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Vermonters in the Civil War

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Collection Overview

Vermont soldiers in the Civil War wrote an enormous quantity of letters and diaries, of which many thousands have survived in libraries, historical societies, and in private hands. This collection represents a selection of letters and diaries from the University of Vermont and the Vermont Historical Society.

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Time Period Covered: January 1, 1861 - February 28, 1864 


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Browsing by:    Genre: ("correspondence") remove term  Recipient: (",") remove term

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Title:   Henry A. Smith to Family

Creator:  Smith, Henry A., d. 1864

Date:  1862-07-28

Resource type:   correspondence

From Culpeper Court House (Virginia) topics include a list of regiments in the area including the 1st Vt, the hope that Captain Rundlett submits his resignation, the resignation of Colonel Kellogg, the acquiring of double barrel shotguns taken from the citizens, brief reference to Gen. McClellan and Gen. John Pope and the prediction that the war will not last much longer.

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    Title:   Henry A. Smith to Family

    Creator:  Smith, Henry A., d. 1864

    Date:  1862-08-14

    Resource type:   correspondence

    Six miles south of Culpeper (Virginia) two letters included dated Aug 15 and Aug 15. Topics include an exchange of fire near the Orange Court House, the numerous rebel deaths, injuries, and prisoners, and another terrible battle at Culpeper with references to Jackson, Banks and John Pope.

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      Title:   Henry A. Smith to Family

      Creator:  Smith, Henry A., d. 1864

      Date:  1862-01-10

      Resource type:   correspondence

      From Annapolis, Maryland topics include the welcoming in New York City, pay soon and to be in Treasury notes, description and conditions at the camp in Annapolis, 21 horses of the regiment's that died in transport or in the mud since leaving Burlington and a list of items wanted and what type of box they are to be put in.

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        Title:   Henry A. Smith to Family

        Creator:  Smith, Henry A., d. 1864

        Date:  1862-03-30

        Resource type:   correspondence

        Topics include the journey from Annapolis to Harpers Ferry, Henry Smith's good health, liking the hand made shirt he received from home very much, keeps his brandy with him, burning of the post office by the Confederates, requests more postage stamps.

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          Title:   Henry A. Smith to Family

          Creator:  Smith, Henry A., d. 1864

          Date:  1862-05-27

          Resource type:   correspondence

          From Williams Post, Maryland Smith writes 2 letters one dated May 27 and one May 28. (First Battle of Winchester, May 25, 1862). Topics include a terrible battle in and near Winchester in which he escaped injury, of many men from the regiment being lost but many returning to camp the next day, rebels suffering great losses, mentions General Shields, General Fremont and General Banks, cautions given to his siblings at home regarding being in and near the water.

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            Title:   Henry A. Smith to Family

            Creator:  Smith, Henry A., d. 1864

            Date:  1862-06-07

            Resource type:   correspondence

            Topics include the defeat and retreat of the regiment to Williamsport (Battle of Harrisonburg?? June 6), telling of southern woman firing upon union soldiers, of the shooting death of a drummer boy by a southern woman, description of a rebel regiment's clothing recognized as the Louisiana Tigers, transporting the sick and wounded by wagon to hospitals, a summary of the men who were lost or wounded.

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              Title:   Henry A. Smith to Family

              Creator:  Smith, Henry A., d. 1864

              Date:  1862-06-27

              Resource type:   correspondence

              Topics include the journey from Williamsport to Snickers Ferry on the Shenandoah River, mentions by name men missing from the Company, mentions horses in battle, of his horse having had very little to eat, the rumor that General Pope is going to take control of the army, Gen. Fremont resigning, Gen. Banks to be Assistant Sec. of War, and the Quarter Master Old Jones & Lieutenant Grover's waiter being taken prisoners.

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                Title:   Henry A. Smith to Family

                Creator:  Smith, Henry A., d. 1864

                Date:  1862-07-05

                Resource type:   correspondence

                From Snickers Ferry on the Shenandoah River topics include news from Richmond, rumor that Stonewall Jackson was killed, having enough to eat including local peaches & cherries found in Virginia, horses well fed, men on picket duty, newspaper report that General McClellan taken prisoner along with 40,000 of his men, and Henry Smith's homesickness.

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                  Title:   Henry A. Smith to Family

                  Creator:  Smith, Henry A., d. 1864

                  Date:  1862-10-04

                  Resource type:   correspondence

                  Topics include encamping near Alexandria, an update on the health of Lant Blake and Gene, his unable to mail a gun home for his younger siblings, the large loss of the rebels at Orange Court House, a request for boots and gloves from home and a comment that army issue are not worth what the soldiers have to pay for them.

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                    Title:   Henry A. Smith to Family

                    Creator:  Smith, Henry A., d. 1864

                    Date:  1862-10-11

                    Resource type:   correspondence

                    From camp near Alexandria, Va topics include the bad weather, the continuous firing of shots from the Washington Navy Yard, enjoys watching the new recruits, the prediction that Lant Blake will not live, still requesting boots and apples.

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                      Title:   Henry A. Smith to Family

                      Creator:  Smith, Henry A., d. 1864

                      Date:  1862-11-06

                      Resource type:   correspondence

                      Two letters dated Nov 6 and Nov 11.Topics include a skirmish at Thoroughfare Gap, Henry Smith out riding the rebels thus avoiding almost being captured, a number of Union soldiers captured, lots of honey and fowl to eat and the burning of Haymarket.

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                        Title:   Henry A. Smith to Family

                        Creator:  Smith, Henry A., d. 1864

                        Date:  1862-11-28

                        Resource type:   correspondence

                        Topics include the arrival of the package from home that had includes apples and chicken but those were eaten by Jarvis Wentworth, pictures of relatives received, admiration of his new boots, Henry Smith's friend Fenney hoping to become his brother-in-law, and the death of a boy names Henry Holt of Hartland, gives advice on how to best care for a horse.

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                          Title:   Henry A. Smith to Family

                          Creator:  Smith, Henry A., d. 1864

                          Date:  1862-09-02

                          Resource type:   correspondence

                          From Alexandria, Virginia topics include transporting the sick, injured and "used up horses", the expectation of new horses, the extensive fortifications between Alexandria and Centerville, the horrors of war, the restriction of letter writing until 10 days following a battle, reference to men having fought in a battle but does not say which one (Pope's Campaign??) and Henry Smith's wish to return home.

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                            Title:   John M. Stone to Family

                            Creator:  Stone, John M., 1835-1915

                            Date:  1862-08-28

                            Resource type:   correspondence

                            Two letters dated Aug 28 & Aug 30 ; grateful for letters from home writing, pride in Vermont for providing soldiers, loading wagons onto the boats in Hampton (Va.?), pleased with the work done by black men, sending money home and news from home.

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                              Title:   Justus E. Gale to Family

                              Creator:  Gale, Justus F., 1837-1863

                              Date:  1862-08-31

                              Resource type:   correspondence

                              Topics include a train crash, confiscating rebel property including horses, cattle, sheep and mules. Writes of having plenty of food on their travel back to camp including dining on lamb. Provided a meal at an old planters house. Mentions Negroes (slaves) and 1500 Blacks at camp, sending troops to Gen. Phelps, the expectation of getting paid, rebels killed in an encounter with the enemy.

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                                Title:   Justus E. Gale to [Family]

                                Creator:  Gale, Justus F., 1837-1863

                                Date:  1862-08-23

                                Resource type:   correspondence

                                Topics include a poem titled “The Heavenly Home” and clearing up the rumor that Justus Gale is dead.

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                                  Title:   Justus F. Gale to Family

                                  Creator:  Gale, Justus F., 1837-1863

                                  Date:  1862-07-24

                                  Resource type:   correspondence

                                  Topics include the sickness and deaths in the regiment due to Typhoid Fever and poor water, a report that Vicksburg was burned, and the call for the 11th and 12th regiments from Vermont.

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                                    Title:   Justus F. Gale to Friends

                                    Creator:  Gale, Justus F., 1837-1863

                                    Date:  1862-05-04

                                    Resource type:   correspondence

                                    Topics include packing up to march most likely towards New Orleans, the occupation of New Orleans by the Union troops, thinking the war will be over soon.

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                                      Title:   Justus F. Gale to Sister

                                      Creator:  Gale, Justus F., 1837-1863

                                      Date:  1862-07-18

                                      Resource type:   correspondence

                                      Topics include the good health of Justus Gale, the food available at Algiers including confiscated beef from the locals, standing guard for 12 hour shifts, killing alligators, writes of some of his comrades, the sickness of Sargent 2nd Class.Chas. C. Martin with inflammation of the bowels, the capture of Richmond and Vicksburg, mentions Confederate Gen. G. T. Beauregard, receiving a copy of the Green Mountain Freeman and refers to his religious faith.

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                                        Title:   Justus F. Gale to Sister & Friends

                                        Creator:  Gale, Justus F., 1837-1863

                                        Date:  1862-09-09

                                        Resource type:   correspondence

                                        Topics include the sickness of Justus Gale’s mother and brother Charley, mentions his dismay of men trying to skip military duty, the rebel prisoners taken by various Union regiments, mentions Gen. Butler may be taking care of the guerrilla fighters and the injuries sustained by the men in the train accident whereby many seemed to have avoided amputations.

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                                          Title:   Justus F. Gale to Sister & Friends

                                          Creator:  Gale, Justus F., 1837-1863

                                          Date:  1862-09-24

                                          Resource type:   correspondence

                                          From Algiers, La topics include ill health of his mother and sister, the death of his brother Charley, how difficult it is to get a military discharge, Justus Gale’s negative opinion of the Blacks, his hope slavery is ended, and his hope that his sister and mother will become healthy again.

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                                            Title:   Justus F. Gale to [Family]

                                            Creator:  Gale, Justus F., 1837-1863

                                            Date:  1862-02-19

                                            Resource type:   correspondence

                                            Writing from Brattleboro topics include drilling, a few companies being sworn into the United States service, Justus Gale’s health improving from a brief cold, mentions "rag" hash soup, boiled beef & potatoes, news of family members and the snow at camp.

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                                              Title:   Justus F. Gale to [Family]

                                              Creator:  Gale, Justus F., 1837-1863

                                              Date:  [1862-04]

                                              Resource type:   correspondence

                                              Topics include lyrics to a song that is sung while marching.

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