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Vermonters in the Civil War

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Collection Overview

Vermont soldiers in the Civil War wrote an enormous quantity of letters and diaries, of which many thousands have survived in libraries, historical societies, and in private hands. This collection represents a selection of letters and diaries from the University of Vermont and the Vermont Historical Society.

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Time Period Covered: January 1, 1861 - February 28, 1864 


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Browsing by:    Genre: ("correspondence") remove term

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Title:   ? to Father

Date:  1863-02-26

Resource type:   correspondence

Unsigned letter to his father with topics including Col Farnham's horses being sick but getting better ; the variable weather, how people can make do with few conveniences, Mr. Peach the cook, the food that is available in camp ; the dark looks the southerners give the soldiers, his negative opinion of the white southerners, mentioning writing to Henry, Laura and hoping to see Zeke.

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    Title:   ? to Lorenzo Thomas

    Date:  1862-08-30

    Resource type:   correspondence

    Topics include the request to inquire after statements made by the Major General, and a request for an investigation of the Battle of Baton Rouge by a court of inquiry.

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      Title:   A. Jackman to John Wolcott Phelps

      Creator:  Jackman, A.

      Date:  1861-05-01

      Resource type:   correspondence

      Topics include ensuring that Colonel Phelps' command have books such as "Scott's Tactics".

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        Title:   A. [G.] Browne to John Wolcott Phelps

        Creator:  Browne, A. G.

        Date:  1861-10-29

        Resource type:   correspondence

        Topics include Lt. Col. A. G. Browne requesting Brig. Gen. John Wolcott Phelps' assistance in forwarding letters to Lieutenant Charles L. Pierson, Adjutant of the Massachusetts 20th Regiment who was taken prisoner along with Colonel Lee and Major Revere. Mentions Col. Lee and Major Revere, the battle of the 21st near Leesburg and flags of truce.

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          Title:   Albert A. May to Friend

          Creator:  May, Albert A.

          Date:  1861-10-08

          Resource type:   correspondence

          Writes from Marcy Camp Advanced in Northeastern Virginia of injuries and death sustained in a "Skermisher" due to confusion among the men and friendly fire, mentions 4th and 5th regiments also camped in the area.

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            Title:   Albert A. May to Friends

            Creator:  May, Albert A.

            Date:  1863-03-09

            Resource type:   correspondence

            Writing from White Oak Church, Bell Plains, Va. topics include being in good health, the warm spring weather, a year since the Army of the Potomac started their summer campaign, the army in good spirits, hoping that the 2nd Vt. will be lucky and be sent home, and the prediction that May only has fifteen months left in the service.

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              Title:   Albert B. Jewett to William Wirt Henry

              Creator:  Jewett, Albert B., 1829-1887

              Date:  1863-02-02

              Resource type:   correspondence

              Letter discussing Jewett’s possible promotion to Brigadier General (as Jewett's name is on a list for promotions) and Jewett willing to help get a staff position for Gov. Dillingham's son if Jewett is promoted.

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                Title:   Asa P. Blunt

                Creator:  Blunt, Asa P.

                Date:  1863-02-12

                Resource type:   correspondence

                A pass for Lt. Col. Roswell Farnham, G. G. Benedict, and Mary Farnham to go to Washington signed by Asa P. Blunt, Col. Commanding at Wolf Run Shoals, Va.

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                  Title:   Asa P. Blunt

                  Creator:  Blunt, Asa P.

                  Date:  1863-04-06

                  Resource type:   correspondence

                  A pass for Roswell Farnham to go to Washington to return in 48 hours approved by Asa P. Blunt, Colonel Commanding 2nd Brigade Casey's Division.

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                    Title:   Asa P. Blunt

                    Creator:  Blunt, Asa P.

                    Date:  1863-04-11

                    Resource type:   correspondence

                    A pass for Mary Farnham, Mrs. Nichols, Mrs. Vaughan, and Mrs. Peach to go to Washington.

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                      Title:   Asa P. Blunt

                      Creator:  Blunt, Asa P.

                      Date:  1863-04-15

                      Resource type:   correspondence

                      Pass for Roswell Farnham to go to Washington for 48 hours approved by Asa P. Blunt, Colonel Commander of Brigade ; extended 48 hours by Maj. Genl. Heintzelman.

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                        Title:   Asa P. Blunt to E. Mason

                        Creator:  Blunt, Asa P.

                        Resource type:   correspondence

                        Topics include the questioning of G. Mason’s loyalty to the United States government by Col. Blunt, denial of protection Mason has requested, the suggestion that Mason take the oath of allegiance to the U.S. or suffer the consequences of possible destruction of property.

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                          Title:   Asa P. Blunt to Roswell Farnham

                          Creator:  Blunt, Asa P.

                          Date:  1862-10-13

                          Resource type:   correspondence

                          Topics include a pass allowing Roswell Farnham to and from Washington D.C.

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                            Title:   Battle of Big Bethal, Va June 10th, 1861

                            Creator:  Farnham, Roswell, 1827-1903

                            Resource type:   correspondence

                            Topics include a map that shows various maneuvers of Farnham's company; inaccuracies in the newspaper account of the Battle of Big Bethel; and various ailments, aches & pains endured during the march.

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                              Title:   Benjamin F. Butler to John Wolcott Phelps

                              Creator:  Butler, Benjamin F.

                              Date:  1861-07-16

                              Resource type:   correspondence

                              Topics include the summoning of Roys Nicholas Colbert and Charles Stepheny to Command General Benjamin F. Butler.

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                                Title:   Benjamin F. Parmenter to Brother

                                Creator:  Parmenter, Benjamin F., 1832-1896

                                Date:  1861-07-10

                                Resource type:   correspondence

                                Topics include the regiment moving to Virginia.

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                                  Title:   Benjamin F. Parmenter to Brother

                                  Creator:  Parmenter, Benjamin F., 1832-1896

                                  Date:  1861-07-28

                                  Resource type:   correspondence

                                  Topics include Benjamin F. Parmenter's negative opinion of an attack ( the first battle of Bull Run--see letter 3).

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                                    Title:   Benjamin F. Parmenter to Brother

                                    Creator:  Parmenter, Benjamin F., 1832-1896

                                    Date:  1861-08-08

                                    Resource type:   correspondence

                                    Topics include the regiment being located at Bush Hill Camp, rumors that they may join up with another brigade, more discussion of the 1st Battle of Bull Run, Parmenter's low opinions of the regiments officers,and his disappointment in the treatment of the soldiers.

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                                      Title:   Benjamin F. Parmenter to Brother

                                      Creator:  Parmenter, Benjamin F., 1832-1896

                                      Date:  1861-10-12

                                      Resource type:   correspondence

                                      Topics include Benjamin F. Parmenter's hospital stay and him enlisting his brother to take care of things at home.

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                                        Title:   Benjamin F. Parmenter to Brother

                                        Creator:  Parmenter, Benjamin F., 1832-1896

                                        Date:  1861-10-29

                                        Resource type:   correspondence

                                        Topics include the policy of the war department to not allow anyone to go home regardless of their circumstances,enquiries about home, Parmenter's growing disillusion with the Army, and a discussion about "the Southern confederacy is a fixed fact."

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                                          Title:   Bird's-Eye View of Fortress Monroe Virginia

                                          Resource type:   correspondence

                                          MAP

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                                            Title:   Charles C. Canning to William Wirt Henry

                                            Creator:  Canning, Charles C., b. 1828

                                            Date:  1862-05-26

                                            Resource type:   correspondence

                                            Topics include the defeat of General Banks (Battle of Winchester, May 25) , the promotion of Lt. Col. Stannard, and the request to William Henry to raise a company so that Charles Canning may become a captain. Canning mentions orders from McClellan to prepare for "a bloody battle," but major fighting doesn't ensue until May 31st (Battle of Seven Pines, May 31), when Confederates take advantage of Union positions on the south side of the Chickahominy River.

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                                              Title:   Charles C. Canning to William Wirt Henry

                                              Creator:  Canning, Charles C., b. 1828

                                              Date:  1862-07-18

                                              Resource type:   correspondence

                                              Topics include the movement of the regiment to Harrison's Landing, the extensive loss in the 5th Vermont Regiment (Battle of Savage's Station, June 29, 1862), the arrest of Captain Eaton, and a request for a few goods from home.

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                                                Title:   Charles C. Gregg to William Wirt Henry

                                                Creator:  Gregg, Charles C., 1832-1910

                                                Date:  1862-05-28

                                                Resource type:   correspondence

                                                Topics include the expectation of a "big old fight" near Richmond (Battle of Seven Pines or Fair Oaks, ended June 1st, 1862), and the report of a fight led by "Porter and Stonman" (Fitz John Porter and George Stoneman, both Union officers) against 17,000 rebels (actual number: 4,500). This was the Battle of Hanover Court House, 18 miles north of Richmond, on May 27th, 1862. Mentions the appointment of Col. George J. Stannard to lead the Vt. 9th Regiment.

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                                                  Title:   Charles Dillingham to William Wirt Henry

                                                  Creator:  Dillingham, Charles, b. 1837

                                                  Date:  1861-08-07

                                                  Resource type:   correspondence

                                                  August 7, 1861 from Clermont, Virginia. Writes Vermont 3rd located at the Chain Bridge Georgetown Heights, picket duty, illness among the men, sudden death of soldiers from sore throat.

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