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Vermonters in the Civil War

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Collection Overview

Vermont soldiers in the Civil War wrote an enormous quantity of letters and diaries, of which many thousands have survived in libraries, historical societies, and in private hands. This collection represents a selection of letters and diaries from the University of Vermont and the Vermont Historical Society.

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Time Period Covered: January 1, 1861 - February 28, 1864 


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Browsing by:    Genre: ("correspondence") remove term  Recipient: (",") remove term

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Title:   Edward P. Stone to Family

Creator:  Stone, Edward P., 1830-1920

Date:  1862-07-08

Resource type:   correspondence

Chaplain Stone expresses sadness at leaving sick and wounded (perhaps from the Seven Days Battles fought June 26 to July 2), sending money, sickness among the men, Dr. Chandler, Dr. Henry Janes, the officers & the chaplains, requests a linen coat, sending home clothing, John working at the wharf (perhaps along the James River?).

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    Title:   Edward P. Stone to Family

    Creator:  Stone, Edward P., 1830-1920

    Date:  1862-07-30

    Resource type:   correspondence

    Inquires about ladies in the family, requesting letters from them, states there is good water contrary to what the newspapers report, vegetables to eat, building brick ovens, prayer meetings being held in brick church, death of son of Judge Swift of Middlebury.

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      Title:   Edward P. Stone to Family

      Creator:  Stone, Edward P., 1830-1920

      Date:  [1862]-09-[23]

      Resource type:   correspondence

      A very brief letter stating he was in Burkittsville with the wounded (casualties from the Battle of Burkittsville or called the Battle of Crampton's Gap, Maryland, September 14, 1862), then set out to find the regiment but was unsuccessful so he stopped at Pleasant Valley and stayed with a family there ; preached at United Bretheren ; mentions fruits of all kinds available.

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        Title:   Edward P. Stone to Family

        Creator:  Stone, Edward P., 1830-1920

        Date:  1862-11-15

        Resource type:   correspondence

        Writes how he and other chaplains are discouraged as their duties as ministers often can not be done as the men are often marching ; difficult to constantly hear profanity ; seeks prayers from folks at home, a caution at the end of the letter to not print this but perhaps convey his sentiments in other ways.

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          Title:   Edward P. Stone to Family

          Creator:  Stone, Edward P., 1830-1920

          Date:  1862-11-20

          Resource type:   correspondence

          Regiment several days marching before reaching camp near the Aquia Creek, names various commanders in charge of the corps, newspaper informed him of the death of General Israel Richardson (wounded in Battle of Antietam in Maryland, Sept. 17, 1862, died Nov. 3, 1862)

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            Title:   Edward P. Stone to Family

            Creator:  Stone, Edward P., 1830-1920

            Date:  1862-12-23

            Resource type:   correspondence

            Stone's morale low ; discouragement of the soldiers after Fredericksburg ; Stone looking for a new chaplain’s position.

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              Title:   Edward P. Stone to Family

              Creator:  Stone, Edward P., 1830-1920

              Date:  1862-12-28

              Resource type:   correspondence

              Writes of expecting letters from home, names several officers resigning, has a pass to go to Washington with a dead soldier, money, resigning his position as chaplain but wishes to work on some historical records of the regiment first, is well but is suffering from diarrhea.

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                Title:   Edward P. Stone to Family

                Creator:  Stone, Edward P., 1830-1920

                Date:  1862-12-28

                Resource type:   correspondence

                Two letters dated Dec 28 and New Year's Day [1863] ; relates procedure and process by which allowed pass to travel to Washington with a soldier’s body, travel to Washington on the steamer Zepher, receiving parcels from home ; asking if $400 received.

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                  Title:   Edward P. Stone to Family

                  Creator:  Stone, Edward P., 1830-1920

                  Date:  1863-03-19

                  Resource type:   correspondence

                  Topics include visiting ministers, Colonel Tuttle resigning, Col. Barney in command, petition written up endorsing the Administration, Stone feeling better about his usefulness.

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                    Title:   Henry A. Smith to Family

                    Creator:  Smith, Henry A., d. 1864

                    Date:  1862-01-10

                    Resource type:   correspondence

                    From Annapolis, Maryland topics include the welcoming in New York City, pay soon and to be in Treasury notes, description and conditions at the camp in Annapolis, 21 horses of the regiment's that died in transport or in the mud since leaving Burlington and a list of items wanted and what type of box they are to be put in.

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                      Title:   Henry A. Smith to Family

                      Creator:  Smith, Henry A., d. 1864

                      Date:  1862-03-30

                      Resource type:   correspondence

                      Topics include the journey from Annapolis to Harpers Ferry, Henry Smith's good health, liking the hand made shirt he received from home very much, keeps his brandy with him, burning of the post office by the Confederates, requests more postage stamps.

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                        Title:   Henry A. Smith to Family

                        Creator:  Smith, Henry A., d. 1864

                        Date:  1862-04-20

                        Resource type:   correspondence

                        Topics include the journey from Harpers Ferry to Newmarket, reference to General Banks division, detailed description of the suicide of Major Colins' Colonel, Michigan Calvary refusing to obey orders to charge the enemy, the Calvary rode away, mention of Lieut Col Kellogg and a Col Ashby, an encounter with the rebels that resulted in three rebel deaths and two rebel prisoners, getting pay.

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                          Title:   Henry A. Smith to Family

                          Creator:  Smith, Henry A., d. 1864

                          Date:  1862-05-16

                          Resource type:   correspondence

                          Topics include General Banks' Division falling back to Strasburgh, the frequent skirmishes with Ashbys Cavalry, an account of a man in Company I who shot a rebel, Smith's hand wounded by a fellow soldier playing carelessly with a sabre, men eating well, mention of Oliver Cushman of Hartland who was promoted to second Lieutenant, reference to military pay.

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                            Title:   Henry A. Smith to Family

                            Creator:  Smith, Henry A., d. 1864

                            Date:  1862-05-27

                            Resource type:   correspondence

                            From Williams Post, Maryland Smith writes 2 letters one dated May 27 and one May 28. (First Battle of Winchester, May 25, 1862). Topics include a terrible battle in and near Winchester in which he escaped injury, of many men from the regiment being lost but many returning to camp the next day, rebels suffering great losses, mentions General Shields, General Fremont and General Banks, cautions given to his siblings at home regarding being in and near the water.

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                              Title:   Henry A. Smith to Family

                              Creator:  Smith, Henry A., d. 1864

                              Date:  1862-06-07

                              Resource type:   correspondence

                              Topics include the defeat and retreat of the regiment to Williamsport (Battle of Harrisonburg?? June 6), telling of southern woman firing upon union soldiers, of the shooting death of a drummer boy by a southern woman, description of a rebel regiment's clothing recognized as the Louisiana Tigers, transporting the sick and wounded by wagon to hospitals, a summary of the men who were lost or wounded.

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                                Title:   Henry A. Smith to Family

                                Creator:  Smith, Henry A., d. 1864

                                Date:  1862-06-27

                                Resource type:   correspondence

                                Topics include the journey from Williamsport to Snickers Ferry on the Shenandoah River, mentions by name men missing from the Company, mentions horses in battle, of his horse having had very little to eat, the rumor that General Pope is going to take control of the army, Gen. Fremont resigning, Gen. Banks to be Assistant Sec. of War, and the Quarter Master Old Jones & Lieutenant Grover's waiter being taken prisoners.

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                                  Title:   Henry A. Smith to Family

                                  Creator:  Smith, Henry A., d. 1864

                                  Date:  1862-07-05

                                  Resource type:   correspondence

                                  From Snickers Ferry on the Shenandoah River topics include news from Richmond, rumor that Stonewall Jackson was killed, having enough to eat including local peaches & cherries found in Virginia, horses well fed, men on picket duty, newspaper report that General McClellan taken prisoner along with 40,000 of his men, and Henry Smith's homesickness.

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                                    Title:   Henry A. Smith to Family

                                    Creator:  Smith, Henry A., d. 1864

                                    Date:  1862-07-28

                                    Resource type:   correspondence

                                    From Culpeper Court House (Virginia) topics include a list of regiments in the area including the 1st Vt, the hope that Captain Rundlett submits his resignation, the resignation of Colonel Kellogg, the acquiring of double barrel shotguns taken from the citizens, brief reference to Gen. McClellan and Gen. John Pope and the prediction that the war will not last much longer.

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                                      Title:   Henry A. Smith to Family

                                      Creator:  Smith, Henry A., d. 1864

                                      Date:  1862-08-14

                                      Resource type:   correspondence

                                      Six miles south of Culpeper (Virginia) two letters included dated Aug 15 and Aug 15. Topics include an exchange of fire near the Orange Court House, the numerous rebel deaths, injuries, and prisoners, and another terrible battle at Culpeper with references to Jackson, Banks and John Pope.

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                                        Title:   Henry A. Smith to Family

                                        Creator:  Smith, Henry A., d. 1864

                                        Date:  1862-09-02

                                        Resource type:   correspondence

                                        From Alexandria, Virginia topics include transporting the sick, injured and "used up horses", the expectation of new horses, the extensive fortifications between Alexandria and Centerville, the horrors of war, the restriction of letter writing until 10 days following a battle, reference to men having fought in a battle but does not say which one (Pope's Campaign??) and Henry Smith's wish to return home.

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                                          Title:   Henry A. Smith to Family

                                          Creator:  Smith, Henry A., d. 1864

                                          Date:  1862-09-11

                                          Resource type:   correspondence

                                          From camp near Alexandria Va. topics include the journey from Alexandria to Munsons Hill and back to a camp near Alexandria, to his lending money to fellow soldiers, reference to Vermont regiments 9th, 10th and 11th, a description of Wesley Watts being wounded in a skirmish against the rebels, praise of McClellan, reference to Bull Run, John Pope and some of the other men who have been wounded.

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                                            Title:   Henry A. Smith to Family

                                            Creator:  Smith, Henry A., d. 1864

                                            Date:  1862-09-24

                                            Resource type:   correspondence

                                            Topics include Henry Smith losing his horse, camp punishment of John H. Willard for disobeying an order, and the numerous men who were wounded and killed.

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                                              Title:   Henry A. Smith to Family

                                              Creator:  Smith, Henry A., d. 1864

                                              Date:  1862-10-04

                                              Resource type:   correspondence

                                              Topics include encamping near Alexandria, an update on the health of Lant Blake and Gene, his unable to mail a gun home for his younger siblings, the large loss of the rebels at Orange Court House, a request for boots and gloves from home and a comment that army issue are not worth what the soldiers have to pay for them.

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                                                Title:   Henry A. Smith to Family

                                                Creator:  Smith, Henry A., d. 1864

                                                Date:  1862-10-11

                                                Resource type:   correspondence

                                                From camp near Alexandria, Va topics include the bad weather, the continuous firing of shots from the Washington Navy Yard, enjoys watching the new recruits, the prediction that Lant Blake will not live, still requesting boots and apples.

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                                                  Title:   Henry A. Smith to Family

                                                  Creator:  Smith, Henry A., d. 1864

                                                  Date:  1862-11-06

                                                  Resource type:   correspondence

                                                  Two letters dated Nov 6 and Nov 11.Topics include a skirmish at Thoroughfare Gap, Henry Smith out riding the rebels thus avoiding almost being captured, a number of Union soldiers captured, lots of honey and fowl to eat and the burning of Haymarket.

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