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Vermonters in the Civil War

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Collection Overview

Vermont soldiers in the Civil War wrote an enormous quantity of letters and diaries, of which many thousands have survived in libraries, historical societies, and in private hands. This collection represents a selection of letters and diaries from the University of Vermont and the Vermont Historical Society.

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Time Period Covered: January 1, 1861 - February 28, 1864 


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Browsing by:    Topic: ("War Economic aspects") remove term

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Title:   Henry A. Smith to Clarissa A. Smith

Creator:  Smith, Henry A., d. 1864

Date:  1863-02-25

Resource type:   correspondence

Topics include the weather, the capture of some Confederate officers by a scouting party, his advice to his mother about the farm, and the lack of specie in the area due to the war. Still needs a pair of socks.

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    Title:   Henry Harrison Wilder to Mother

    Creator:  Wilder, Henry Harrison

    Date:  1862-06-25

    Resource type:   correspondence

    Topics include Captain E. S. Stowell heading for Vermont to become a Major in the 9th Regiment, the death of Wilder's Aunt, and Wilder receiving his pay the next day. June 25 marks the beginning of the failed campaign against Richmond known as The Seven Days.

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      Title:   John Lester Barstow to Father

      Creator:  Barstow, John Lester, 1832-1913

      Date:  1862-12-28

      Resource type:   correspondence

      Writes of fleeing of Rebels to Texas, the destruction and loss of property near New Orleans, his observations about the area where he is & the hardships of wartime he has experience, placement of the pickets, richness of the soil, high value of the sugar crop and Barstow’s belief that the war must not end until the Union is restored.

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        Title:   Joseph Rutherford to [Hannah Rutherford]

        Creator:  Rutherford, Joseph Chase, 1818-1902

        Date:  1863-10-22

        Resource type:   correspondence

        From Catlett's Station, Virginia on the Orange & Alexandria Rail Road, Virginia topics include a description of a battle with Stuart's men near the Bull Run location in which the Union was victorious, many killed, wounded, artillery captured, wrote the newspapers were mistaken as to the outcome of the battle, his cost of living, high cost of food, glad for the comfort of Rutherford’s family at home, and marching to continue.

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          Title:   Joseph Rutherford to [Hannah Rutherford]

          Creator:  Rutherford, Joseph Chase, 1818-1902

          Date:  1863-11-19

          Resource type:   correspondence

          Topics include sending military pay home, of high cost of food, the lack of food, wishing to hear more often from home and Colonel Henry taking a leave due to sickness.

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            Title:   Lyman S. Williams to Lois L. Williams

            Date:  1862-05-18

            Resource type:   correspondence

            Topics include the hard marching to a camp owned by the rebel Colonel Lee and requests for items to be sent from home.

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              Title:   Wheelock G. Veazey to Julia A. Veazey

              Creator:  Veazey, Wheelock G., 1835-1898

              Date:  [1861]-12-01

              Resource type:   correspondence

              Topics include a brief description of the Thanksgiving celebrations and a description of a trip to Washington.

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                Title:   Wheelock G. Veazey to Julia A. Veazey

                Creator:  Veazey, Wheelock G., 1835-1898

                Date:  1861-12-15

                Resource type:   correspondence

                Topics include Wheelock G. Veazey’s dismay that some people from home believe the pay soldiers receive should be decreased.

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                  Title:   William Bruidnell and Francis Finnegan to William Wirt Henry

                  Creator:  Bruidnell, William, b. 1842; Finnegan

                  Date:  1862-08-09

                  Resource type:   correspondence

                  Topics include a request for pay amounting to $116 and an update on the leaders of the Vermont Regiment.

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                    Title:   William Wirt Henry to Mary Jane Henry

                    Creator:  Henry, William Wirt, 1831-1915

                    Date:  1863-09-01

                    Resource type:   correspondence

                    Misses his children, worries that his son Ferdie’s fits (Ferdinand Sherman Henry, born 1862) might have affected his intellect. Glad Mary Jane is horseback riding, reflects on losing precious time with family, wants his father-in-law (Lyman Beebe) to purchase sheep for him, since he feels they are a good speculation.

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