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Vermonters in the Civil War

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Collection Overview

Vermont soldiers in the Civil War wrote an enormous quantity of letters and diaries, of which many thousands have survived in libraries, historical societies, and in private hands. This collection represents a selection of letters and diaries from the University of Vermont and the Vermont Historical Society.

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Time Period Covered: January 1, 1861 - February 28, 1864 


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Browsing by:    Topic: ("Battle casualties") remove term

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Title:   Valentine G. Barney to Maria Barney

Creator:  Barney, Valentine G., 1834-1889

Date:  [1861]-07-23

Resource type:   correspondence

Topics include the plan for the journey home, the death of Whitney of the Woodstock Co. by the hands of forty or fifty rebels, the capture of two rebels, and of only a few men ill in the hospital.

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    Title:   Valentine G. Barney to Maria Barney

    Creator:  Barney, Valentine G., 1834-1889

    Date:  [1861]-06-11

    Resource type:   correspondence

    Writes from Newport News, Va. on a battle between General Butler's men and a camp of secessionists at Bethel, battle casualties due to confusion among the soldiers and friendly fire, of missing men, thanks Maria for the postage stamps.

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      Title:   Valentine G. Barney to Maria Barney

      Creator:  Barney, Valentine G., 1834-1889

      Date:  [1861]-07-14

      Resource type:   correspondence

      Topics include the dates in which Valentine G. Barney will head home, the arrival of a telegraph wire from Newport News to the fort which will help the officers communicate quickly, the meeting of scouting party with Secessionists, the death of at least one of them, of 10 Union soldiers being taken prisoners and the news that the Fort is ready for use.

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        Title:   Valentine G. Barney to Maria Barney

        Creator:  Barney, Valentine G., 1834-1889

        Date:  1862-12-18

        Resource type:   correspondence

        From Camp Douglas topics include an update on the state of the regiment including men deserting, sick, discharged or joining the regular army, of sending photographs of Bushnell, Cleveland and of himself home to Maria, of Lt Sherman in camp, the loss of 13,000 Union men from Burnside’s army in recent battles, of thousands of paroled prisoners in Annapolis thus Barney needing to stay at camp through the holidays.

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          Title:   Volney S. Fullam to B. F. Butler

          Creator:  Fullam, Volney S.

          Date:  1862-08-18

          Resource type:   correspondence

          Topics include vacancies in the regiment caused by the death and sickness of some officers, the resignation and guilt of misconduct by Lt. G. W. Sheldon, and the intention to send a list of promotions.

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            Title:   Warren E. Bliss to Smiley Bancroft

            Creator:  Bliss, Warren E., 1840-1930

            Date:  1862-06-19

            Resource type:   correspondence

            Topics include moving to camp near the Chickahominy, anticipation of a battle at Richmond, the capture of Fort Darling, a description of the Battle of Fair Oaks, and the death of Charles Bancroft. Topics include moving to camp near the Chickahominy, anticipation of a battle at Richmond, the capture of Fort Darling, a description of the Battle of Fair Oaks, and the death of Charles Bancroft. Use of hot air balloons in reconnaissance is mentioned, as is the observation that many plantations are deserted by their owners and run by slaves, Gen. McClellan threatened to turn every "White House" (plantation) into a hospital.

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              Title:   Wheelock G. Veazey to Julia A. Veazey

              Creator:  Veazey, Wheelock G., 1835-1898

              Date:  1863-01-04

              Resource type:   correspondence

              Topics include picket duty over New Year’s, being stationed in a house well suited to his needs, cavalry unit having had a scrimmage nearby, mentions the death of General Kearny at Battle of Chantilly, Virginia, Sept 1, 1862 (Northern Virginia Campaign), the depleted and devastated area in which they are encamped, forests gone, Union burned many of the "splendid barracks" the Rebels had used.

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                Title:   Wheelock G. Veazey to Julia A. Veazey

                Creator:  Veazey, Wheelock G., 1835-1898

                Date:  1863-01-09

                Resource type:   correspondence

                Writing from near Fairfax Court House, is in good health, drills practiced, men lost from the 15th and 16th regiments, a reference to a battle in Tennessee (maybe the Union win at the Battle of Stones River, Dec 31, 1862-Jan. 3, 1863), reflects on how the army will deal with the discharge of the soldiers signed up for only 9 months, mentions officers' wives in camp.

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                  Title:   Wheelock G. Veazey to Julia A. Veazey

                  Creator:  Veazey, Wheelock G., 1835-1898

                  Date:  1861-08-17

                  Resource type:   correspondence

                  Topics include the sacrifice made by all the soldiers, the Vermont 2nd Regiment at Bull Run, and the fight but up by the Zouaves and the New York 69th Regiment.

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                    Title:   Wheelock G. Veazey to Julia A. Veazey

                    Creator:  Veazey, Wheelock G., 1835-1898

                    Date:  1862-06-04

                    Resource type:   correspondence

                    Topics include a reference to the Battle of Seven Pines (May 31, June 1, 1862 Fair Oaks), battle casualties, praise for the New England regiments, his opinions of how the Southerners view the Yankees, his desire for the war to be over, his feelings that some abolitionists wish for slavery's end over union of the nation.

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                      Title:   Wheelock G. Veazey to Julia A. Veazey

                      Creator:  Veazey, Wheelock G., 1835-1898

                      Date:  1861-09-11

                      Resource type:   correspondence

                      Topics include a detachment that surrounded Lewinsville in hopes of capturing a force of cavalry, however only found a small company of picket guard; as well as an attack on the Regiment that left several men wounded. This is Lt. Col. Veazey's initial account what is now known as the Battle of Lewinsville.

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                        Title:   Wheelock G. Veazey to Julia A. Veazey

                        Creator:  Veazey, Wheelock G., 1835-1898

                        Date:  1862-04-17

                        Resource type:   correspondence

                        From Camp Winfield Scott topics include Motts battery engaging the rebels, an account of Wheelock Veazey’s regiment driving the rebels back, references to several officers and their men and the losses during the skirmishes.

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                          Title:   Wheelock G. Veazey to Julia A. Veazey

                          Creator:  Veazey, Wheelock G., 1835-1898

                          Date:  1862-04-22

                          Resource type:   correspondence

                          Topics include a brief love letter, continuous firing from the rebels, men being pressed into service for the Confederate army (reference to the Irish), reference to the Merrimack, Rebel rifle pits, and the number of men who were killed or injured in the skirmishes.

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                            Title:   Wheelock G. Veazey to Julia A. Veazey

                            Creator:  Veazey, Wheelock G., 1835-1898

                            Date:  1862-05-07

                            Resource type:   correspondence

                            Writing from in the field topics include a detailed description of the fighting and victory near Williamsburg, Virginia, reference to Hookers Division, Fort Magruder, General Smith, General Hancock, the men that were injured or lost in the battle, public buildings being used as hospitals and Confederate General Ripley killed in action.

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                              Title:   Wheelock G. Veazey to Julia A. Veazey

                              Creator:  Veazey, Wheelock G., 1835-1898

                              Date:  1862-06-07

                              Resource type:   correspondence

                              Writing somewhere near Richmond, Virginia topics include expression of sadness over the death of Captain William Parker Ainsworth of Nashua (May 30, 1862), a description of the Battle of Richmond (Peninsular Campaign), his praise for General McClellan and the reporting of the favorable opinion of François-Ferdinand-Philippe-Louis-Marie d'Orléans, prince de Joinville of the Yankees.

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                                Title:   Wheelock G. Veazey to Julia A. Veazey

                                Creator:  Veazey, Wheelock G., 1835-1898

                                Date:  1862-07-05

                                Resource type:   correspondence

                                Writing from Harrison's Landing, Virginia topics include an attack by Andrew Jackson and the subsequent fighting, Veazey's taking command of the 77th New York Regiment, and the great losses of both armies, brief references to Gen. John Pope and Secretary of War Edwin M.Stanton.

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                                  Title:   William Bruidnell and Samuel Morey to William Wirt Henry

                                  Creator:  Bruidnell, William, b. 1842; Morey

                                  Date:  1862-07-19

                                  Resource type:   correspondence

                                  Topics include a description of the Battle of Mechanicsville (June 26-27, 1862), part of the Seven Days campaign near Richmond.

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                                    Title:   William C. Holbrook to Frederick Holbrook

                                    Creator:  Holbrook, William Cune, 1842-1904

                                    Date:  1862-08-08

                                    Resource type:   correspondence

                                    Topics include a description of the battle at Baton Rouge on August 5th, expresses his thoughts that the Rebels received misinformation about the strength of the Union forces thus suffering great losses, blowing up of a Rebel boat that was part of a CSA plan to attack Union gunboats, mentions "ram On Ransom", the death of Colonel George T. Roberts and General Williams.

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                                      Title:   William C. Holbrook to Mother

                                      Creator:  Holbrook, William Cune, 1842-1904

                                      Date:  1862-08-14

                                      Resource type:   correspondence

                                      Topics include the number of men that were killed and wounded at the battle of Baton Rouge August 5th, lost of his "boy Jack" [does he refer to a Black man in his service or to a child?], the loss of Col. Roberts, the unpopularity of the current officer Col. Faillam, the men's request that Holbrook replace Faillam, Holbrook’s desire to go into a regiment located in Virginia, Gen. Phelps and his opinions on the slave question, Gen. Butler's compliments to the regiment for its brave conduct in the Baton Rouge battle, sending home of the Secessionist's flag retrieved from Fort Pike, desire for newspapers from Vt.

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                                        Title:   William Wirt Henry to Mary Jane Henry

                                        Creator:  Henry, William Wirt, 1831-1915

                                        Date:  1863-07-07

                                        Resource type:   correspondence

                                        Written in camp in the field, letter discusses local politics back home, warning that they shouldn’t nominate any Democrats. Reports of a fight involving the First Vermont Cavalry Regiment near Williamsport, casualties, as well as the death of fellow Vermonters. He mentions that Major Wells fought like a “tiger”, men is good spirits, reflects on Gen. Lee is being defeated.

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                                          Title:   William Wirt Henry to Mary Jane Henry

                                          Creator:  Henry, William Wirt, 1831-1915

                                          Date:  1863-10-20

                                          Resource type:   correspondence

                                          A short letter written to reassure his wife, mentions arriving at Bull Run, marching, camping near Manassas Junction, the battle of Bristoe Station, Virginia (October 14), casualties of the rebels, horses killed and the number of cannons captured.

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                                            Title:   William Wirt Henry to Mary Jane Henry

                                            Creator:  Henry, William Wirt, 1831-1915

                                            Date:  1862-01-22

                                            Resource type:   correspondence

                                            Topics include Captain Dillingham returning to Brattleboro, the recommendation of Lieutenant Johnson for Captain, deep mud all over camp restricting movement, expecting the Elixir soon and hopes to sell it, the number of deaths in the regiment, and a description of Ed Wells.

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                                              Title:   [Frances] E. Carter to Grammama

                                              Creator:  Carter, Frances E.

                                              Date:  1862-07-31

                                              Resource type:   correspondence

                                              Wilder's niece writes a letter of condolence to her grandmother for his death.

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                                                Title:   [Henry Harrison Wilder] to Mother

                                                Creator:  Wilder, Henry Harrison

                                                Date:  1861-09-30

                                                Resource type:   correspondence

                                                Henry writes from his camp at Chain Bridge of his journey made by the 5th Regiment of Vermont Volunteers from Springfield to Washington D.C. and on to Marellian Hill and then to Chain Bridge. Speaks of soldiers being shot almost everyday by the Rebels and of orders to march to Fairfax Court, requests postage stamps.

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                                                  Creator:  Barney, Valentine G., 1834-1889

                                                  Date:  1863-04-26

                                                  Resource type:   correspondence

                                                  A reconnaissance in force made by General [Michael] Corcoran, while Barney was part of the reserve left behind. Writes of rifle pits, his lack of sleep, being part of a labor party building a fort, of the area’s fortifications, of a sharpshooter who kept firing at his company until driven off by a 12 pounder shot, of prisoners taken, casualties, mud and sending money home.

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