Vt. Regiment. He informs the general that two infantry regiments and two artillery companies are ready to serve. (This is about one month before the Union attack on New Orleans, launched in part from Ship Island, just off the coast of Mississippi.) Holbrook explains that they would have been sent a month earlier "had Government been ready with funds." He looks forward to seeing Phelps again after the war.

      Matches [0]:


        Add to bookbag

        Title:   Frederick Holbrook to John Wolcott Phelps

        Creator:  Holbrook, Frederick

        Date:  1862-03-10

        Resource type:   correspondence

        Upbeat letter delivered to Gen. Phelps by the writer's son, William C. Holbrook, who apparently turned down an offer to join Phelps's staff. The writer, Gov. Holbrook, lavishes praise on Vermont officers and soldiers (including his son), and sends warm wishes for success to Phelps, sharing his conviction that "the Union Cause must triumph." Holbrook concludes with some reflections on the difficulty of being a wartime governor.

        Matches [0]:


          Add to bookbag

          Title:   Frederick Holbrook to John Wolcott Phelps

          Creator:  Holbrook, Frederick

          Date:  1862-05-02

          Resource type:   correspondence

          Topics include the arrival of the 7th and 8th Vermont Regiments at Ship Island, off the coast of Miss., and arrangements with the War Department for wounded troops to be sent home. Holbrook mentions the Battle of Yorktown (April 5-May 4, 1862), esp. the "affair" on April 16 that left ca. 100 Vermont soldiers wounded. Holbrook is in charge of the U.S. Marine Hospital in Burlington, Vt.

          Matches [0]:


            Add to bookbag

            Title:   Frederick Holbrook to John Wolcott Phelps

            Creator:  Holbrook, Frederick

            Date:  1862-07-27

            Resource type:   correspondence

            Topics include the President calling for 300,000 additional troops, the wish that the National Government will develop a decisive policy to "proclaim war to the knife," and a description of Frederick Holbrook's son Major Will. Holbrook continues to express his admiration for Phelps and offer him greater forces to command.

            Matches [0]:


              Add to bookbag

              Title:   Frederick Holbrook to John Wolcott Phelps

              Creator:  Holbrook, Frederick

              Date:  1862-08-08

              Resource type:   correspondence

              Topics include Mrs. Holbrook requesting General Phelps to forward her letters to her son and Frederick Holbrook inquiring after the sick men and the number of surgeons. Holbrook expresses frustration that the Vt. Regiments (7th & 8th) are still not under Phelps's command, per an agreement with Gen. Butler. Holbrook also mentions Phelps's "Dark Brigade," black troops that Phelps recruited in Louisiana without permission from the War Dept. (Phelps resigned in Aug., 1862.)

              Matches [0]:


                Add to bookbag

                Title:   J. Gregory Smith to William C. Holbrook

                Creator:  Smith, J. Gregory

                Date:  1864-04-25

                Resource type:   correspondence

                Topics include a proposal to brigade the 7th, 8th, 9th, and 10th Vermont Regiments and the decision from the War Department in Washington to set a definitive date for the end of the regiments’ term.

                Matches [0]:


                  Add to bookbag

                  Title:   John Lester Barstow to ?

                  Creator:  Barstow, John Lester, 1832-1913

                  Date:  1862-05-18

                  Resource type:   correspondence

                  Comfortable lodgings of the regiment in New Orleans, the cost of food items, and the ruined state of New Orleans when the Vermont Regiment arrived, interaction with the Negroes.

                  Matches [0]:


                    Add to bookbag

                    Title:   John Lester Barstow to Father

                    Creator:  Barstow, John Lester, 1832-1913

                    Date:  1862-12-28

                    Resource type:   correspondence

                    Writes of fleeing of Rebels to Texas, the destruction and loss of property near New Orleans, his observations about the area where he is & the hardships of wartime he has experience, placement of the pickets, richness of the soil, high value of the sugar crop and Barstow’s belief that the war must not end until the Union is restored.

                    Matches [0]:


                      Add to bookbag

                      Title:   John Lester Barstow to Laura

                      Creator:  Barstow, John Lester, 1832-1913

                      Date:  1862-05-03

                      Resource type:   correspondence

                      Topics include an overview of the daily schedule in camp, firing on Fort Jackson and Fort St. Philips by General Butler, General Phelps, and about 10,000 men that lasted for three days, and orders for the rest of the regiment to head for New Orleans.

                      Matches [0]:


                        Add to bookbag

                        Title:   John Lester Barstow to Laura

                        Creator:  Barstow, John Lester, 1832-1913

                        Date:  1862-05-11

                        Resource type:   correspondence

                        Being aboard the ship “Jamis Hovey” on the Mississippi River on the way to New Orleans, the difficulty of the journey from Ship Island to New Orleans, and the initial observations upon the arrival in New Orleans.

                        Matches [0]:


                          Add to bookbag

                          Title:   John Lester Barstow to Laura

                          Creator:  Barstow, John Lester, 1832-1913

                          Date:  1862-11-23

                          Resource type:   correspondence

                          Written in the field he writes of idleness of the Regiment since its arrival on the banks of the Bayon and the help the Negroes are receiving from the government, the lack of coffee, poor quality flour, no salt, spoiled meat causing disease, exorbitant prices for food.

                          Matches [0]:


                            Add to bookbag

                            Title:   John Lester Barstow to Laura

                            Creator:  Barstow, John Lester, 1832-1913

                            Date:  1862-12-14

                            Resource type:   correspondence

                            General Banks supersedes General Butler, the capture of one of the rebel officers, and the dishonorable discharge of Lieutenant Day.

                            Matches [0]:


                              Add to bookbag

                              Title:   John Lester Barstow to Laura

                              Creator:  Barstow, John Lester, 1832-1913

                              Date:  1863-04-22

                              Resource type:   correspondence

                              Writing laying on the ground from Opelousas La. topics include the regiment moving and having an exchange of fire with the rebels, at last receiving letters dated Feb 28th and Mar. 10th, he being a Captain must walk (not ride according to regulations), his feet now sore and blistered, the men who were wounded in this exchange, and the regiment's plan to go to the Red River to attack Port Hudson or Vicksburg, regrets the lack of writing paper and pen.

                              Matches [0]:


                                Add to bookbag

                                Title:   John Lester Barstow to Laura

                                Creator:  Barstow, John Lester, 1832-1913

                                Date:  1863-10-25

                                Resource type:   correspondence

                                Two letters dated Oct 25 and Oct 27 with topics including marching, waiting, more marching, more waiting, lack of food due to road conditions, unable to forage for food, hot days, cold nights, the importance of picket duty, the unpopularity of General William B. Franklin, and the army returning to New Iberia, fear that mail may be lost due to capture of wagons by Rebels and fear to send any money by mail.

                                Matches [0]:


                                  Add to bookbag

                                  Title:   John Lester Barstow to Laura

                                  Creator:  Barstow, John Lester, 1832-1913

                                  Date:  1864-01-10

                                  Resource type:   correspondence

                                  Detailed description of horrid wet, cold & muddy camp conditions in Louisiana, damage to military equipment, loss of horses & mules from marching in deep mud, African American man servants (aids) risking life and limb to cross river to aid soldiers crossing, pillaging of Southern sympathizer's property and livestock for use by the Union soldiers, papers accusing Gen. William B. Franklin of being a coward and half-traitor, crossing the Potomac to resupply.

                                  Matches [0]:


                                    Add to bookbag

                                    Title:   John Lester Barstow to Laura

                                    Creator:  Barstow, John Lester, 1832-1913

                                    Date:  1864-01-21

                                    Resource type:   correspondence

                                    Receipt of ambrotype (photograph) of his son, Freddie, sending photos of himself home, request for photograph of Laura & Freddie, sending money, anticipation for the war's end.

                                    Matches [0]:


                                      Add to bookbag

                                      Title:   John Lester Barstow to Laura

                                      Creator:  Barstow, John Lester, 1832-1913

                                      Date:  1864-02-04

                                      Resource type:   correspondence

                                      Writes of warming of days but continued nightly chills and fever, illness of Capt. George N. Carpenter, reenlisting of many of the men but they being kept in suspense over whether or not their re-enlistments are accepted due to possible replacement soldiers coming in, vents about poor living conditions affecting his general health. Letter ends mid sentence.

                                      Matches [0]:


                                        Add to bookbag

                                        Title:   John Lester Barstow to Laura

                                        Creator:  Barstow, John Lester, 1832-1913

                                        Date:  1864-02-21

                                        Resource type:   correspondence

                                        Topics include much activity in camp, the reenlisting of 361 men, news from Washington about enlistment dates, reorganizing of divisions 7 brigades, Col. Stephen Thomas in command of regiment but no longer in command of brigade, the death of two in New Orleans from illness, reference to Gen. Nathaniel Prentiss Banks.

                                        Matches [0]:


                                          Add to bookbag

                                          Title:   John Lester Barstow to Laura

                                          Creator:  Barstow, John Lester, 1832-1913

                                          Date:  1864-04-12

                                          Resource type:   correspondence

                                          Topics include the battle of Mansfield (April 8, Red River Expedition) fought near Natchitoches, La. and Barstow’s determination to keep his troops prepared for battle, keeping his camp clean, the touching goodbyes of parting regiments.

                                          Matches [0]:


                                            Add to bookbag

                                            Title:   John Lester Barstow to Laura

                                            Creator:  Barstow, John Lester, 1832-1913

                                            Date:  1864-05-09

                                            Resource type:   correspondence

                                            Topics include traveling by railroad to report to Col. Hannibal Day for further orders, disruption of the rails, preparing to lead forces unsupervised by higher command, false lead on expected fight with two enemy cavalry, village of 3000 set afire by small rebel force, great confusion, confidence in Gen. Grant, concern for his health & safe return if not given time to rest.

                                            Matches [0]:


                                              Add to bookbag

                                              Title:   Justus E. Gale to Family

                                              Creator:  Gale, Justus F., 1837-1863

                                              Date:  1862-08-31

                                              Resource type:   correspondence

                                              Topics include a train crash, confiscating rebel property including horses, cattle, sheep and mules. Writes of having plenty of food on their travel back to camp including dining on lamb. Provided a meal at an old planters house. Mentions Negroes (slaves) and 1500 Blacks at camp, sending troops to Gen. Phelps, the expectation of getting paid, rebels killed in an encounter with the enemy.

                                              Matches [0]:


                                                Add to bookbag

                                                Title:   Justus E. Gale to Father

                                                Creator:  Gale, Justus F., 1837-1863

                                                Date:  1862-03-04

                                                Resource type:   correspondence

                                                Writing to his father from Brattleboro topics include the duties of an orderly for a Colonel, the improved health of Justus Gale, and the expected journey to New York.

                                                Matches [0]:


                                                  Add to bookbag

                                                  Title:   Justus E. Gale to Father

                                                  Creator:  Gale, Justus F., 1837-1863

                                                  Date:  1862-03-28

                                                  Resource type:   correspondence

                                                  Two letters one dated March 28th and one April 6th.Topics include a description of the journey to Ship Island, Mississippi, being seasick, about the food and hard bread, poor quality water and little of it, writes of his faith in God and his sighting of the island.

                                                  Matches [0]: