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Vermonters in the Civil War

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Collection Overview

Vermont soldiers in the Civil War wrote an enormous quantity of letters and diaries, of which many thousands have survived in libraries, historical societies, and in private hands. This collection represents a selection of letters and diaries from the University of Vermont and the Vermont Historical Society.

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Time Period Covered: January 1, 1861 - February 28, 1864 


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Browsing by:    Format: ("text") remove term  Topic: ("United StatesArmy.Vermont Infantry Regiment, 8th (1861-1865)") remove term

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Title:   Justus E. Gale to Family

Creator:  Gale, Justus F., 1837-1863

Date:  1862-08-31

Resource type:   correspondence

Topics include a train crash, confiscating rebel property including horses, cattle, sheep and mules. Writes of having plenty of food on their travel back to camp including dining on lamb. Provided a meal at an old planters house. Mentions Negroes (slaves) and 1500 Blacks at camp, sending troops to Gen. Phelps, the expectation of getting paid, rebels killed in an encounter with the enemy.

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    Title:   Justus E. Gale to Father

    Creator:  Gale, Justus F., 1837-1863

    Date:  1862-03-04

    Resource type:   correspondence

    Writing to his father from Brattleboro topics include the duties of an orderly for a Colonel, the improved health of Justus Gale, and the expected journey to New York.

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      Title:   Justus E. Gale to Father

      Creator:  Gale, Justus F., 1837-1863

      Date:  1862-03-28

      Resource type:   correspondence

      Two letters one dated March 28th and one April 6th.Topics include a description of the journey to Ship Island, Mississippi, being seasick, about the food and hard bread, poor quality water and little of it, writes of his faith in God and his sighting of the island.

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        Title:   Justus E. Gale to Father

        Creator:  Gale, Justus F., 1837-1863

        Date:  1862-12-13

        Resource type:   correspondence

        Topics include the health of Justus Gale, the mistaken attack (friendly fire) by the Indiana regiment, the process of making sugar done by the slaves, and the daily drilling in camp.

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          Title:   Justus E. Gale to Sister

          Creator:  Gale, Justus F., 1837-1863

          Date:  1862-11-29

          Resource type:   correspondence

          Topics include the movement of the regiment to Brashear City, of city purchases by Justus Gale of barrels of apples which he resold by the piece, of buying tobacco, postage stamps, writing supplies, local terms for cash money, of commanding officers of 3rd Louisiana colored regiment and the dry weather.

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            Title:   Justus E. Gale to Sister and Mother

            Creator:  Gale, Justus F., 1837-1863

            Date:  1862-11-25

            Resource type:   correspondence

            Topics include a summary of the health of Justus Gale’s family, makes references to his faith, the movement of the regiment to Brashear City, a scene in camp as soldiers go about various activities, and the warm weather.

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              Title:   Justus F. Gale to Brother

              Creator:  Gale, Justus F., 1837-1863

              Date:  1862-02-07

              Resource type:   correspondence

              Writing from Brattleboro, Vermont, topics include news of bombardment of Fort Henry on the Tennessee River (February 6, 1862) by Commodore Andrew Hull Foote (officer of the U.S. Navy) and General Ulysses S. Grant, a skirmish that resulted in finding a barrel of rum, food sometimes good but not the hash made in camp and the vaccination of the company for pox.

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                Title:   Justus F. Gale to Brother

                Creator:  Gale, Justus F., 1837-1863

                Date:  1862-02-27

                Resource type:   correspondence

                Writing to his brother from Brattleboro topics include Justus Gale’s journey and arrival back at Camp Holbrook after having gone home to Elmore, Vermont for a visit, the expectation of receiving pay, and the possibility of leaving for Ship Island, Mississippi soon.

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                  Title:   Justus F. Gale to Brother

                  Creator:  Gale, Justus F., 1837-1863

                  Date:  1862-03-01

                  Resource type:   correspondence

                  Topics include the improvement of Justus Gale’s health, over $60 of military pay sent home, trading for a watch and the anticipated journey to New York and then on to Ship Island, Mississippi.

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                    Title:   Justus F. Gale to Brother

                    Creator:  Gale, Justus F., 1837-1863

                    Date:  1862-04-05

                    Resource type:   correspondence

                    Two letters, dated April 5th and 6th he writes from aboard the Ship Wallace heading for Ship Island. Mentions the "sugar place" back home in Elmore, Vt. Topics also include making a little bit of money buying and selling tobacco, the displeasure at having to remain on the ship, and the capture of two rebel steamers up the Mississippi River.

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                      Title:   Justus F. Gale to Brother

                      Creator:  Gale, Justus F., 1837-1863

                      Date:  1862-04-24

                      Resource type:   correspondence

                      Two letters dated April 24th and 25th. Topics include the capture of Fort Jackson(?) ; fort south of the city of New Orleans, Louisiana, [battle April 18-28], the food at camp good except greasy pork meat, and the schedule for the day including battalion drills and dress parade.

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                        Title:   Justus F. Gale to Brother

                        Creator:  Gale, Justus F., 1837-1863

                        Date:  1862-05-25

                        Resource type:   correspondence

                        Topics include the process of choosing new officers and police in New Orleans, Gen. Butler's orders to the N.O. police being refused, illness among some of the soldiers, fruit berries available, other provisions few and expensive, summary of all the letters that have been received by Justus Gale, and how welcome the Vermont regiment is in New Orleans.

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                          Title:   Justus F. Gale to Brother

                          Creator:  Gale, Justus F., 1837-1863

                          Date:  1862-07-04

                          Resource type:   correspondence

                          Topics include the 4th of July celebrations, guard duty of a bridge, diarrhea, accidental gun firing injuring a fellow soldier's hand, plenty of water but it is muddy river water, fresh local fruit and corn, and a brief account of Ship Island including mentioning how "black" the men were (either referring to being unclean or to mood).

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                            Title:   Justus F. Gale to Brother

                            Creator:  Gale, Justus F., 1837-1863

                            Date:  1862-08-01

                            Resource type:   correspondence

                            Topics include the sickness and deaths in the regiment including that of Lucias M Benson of Worcester from diphtheria whom Gale was caring for in the hospital, inquiries about home and family members, the lack of news from Richmond, and the hot weather in Algiers.

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                              Title:   Justus F. Gale to Brother

                              Creator:  Gale, Justus F., 1837-1863

                              Date:  1863-01-04

                              Resource type:   correspondence

                              Topics include a sore on his hand, getting photographs of the family made, his opinion of Captain Luman M. Grout and mention of Grout’s appreciation of Southern ladies, and rumors that Vicksburg has been taken.

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                                Title:   Justus F. Gale to Family

                                Creator:  Gale, Justus F., 1837-1863

                                Date:  1862-07-24

                                Resource type:   correspondence

                                Topics include the sickness and deaths in the regiment due to Typhoid Fever and poor water, a report that Vicksburg was burned, and the call for the 11th and 12th regiments from Vermont.

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                                  Title:   Justus F. Gale to Father

                                  Creator:  Gale, Justus F., 1837-1863

                                  Date:  1862-06-06

                                  Resource type:   correspondence

                                  Topics include the good living conditions in New Orleans, the Indiana regiment taking meat from the rebels, been on cooking duty, good meals, fresh beef, waiting for military pay and the possibility of leaving soon.

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                                    Title:   Justus F. Gale to Father

                                    Creator:  Gale, Justus F., 1837-1863

                                    Date:  1862-07-10

                                    Resource type:   correspondence

                                    Topics include the medicating himself after seeing the doctor twice to rid his diarrhea, taking of Richmond and rebel prisoners, the weather in Algiers, high price of provisions, inquires about family and the plan to go visit friends 4 miles away.

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                                      Title:   Justus F. Gale to Father

                                      Creator:  Gale, Justus F., 1837-1863

                                      Date:  1862-08-08

                                      Resource type:   correspondence

                                      Topics include the good health of Justus Gale, a description of the land in Algiers including deep mud, swamp and tall grasses, and the sickness in the regiment.

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                                        Title:   Justus F. Gale to Father

                                        Creator:  Gale, Justus F., 1837-1863

                                        Date:  1862-11-07

                                        Resource type:   correspondence

                                        Gale writes of his regiment and the rebels, of other troops encountering the enemy who left much camp supplies, cannon, etc. behind, receiving the Green Mountain Freeman, trying to appease both parents concerning the farm and deeding it back to his father, his concerns about his father having another woman in his life and how that affects him, and the expectation that the regiment will return to Algiers.

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                                          Title:   Justus F. Gale to Father

                                          Creator:  Gale, Justus F., 1837-1863

                                          Date:  1863-01-05

                                          Resource type:   correspondence

                                          Topics include arrangements being made between Justus’ father and brother to take care of his father, trying to stop his father from taking a premium heifer, and admonishing his father not to spend money on anything but his own care. He also writes of the weather in Louisiana in the winter and how pleasant it is, except when it rains and gets muddy.

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                                            Title:   Justus F. Gale to Father

                                            Creator:  Gale, Justus F., 1837-1863

                                            Date:  1863-05-13

                                            Resource type:   correspondence

                                            Gale writes to his father a description of the land through which he is marching, as the Brigade travels up and down the Red River in pursuit of Confederate forces. He also gives a short description of the Battle of Fort Bisland, and then goes on to describe the fresh food available to the soldiers. He encloses with the letter a plate he used to eat lunch on that day, made of the bark of a Sweetgum tree, as most of his equipment had to be left at the camp at Brashear City.

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                                              Title:   Justus F. Gale to Mother

                                              Creator:  Gale, Justus F., 1837-1863

                                              Date:  1862-02-21

                                              Resource type:   correspondence

                                              From Brattleboro topics include Justus Gale’s common cold, asking for leave denied, only those with wife and babies being allowed to go home, the rumor that Texas and Tennessee has been ordered to surrender, has received $33 in military pay and the expectation to stay at Camp Holbrook for another month.

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                                                Title:   Justus F. Gale to Mother

                                                Creator:  Gale, Justus F., 1837-1863

                                                Date:  1862-04-06

                                                Resource type:   correspondence

                                                Two letters dated April 4th and 6th. Writing after arriving at Ship Island, Mississippi topics include observing the Sabbath,his devotion for the Bible, arriving on shore, digging and finding plenty of fresh water, being treated with food from the Mass. 30th, thinking war may be over before he gets a chance to fight and the expectation of capturing New Orleans.

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                                                  Title:   Justus F. Gale to Mother

                                                  Creator:  Gale, Justus F., 1837-1863

                                                  Date:  1862-08-19

                                                  Resource type:   correspondence

                                                  Topics include a few deaths in the regiment, a description of the Battle at Baton Rouge (August 5, 1862) , and the resignation and promotions within the regiment.

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