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Vermonters in the Civil War

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Collection Overview

Vermont soldiers in the Civil War wrote an enormous quantity of letters and diaries, of which many thousands have survived in libraries, historical societies, and in private hands. This collection represents a selection of letters and diaries from the University of Vermont and the Vermont Historical Society.

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Time Period Covered: January 1, 1861 - February 28, 1864 


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Browsing by:    Topic: ("Battle casualties") remove term

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Title:   Albert A. May to Friend

Creator:  May, Albert A.

Date:  1861-10-08

Resource type:   correspondence

Writes from Marcy Camp Advanced in Northeastern Virginia of injuries and death sustained in a "Skermisher" due to confusion among the men and friendly fire, mentions 4th and 5th regiments also camped in the area.

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    Title:   Bradford Sparrow to Parents and Brothers

    Creator:  Sparrow, Bradford

    Date:  1864-05-13

    Resource type:   correspondence

    Two letters written here from the battlefield about having been in battle for the past 8 days although not on the front line & does not record his location, has not been hurt, has sent a photograph home, names three men who were killed.

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      Title:   Charles C. Canning to William Wirt Henry

      Creator:  Canning, Charles C., b. 1828

      Date:  1862-07-18

      Resource type:   correspondence

      Topics include the movement of the regiment to Harrison's Landing, the extensive loss in the 5th Vermont Regiment (Battle of Savage's Station, June 29, 1862), the arrest of Captain Eaton, and a request for a few goods from home.

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        Title:   Edward P. Stone to Family

        Creator:  Stone, Edward P., 1830-1920

        Date:  1862-07-08

        Resource type:   correspondence

        Chaplain Stone expresses sadness at leaving sick and wounded (perhaps from the Seven Days Battles fought June 26 to July 2), sending money, sickness among the men, Dr. Chandler, Dr. Henry Janes, the officers & the chaplains, requests a linen coat, sending home clothing, John working at the wharf (perhaps along the James River?).

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          Title:   Edward P. Stone to Family

          Creator:  Stone, Edward P., 1830-1920

          Date:  [1862]-09-[23]

          Resource type:   correspondence

          A very brief letter stating he was in Burkittsville with the wounded (casualties from the Battle of Burkittsville or called the Battle of Crampton's Gap, Maryland, September 14, 1862), then set out to find the regiment but was unsuccessful so he stopped at Pleasant Valley and stayed with a family there ; preached at United Bretheren ; mentions fruits of all kinds available.

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            Title:   Erastus Fairbanks to John Wolcott Phelps

            Creator:  Fairbanks, Erastus

            Date:  1862-09-23

            Resource type:   correspondence

            Topics include the conduct of the 7th Vermont Regiment and the lack of newspaper coverage of the Regiment's positive attributes. The battles in Maryland would include Antietam Creek, one of the bloodiest battles of the war. Fairbanks also mentions a rumor of Phelps's resignation, which had indeed occurred in August, 1862. Some thoughts about slavery, government, and the Constitution.

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              Title:   Frederick Holbrook to John Wolcott Phelps

              Creator:  Holbrook, Frederick

              Date:  1862-05-02

              Resource type:   correspondence

              Topics include the arrival of the 7th and 8th Vermont Regiments at Ship Island, off the coast of Miss., and arrangements with the War Department for wounded troops to be sent home. Holbrook mentions the Battle of Yorktown (April 5-May 4, 1862), esp. the "affair" on April 16 that left ca. 100 Vermont soldiers wounded. Holbrook is in charge of the U.S. Marine Hospital in Burlington, Vt.

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                Title:   George W. Quimby to Emeline B. Masta

                Creator:  Quimby, George W., 1835-1862

                Date:  1862-05-11

                Resource type:   correspondence

                Topics include the hardships George W. Quimby is enduring, a brief account of fighting on the 6th of May (Battle of Williamsburg, Va.). Quimby describes "the horrid scenes of war": dead and dying soldiers in the aftermath of battle. Mentions generals Smith, Hancock, Sumner, Hooker, and Magruder.

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                  Title:   George W. Quimby to Emeline B. Masta

                  Creator:  Quimby, George W., 1835-1862

                  Date:  1862-07-12

                  Resource type:   correspondence

                  Topics include an account of a battle starting on the 27th of June (Battle of Gaines' Mill/First Cold Harbor/Chickahominy). Quimby mentions some explosions that surprisingly caused less harm than expected. Difficulties include long marches, usually at night; surprise attacks; and water deprivation.

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                    Title:   George W. Quimby to Mother

                    Creator:  Quimby, George W., 1835-1862

                    Date:  1862-09-21

                    Resource type:   correspondence

                    Topics include the improvement of George W. Quimby’s health and a description of the heaps of dead, unburied Rebels on the battlefields. These were casualties of the Battle of Antietam Creek (Wednesday, Sept. 17, 1862), considered one of the bloodiest days of the war.

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                      Title:   Henry A. Smith to Clarissa A. Smith

                      Creator:  Smith, Henry A., d. 1864

                      Date:  1863-06-02

                      Resource type:   correspondence

                      Topics include his praise of the work being done at home on the farm by his brothers, a description of Mosby’s attack on the train at Catlett’s Station (May 31st), and his wish that his mother use his money to purchase more pasture land in Royalton.

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                        Title:   Henry A. Smith to Clarissa A. Smith

                        Creator:  Smith, Henry A., d. 1864

                        Date:  1863-11-20

                        Resource type:   correspondence

                        Topics include receiving a letter from home, his hope to be released and return home, and news about others from his regiment who were killed or wounded at Hagerstown on July 6.

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                          Title:   Henry A. Smith to Family

                          Creator:  Smith, Henry A., d. 1864

                          Date:  1862-04-20

                          Resource type:   correspondence

                          Topics include the journey from Harpers Ferry to Newmarket, reference to General Banks division, detailed description of the suicide of Major Colins' Colonel, Michigan Calvary refusing to obey orders to charge the enemy, the Calvary rode away, mention of Lieut Col Kellogg and a Col Ashby, an encounter with the rebels that resulted in three rebel deaths and two rebel prisoners, getting pay.

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                            Title:   Henry A. Smith to Family

                            Creator:  Smith, Henry A., d. 1864

                            Date:  1862-05-27

                            Resource type:   correspondence

                            From Williams Post, Maryland Smith writes 2 letters one dated May 27 and one May 28. (First Battle of Winchester, May 25, 1862). Topics include a terrible battle in and near Winchester in which he escaped injury, of many men from the regiment being lost but many returning to camp the next day, rebels suffering great losses, mentions General Shields, General Fremont and General Banks, cautions given to his siblings at home regarding being in and near the water.

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                              Title:   Henry A. Smith to Family

                              Creator:  Smith, Henry A., d. 1864

                              Date:  1862-06-07

                              Resource type:   correspondence

                              Topics include the defeat and retreat of the regiment to Williamsport (Battle of Harrisonburg?? June 6), telling of southern woman firing upon union soldiers, of the shooting death of a drummer boy by a southern woman, description of a rebel regiment's clothing recognized as the Louisiana Tigers, transporting the sick and wounded by wagon to hospitals, a summary of the men who were lost or wounded.

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                                Title:   Henry A. Smith to Family

                                Creator:  Smith, Henry A., d. 1864

                                Date:  1862-06-27

                                Resource type:   correspondence

                                Topics include the journey from Williamsport to Snickers Ferry on the Shenandoah River, mentions by name men missing from the Company, mentions horses in battle, of his horse having had very little to eat, the rumor that General Pope is going to take control of the army, Gen. Fremont resigning, Gen. Banks to be Assistant Sec. of War, and the Quarter Master Old Jones & Lieutenant Grover's waiter being taken prisoners.

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                                  Title:   Henry A. Smith to Family

                                  Creator:  Smith, Henry A., d. 1864

                                  Date:  1862-08-14

                                  Resource type:   correspondence

                                  Six miles south of Culpeper (Virginia) two letters included dated Aug 15 and Aug 15. Topics include an exchange of fire near the Orange Court House, the numerous rebel deaths, injuries, and prisoners, and another terrible battle at Culpeper with references to Jackson, Banks and John Pope.

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                                    Title:   Henry A. Smith to Family

                                    Creator:  Smith, Henry A., d. 1864

                                    Date:  1862-09-24

                                    Resource type:   correspondence

                                    Topics include Henry Smith losing his horse, camp punishment of John H. Willard for disobeying an order, and the numerous men who were wounded and killed.

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                                      Title:   Henry A. Smith to Family

                                      Creator:  Smith, Henry A., d. 1864

                                      Date:  1862-10-04

                                      Resource type:   correspondence

                                      Topics include encamping near Alexandria, an update on the health of Lant Blake and Gene, his unable to mail a gun home for his younger siblings, the large loss of the rebels at Orange Court House, a request for boots and gloves from home and a comment that army issue are not worth what the soldiers have to pay for them.

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                                        Title:   Henry A. Smith to Family

                                        Creator:  Smith, Henry A., d. 1864

                                        Date:  1862-11-28

                                        Resource type:   correspondence

                                        Topics include the arrival of the package from home that had includes apples and chicken but those were eaten by Jarvis Wentworth, pictures of relatives received, admiration of his new boots, Henry Smith's friend Fenney hoping to become his brother-in-law, and the death of a boy names Henry Holt of Hartland, gives advice on how to best care for a horse.

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                                          Title:   Henry Harrison Wilder to Mother

                                          Creator:  Wilder, Henry Harrison

                                          Date:  1861-10-12

                                          Resource type:   correspondence

                                          Topics include advancing on the Rebels to Prospect Hill, a battle at Hatteras Inlet where the Rebels lost many men, and two Rebels at Camp Advance that were taken prisoners. Reference to Gen. Scott, to Bull Run, to plenty of chestnuts available to eat. Also mentions the opinion that many believe the war will be short (six months)

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                                            Title:   Henry Harrison Wilder to Mother

                                            Creator:  Wilder, Henry Harrison

                                            Date:  1862-02-13

                                            Resource type:   correspondence

                                            Topics include Wilder getting his army picture taken, his plan to send it to his mother, and a victory at Roanoke Island, No. Carolina (Feb. 8), in which over 2,000 prisoners were taken.

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                                              Title:   Henry Harrison Wilder to Mother

                                              Creator:  Wilder, Henry Harrison

                                              Date:  1862-04-09

                                              Resource type:   correspondence

                                              Topics include the rebels being strongly fortified at Lee's Mill, the preparations for a hard battle (the month-long siege of Yorktown), and Merrill's sickness. Detailed description of some dead and wounded soldiers.

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                                                Title:   Henry Harrison Wilder to Mother

                                                Creator:  Wilder, Henry Harrison

                                                Date:  1862-04-23

                                                Resource type:   correspondence

                                                Topics include a request for Wilder's mother to send him stamps, Wilder's predictions that he may never return home, and a description of the battle at Yorktown. Poignant thoughts about friends and loved ones near and far away.

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                                                  Title:   Henry Harrison Wilder to Mother

                                                  Creator:  Wilder, Henry Harrison

                                                  Date:  1862-04-28

                                                  Resource type:   correspondence

                                                  Topics include two officers from the New York regiment joining the rebel army and a description of a rebel attack. Wilder is writing at the time of the Siege of Yorktown, Va.

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