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Vermonters in the Civil War

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Collection Overview

Vermont soldiers in the Civil War wrote an enormous quantity of letters and diaries, of which many thousands have survived in libraries, historical societies, and in private hands. This collection represents a selection of letters and diaries from the University of Vermont and the Vermont Historical Society.

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Time Period Covered: January 1, 1861 - February 28, 1864 


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Browsing by:    Genre: ("correspondence") remove term  Recipient: (",") remove term

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Title:   Bradford Sparrow to Parents and Brothers

Creator:  Sparrow, Bradford

Date:  1864-04-06

Resource type:   correspondence

Writes of suffering from diarrhea, wanting to subscribe to the local newspaper call the Repository, commenting on the sugar orchard at home and mentions Gen. Grant.

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    Title:   Bradford Sparrow to Parents and Brothers

    Creator:  Sparrow, Bradford

    Date:  1864-04-16

    Resource type:   correspondence

    Writes of having sent money home, of improved health, of not having a chance to get a photograph made, of two deserters from his company in the guard house, and gives advice as to whom to write in case he is unable to do so, Chaplain Roberts, 4th Vt Regt., Washington, D.C.

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      Title:   Bradford Sparrow to Parents and Brothers

      Creator:  Sparrow, Bradford

      Date:  1864-04-25

      Resource type:   correspondence

      Still at Brandy Station, Virginia and writes of feeling well, of expecting Gen. Meade to move is head quarters to Culpeper soon, been rifle target practice, Lt. Gen. Grant reviewed the troops, photograph sent home via mail, has heard news of Red River expedition and massacre at Fort Pillow (April 12) where a large number of Black and White troops were killed, mentions lots of opportunities for men to get commissions in the Black regiments.

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        Title:   Bradford Sparrow to Parents and Brothers

        Creator:  Sparrow, Bradford

        Date:  1864-05-13

        Resource type:   correspondence

        Two letters written here from the battlefield about having been in battle for the past 8 days although not on the front line & does not record his location, has not been hurt, has sent a photograph home, names three men who were killed.

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          Title:   Bradford Sparrow to Parents and Brothers

          Creator:  Sparrow, Bradford

          Date:  1864-06-05

          Resource type:   correspondence

          A sore has developed on his left heel, is to go to the hospital and see the surgeon, Union army if strengthening its hold in the face of the Rebels strong hold in the area, mentions that newspapers generally get the news wrong and cautions folks at home in believing everything printed, mentions Grant and his chances of taking Richmond.

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            Title:   Bradford Sparrow to Parents and Brothers

            Creator:  Sparrow, Bradford

            Date:  1864-06-08

            Resource type:   correspondence

            States he is in the hospital getting the sore on his heel tended to, makes reference to the Battle of the Wilderness, of wounded and killed in his company the same day he writes this letter, inquires of folks and happenings at home, wishes more folks to write to him.

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              Title:   Bradford Sparrow to Parents and Brothers

              Creator:  Sparrow, Bradford

              Date:  1865-05-12

              Resource type:   correspondence

              Writes of receiving good medical care with plenty of good food, alcohol to drink, health is improving, may be transported to Annapolis, Maryland ; hopes to be home soon ; mentions Gen. Grant may discharge all the hospital boys. Letter head U.S. Christian Commission stationery.

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                Title:   Bradford Sparrow to Parents and Brothers

                Creator:  Sparrow, Bradford

                Date:  1865-05-22

                Resource type:   correspondence

                Writes from the General Hospital in South Carolina of his hopes to be discharged soon and be home by mid June, has a job in the dining room setting table, etc. & feels it is good for his health. Thinks of his parents and hopes they have not worried over his having been taken prisoner & mentions the other folks at home. Letter head United States Sanitary Commission, N. E. Women's Auxiliary Association.

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                  Title:   Bradford Sparrow to Parents and Brothers

                  Creator:  Sparrow, Bradford

                  Date:  1865-06-06

                  Resource type:   correspondence

                  Writes of his current location in another hospital, this one in New York, hopes his military discharge will come soon, his need for money sent to him as he will not be paid until his discharge come through, requests the Vermont newspaper the Repository as he wants to know what is going on back home.

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                    Title:   Edward P. Stone to Family

                    Creator:  Stone, Edward P., 1830-1920

                    Date:  [1862]-01-01

                    Resource type:   correspondence

                    New Year's greeting given to family, getting his tent settled, men under marching orders, no passes to be approved until Gen. Brooks returns.

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                      Title:   Edward P. Stone to Family

                      Creator:  Stone, Edward P., 1830-1920

                      Date:  1862-07-08

                      Resource type:   correspondence

                      Chaplain Stone expresses sadness at leaving sick and wounded (perhaps from the Seven Days Battles fought June 26 to July 2), sending money, sickness among the men, Dr. Chandler, Dr. Henry Janes, the officers & the chaplains, requests a linen coat, sending home clothing, John working at the wharf (perhaps along the James River?).

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                        Title:   Edward P. Stone to Family

                        Creator:  Stone, Edward P., 1830-1920

                        Date:  1862-07-30

                        Resource type:   correspondence

                        Inquires about ladies in the family, requesting letters from them, states there is good water contrary to what the newspapers report, vegetables to eat, building brick ovens, prayer meetings being held in brick church, death of son of Judge Swift of Middlebury.

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                          Title:   Edward P. Stone to Family

                          Creator:  Stone, Edward P., 1830-1920

                          Date:  [1862]-09-[23]

                          Resource type:   correspondence

                          A very brief letter stating he was in Burkittsville with the wounded (casualties from the Battle of Burkittsville or called the Battle of Crampton's Gap, Maryland, September 14, 1862), then set out to find the regiment but was unsuccessful so he stopped at Pleasant Valley and stayed with a family there ; preached at United Bretheren ; mentions fruits of all kinds available.

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                            Title:   Edward P. Stone to Family

                            Creator:  Stone, Edward P., 1830-1920

                            Date:  1862-11-15

                            Resource type:   correspondence

                            Writes how he and other chaplains are discouraged as their duties as ministers often can not be done as the men are often marching ; difficult to constantly hear profanity ; seeks prayers from folks at home, a caution at the end of the letter to not print this but perhaps convey his sentiments in other ways.

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                              Title:   Edward P. Stone to Family

                              Creator:  Stone, Edward P., 1830-1920

                              Date:  1862-11-20

                              Resource type:   correspondence

                              Regiment several days marching before reaching camp near the Aquia Creek, names various commanders in charge of the corps, newspaper informed him of the death of General Israel Richardson (wounded in Battle of Antietam in Maryland, Sept. 17, 1862, died Nov. 3, 1862)

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                                Title:   Edward P. Stone to Family

                                Creator:  Stone, Edward P., 1830-1920

                                Date:  1862-12-23

                                Resource type:   correspondence

                                Stone's morale low ; discouragement of the soldiers after Fredericksburg ; Stone looking for a new chaplain’s position.

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                                  Title:   Edward P. Stone to Family

                                  Creator:  Stone, Edward P., 1830-1920

                                  Date:  1862-12-28

                                  Resource type:   correspondence

                                  Writes of expecting letters from home, names several officers resigning, has a pass to go to Washington with a dead soldier, money, resigning his position as chaplain but wishes to work on some historical records of the regiment first, is well but is suffering from diarrhea.

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                                    Title:   Edward P. Stone to Family

                                    Creator:  Stone, Edward P., 1830-1920

                                    Date:  1862-12-28

                                    Resource type:   correspondence

                                    Two letters dated Dec 28 and New Year's Day [1863] ; relates procedure and process by which allowed pass to travel to Washington with a soldier’s body, travel to Washington on the steamer Zepher, receiving parcels from home ; asking if $400 received.

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                                      Title:   Edward P. Stone to Family

                                      Creator:  Stone, Edward P., 1830-1920

                                      Date:  1863-03-19

                                      Resource type:   correspondence

                                      Topics include visiting ministers, Colonel Tuttle resigning, Col. Barney in command, petition written up endorsing the Administration, Stone feeling better about his usefulness.

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                                        Title:   Henry A. Smith to Family

                                        Creator:  Smith, Henry A., d. 1864

                                        Date:  1862-01-10

                                        Resource type:   correspondence

                                        From Annapolis, Maryland topics include the welcoming in New York City, pay soon and to be in Treasury notes, description and conditions at the camp in Annapolis, 21 horses of the regiment's that died in transport or in the mud since leaving Burlington and a list of items wanted and what type of box they are to be put in.

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                                          Title:   Henry A. Smith to Family

                                          Creator:  Smith, Henry A., d. 1864

                                          Date:  1862-03-30

                                          Resource type:   correspondence

                                          Topics include the journey from Annapolis to Harpers Ferry, Henry Smith's good health, liking the hand made shirt he received from home very much, keeps his brandy with him, burning of the post office by the Confederates, requests more postage stamps.

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                                            Title:   Henry A. Smith to Family

                                            Creator:  Smith, Henry A., d. 1864

                                            Date:  1862-04-20

                                            Resource type:   correspondence

                                            Topics include the journey from Harpers Ferry to Newmarket, reference to General Banks division, detailed description of the suicide of Major Colins' Colonel, Michigan Calvary refusing to obey orders to charge the enemy, the Calvary rode away, mention of Lieut Col Kellogg and a Col Ashby, an encounter with the rebels that resulted in three rebel deaths and two rebel prisoners, getting pay.

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                                              Title:   Henry A. Smith to Family

                                              Creator:  Smith, Henry A., d. 1864

                                              Date:  1862-05-16

                                              Resource type:   correspondence

                                              Topics include General Banks' Division falling back to Strasburgh, the frequent skirmishes with Ashbys Cavalry, an account of a man in Company I who shot a rebel, Smith's hand wounded by a fellow soldier playing carelessly with a sabre, men eating well, mention of Oliver Cushman of Hartland who was promoted to second Lieutenant, reference to military pay.

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                                                Title:   Henry A. Smith to Family

                                                Creator:  Smith, Henry A., d. 1864

                                                Date:  1862-05-27

                                                Resource type:   correspondence

                                                From Williams Post, Maryland Smith writes 2 letters one dated May 27 and one May 28. (First Battle of Winchester, May 25, 1862). Topics include a terrible battle in and near Winchester in which he escaped injury, of many men from the regiment being lost but many returning to camp the next day, rebels suffering great losses, mentions General Shields, General Fremont and General Banks, cautions given to his siblings at home regarding being in and near the water.

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                                                  Title:   Henry A. Smith to Family

                                                  Creator:  Smith, Henry A., d. 1864

                                                  Date:  1862-06-07

                                                  Resource type:   correspondence

                                                  Topics include the defeat and retreat of the regiment to Williamsport (Battle of Harrisonburg?? June 6), telling of southern woman firing upon union soldiers, of the shooting death of a drummer boy by a southern woman, description of a rebel regiment's clothing recognized as the Louisiana Tigers, transporting the sick and wounded by wagon to hospitals, a summary of the men who were lost or wounded.

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