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Vermonters in the Civil War

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Collection Overview

Vermont soldiers in the Civil War wrote an enormous quantity of letters and diaries, of which many thousands have survived in libraries, historical societies, and in private hands. This collection represents a selection of letters and diaries from the University of Vermont and the Vermont Historical Society.

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Time Period Covered: January 1, 1861 - February 28, 1864 


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Browsing by:    Author: ("Henry, William Wirt, 1831-1915") remove term

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Title:   William Wirt Henry to James Edwin Henry

Creator:  Henry, William Wirt, 1831-1915

Date:  1863-09-11

Resource type:   correspondence

Quiet now, no action, just picket and drill. Also this letter to his brother, James Edwin Henry, discusses an advertisement for a patent medicine sold by his business in Vermont that is causing problems for their surgeon Dr. Willard A. Childe, and asking that the advertisement be removed. He also writes of a soldier named Justin (possibly Justin Carter), the difficulty he has had in keeping him from being cashiered and of praise from General Meade.

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    Title:   William Wirt Henry to James Edwin Henry

    Creator:  Henry, William Wirt, 1831-1915

    Date:  1864-08-08

    Resource type:   correspondence

    Henry writes that General Sheridan has taken command of the army, and he expects more fighting, though he thinks Sheridan will have to look “smart” since the army is so large that the Rebels can get out of its way. However, he feels it is large enough to take on both General Early and General Breckinridge combined. He also writes that the regiment moved to Halltown by train, which pleased the troops, since they were tired of marching. As well, he warns his wife that the regiment will probably be moving out of range of mail deliveries, but he wishes her to continue to write him often.

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      Title:   William Wirt Henry to John Henry

      Creator:  Henry, William Wirt, 1831-1915

      Date:  1861-10-08

      Resource type:   correspondence

      October 8, 1861 from Camp Advance, Virginia near Chain Bridge. Writes of family business, men to camp for the winter a little south of Virginia, desire to be Quartermaster.

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        Title:   William Wirt Henry to John Henry

        Creator:  Henry, William Wirt, 1831-1915

        Date:  1861-10-12

        Resource type:   correspondence

        Writes from Camp Griffin near Lewinsville about eating too many chestnuts that made him sick, of family business, of having had enough war and ready to go home.

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          Title:   William Wirt Henry to John Henry

          Creator:  Henry, William Wirt, 1831-1915

          Date:  1862-09-01

          Resource type:   correspondence

          Topics include the continued sickness of Katie, being mustered into the United States Service, and the commission as Major of the 10th Regiment.

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            Title:   William Wirt Henry to John Henry

            Creator:  Henry, William Wirt, 1831-1915

            Date:  1862-09-11

            Resource type:   correspondence

            Writing from Camp Chase, Va. topics include the death of Henry's sister Katie and the journey to Camp from Brattleboro, aboard the train to New Haven, on the steamer Continental to New York, on to Philadelphia and then to Baltimore and finally Washington, D.C. and on to his camp just beyond Fairfax, Va.under the command of Brig. Gen. Briggs of MA

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              Title:   William Wirt Henry to John Henry

              Creator:  Henry, William Wirt, 1831-1915

              Date:  1862-10-17

              Resource type:   correspondence

              Writes of his religious faith, of his wife's "hour of trouble", the regiment being under a new general (Brigadier General Cuvier Grover, III Corps, Army of the Potomac), the resignation of Lieutenant Colonel Edson and the likely promotion of himself from Major to Lt. Col.

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                Title:   William Wirt Henry to John Henry

                Creator:  Henry, William Wirt, 1831-1915

                Date:  1863-01-27

                Resource type:   correspondence

                Letter giving details some of camp life, and activities while at winter quarters. Discusses dinner with Mr. Trundell, a prominent Maryland family, news concerning friends, family and plans for Mary Jane to come visit.

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                  Title:   William Wirt Henry to John Henry

                  Creator:  Henry, William Wirt, 1831-1915

                  Date:  1863-06-10

                  Resource type:   correspondence

                  News about the money sent home, wishing his family was in camp with him especially his young daughter, admonishing his wife to practice riding so she can ride with him when she comes South, states other wives are planning to be in camp next winter, credits his "old saddle horse" as being the best riding horse.

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                    Title:   William Wirt Henry to John Henry

                    Creator:  Henry, William Wirt, 1831-1915

                    Date:  1863-09-10

                    Resource type:   correspondence

                    Written in the field, letter discusses General Morris’ leave of absence, which would leave Major Henry in charge of the Brigade as ranking officer, as well as the possible quick return of Colonel Jewett when he finds out that he would be in command of the Brigade.

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                      Title:   William Wirt Henry to John Henry

                      Creator:  Henry, William Wirt, 1831-1915

                      Date:  1863-09-14

                      Resource type:   correspondence

                      Letter discusses his being appointed Division Officer of the Day, of fighting with cannon fire being heard, of indifference to it, the questionable behavior of Colonel A. B. Jewett, complains Jewett becomes ill whenever difficulties arise and Henry has to do the work, requests that the information provided remain confidential. The arrival of the paymaster with intention of sending money home soon, as well as the behavior of Justin (possibly Justin Carter).

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                        Title:   William Wirt Henry to Mary Jane Henry

                        Creator:  Henry, William Wirt, 1831-1915

                        Date:  1861-09-27

                        Resource type:   correspondence

                        September 9, 1861 from Camp Advance near Chain Bridge. Writes of the men being sent out to steal food near Lewinsville, Leesburgh road, casualties, picket duty.

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                          Title:   William Wirt Henry to Mary Jane Henry

                          Creator:  Henry, William Wirt, 1831-1915

                          Date:  1861-09-29

                          Resource type:   correspondence

                          September 29, 1861 from Camp Advance, Virginia. Writes of Second Vermont ordered out, casualties due to troop confusion and friendly fire, Munsons Hill, picket duty.

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                            Title:   William Wirt Henry to Mary Jane Henry

                            Creator:  Henry, William Wirt, 1831-1915

                            Date:  1861-10-08

                            Resource type:   correspondence

                            October 8, 1861 from Camp Advance, Virginia. Writes of kindness from Col Stannard, wet weather, grand review of artillery by Genl. McClellan, illness among the men including homesickness and Typhoid Fever, family business.

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                              Title:   William Wirt Henry to Mary Jane Henry

                              Creator:  Henry, William Wirt, 1831-1915

                              Date:  1861-10-16

                              Resource type:   correspondence

                              Writes of feeling better from eating to many chestnuts, took Hibbards Pills, rustling cattle, pickets meeting up with Rebels with some, mentions friends and family life, misses his wife and young daughter Mollie.

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                                Title:   William Wirt Henry to Mary Jane Henry

                                Creator:  Henry, William Wirt, 1831-1915

                                Date:  1861-11-04

                                Resource type:   correspondence

                                Writes of waiting for discharge papers from Washington, D.C. and complains of how long it is taking, willing to wait for Vermont soldiers to be paid so he can bring the pay home to their families, no military action except a lot of drilling.

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                                  Title:   William Wirt Henry to Mary Jane Henry

                                  Creator:  Henry, William Wirt, 1831-1915

                                  Date:  1862-01-19

                                  Resource type:   correspondence

                                  Topics include William Henry's arrival at Camp Griffin, Virginia ; the men petitioning for Lt. Henry to be their captain ; mentions not yet receiving Elixir yet but has high hopes of sell a lot of it.

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                                    Title:   William Wirt Henry to Mary Jane Henry

                                    Creator:  Henry, William Wirt, 1831-1915

                                    Date:  1862-01-22

                                    Resource type:   correspondence

                                    Topics include Captain Dillingham returning to Brattleboro, the recommendation of Lieutenant Johnson for Captain, deep mud all over camp restricting movement, expecting the Elixir soon and hopes to sell it, the number of deaths in the regiment, and a description of Ed Wells.

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                                      Title:   William Wirt Henry to Mary Jane Henry

                                      Creator:  Henry, William Wirt, 1831-1915

                                      Date:  1862-01-26

                                      Resource type:   correspondence

                                      Topics include the hardships of camp life, the sickness of Henry Daniels, wishing to be on his way home, selling the Elixir and liniment for twenty five dollars in two days.

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                                        Title:   William Wirt Henry to Mary Jane Henry

                                        Creator:  Henry, William Wirt, 1831-1915

                                        Date:  1862-02-03

                                        Resource type:   correspondence

                                        Topics include the terrible muddy weather at Camp Griffin, Va. restricting moving about, not selling much Elixir due to the mud and restriction of movement, the living arrangements with Dr. Carpenter, how he spends his time in camp with visiting, going to the Sutlers, playing a card game Euchre with Col. Stannard, wishing to be home to play with his young daughter and sends money home to his wife.

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                                          Title:   William Wirt Henry to Mary Jane Henry

                                          Creator:  Henry, William Wirt, 1831-1915

                                          Date:  1862-02-09

                                          Resource type:   correspondence

                                          Topics include Captain Johnson taking command of Company D, the illness of a few men, the possibility of Ned Wells returning home, Henry's side business not doing as well now as the men are out of money to spend, mud prevents drills so men study tactics and go on picket only once every five days.

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                                            Title:   William Wirt Henry to Mary Jane Henry

                                            Creator:  Henry, William Wirt, 1831-1915

                                            Date:  1862-02-14

                                            Resource type:   correspondence

                                            Topics include William Henry missing his wife, having gained weight and health is good, of being glad he did not become the Captain of Company D, reference to a bill to disband the Bands, mentions his side business of selling to the men being pretty slim as he has "got them most all cured up", reference to the fall of Roanoke Island, North Carolina (February 7& 8, 1862) under the leadership of Ambrose Burnside, has sent money home,

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                                              Title:   William Wirt Henry to Mary Jane Henry

                                              Creator:  Henry, William Wirt, 1831-1915

                                              Date:  1862-02-16

                                              Resource type:   correspondence

                                              Still at Camp Griffin, Va. topics include a love letter to William Henry's wife, the expected discharge of Ned Wells, of himself heading for home even if Wells is not discharged.

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                                                Title:   William Wirt Henry to Mary Jane Henry

                                                Creator:  Henry, William Wirt, 1831-1915

                                                Date:  1862-02-23

                                                Resource type:   correspondence

                                                Topics include a travel route planned to return home via Annapolis, Brattleboro and maybe even Burlington, the capture of 18 Rebel prisoners near Fairfax, and the hope of one of the wounded prisoners, a Virginian, to retake the oath to become a citizen of the United States again, reference to a Flag of Truce to send a letter to the Confederate Army, his side business doing poorly as the men have expected orders to move and the Sutlers not buying for the same reason.

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                                                  Title:   William Wirt Henry to Mary Jane Henry

                                                  Creator:  Henry, William Wirt, 1831-1915

                                                  Date:  1862-08-13

                                                  Resource type:   correspondence

                                                  A brief letter writing from camp in Brattleboro, Vt. topics include the birth of Henry's baby boy and a possible promotion to Major.

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