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Vermonters in the Civil War

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Collection Overview

Vermont soldiers in the Civil War wrote an enormous quantity of letters and diaries, of which many thousands have survived in libraries, historical societies, and in private hands. This collection represents a selection of letters and diaries from the University of Vermont and the Vermont Historical Society.

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Time Period Covered: January 1, 1861 - February 28, 1864 


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Browsing by:    Topic: ("Drill and minor tactics") remove term  Topic: ("Drill and minor tactics") remove term  Topic: ("Drill and minor tactics") remove term

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Title:   Roswell Farnham to Laura

Creator:  Farnham, Roswell, 1827-1903

Date:  1863-04-12

Resource type:   correspondence

Topics include the good times the officers' wives are having in camp, the watching of the Guard Mounting, Picket Guard Mounting, battery practice and regiment drill, ladies sent to Alexandria as orders received that the whole brigade is to move and information about Cyrus’ death and belongings.

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    Title:   Roswell Farnham to Laura

    Creator:  Farnham, Roswell, 1827-1903

    Date:  1862-10-13

    Resource type:   correspondence

    Topics include the accommodations in camp, Roswell Farnham’s health, and Roswell Farnham teaching the commissioned officers of the right wing.

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      Title:   Roswell Farnham to Mary [Farnham]

      Creator:  Farnham, Roswell, 1827-1903

      Date:  1861-05-05

      Resource type:   correspondence

      Topics include camp life, food (lack of some items, abundance of others), daily routine, occasional discomforts. Farnham mentions rumors that the Regiment won't be sent to the South but more likely to New York, even though most of the men are looking forward to battle. Some discussion about postal service, i.e. how long a letter will take for sender and recipient. Col. Phelps is lauded as a good disciplinarian.

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        Title:   Roswell Farnham to Mary [Farnham]

        Creator:  Farnham, Roswell, 1827-1903

        Date:  1861-05-08

        Resource type:   correspondence

        Topics include acting as Adjutant of the Regiment at Camp Fairbanks, Rutland, and considering a commission in the army with the rank of captain. Farnham mentions his high regard for his superiors, especially Ge. Baxter, and how much the soldiers look forward to arriving at Fort Monroe and eventually training for battle.

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          Title:   Roswell Farnham to Mary [Farnham]

          Creator:  Farnham, Roswell, 1827-1903

          Date:  1861-05-18

          Resource type:   correspondence

          Topics include the safety of the fort; definition of "columbiad" (delivers 10-inch cannonball); living arrangements (Willard Hotel); officers' food versus soldiers' food; daily drill and men's complaints; several lines about health concerns, children's health, not getting mail, and correct mailing address. Names: Pickett, John Prichard, Andross, Stearns, Charlie Peters, Mr. Batchelder, Woodstock Company.

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            Title:   Roswell Farnham to Mary [Farnham]

            Creator:  Farnham, Roswell, 1827-1903

            Date:  1862-10-12

            Resource type:   correspondence

            Topics include buying necessities for camp, the movement of the regiments around them, and the anticipation of several hours of battalion drills.

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              Title:   Roswell Farnham to [Mary Farnham]

              Creator:  Farnham, Roswell, 1827-1903

              Date:  1861-06-16

              Resource type:   correspondence

              Topics include: gratitude among the men for gifts of food (incl. maple sugar) and other "luxuries"; Major Worthen's scouting expedition, which led to a small skirmish and some casualties among some St. Albans and Swanton soldiers; press inaccuracies; life at camp; how he misses his books and reading; other domestic matters.

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                Title:   Roswell Farnham to [Mary Farnham]

                Creator:  Farnham, Roswell, 1827-1903

                Date:  1861-07-05

                Resource type:   correspondence

                Topics include an encounter between the Zouaves and Rebels, flap-jacks and doughnuts in camp, an African-American prisoner by the name of Joe Wilson, the probability of not engaging in a fight, and the bugs and mosquitoes at camp.

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                  Title:   Roswell Farnham to [Mary Farnham]

                  Creator:  Farnham, Roswell, 1827-1903

                  Date:  1862-10-17

                  Resource type:   correspondence

                  Topics include performing several hours of battalion drills and reviews, rumors that the regiment will remain in Washington through the winter, and inquiries about the people at home.

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                    Title:   Roswell Farnham to [Mary Farnham]

                    Creator:  Farnham, Roswell, 1827-1903

                    Date:  1862-10-23

                    Resource type:   correspondence

                    Topics include the improvement of Roswell Farnham’s foot injury, the cold weather at camp, and the number of regiments joining the camp.

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                      Title:   Solomon G. Heaton to Mother

                      Creator:  Heaton, Solomon G.

                      Date:  1861-12-25

                      Resource type:   correspondence

                      Topics include a brief account of Thanksgiving and Christmas at Camp Griffin.

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                        Title:   Valentine G. Barney to Maria Barney

                        Creator:  Barney, Valentine G., 1834-1889

                        Date:  1861-05-24

                        Resource type:   correspondence

                        Topics include the journey from Fort Monroe, Virginia to Hampton, the Secessionists setting fire to a bridge that lead to the village, the Colonel being asked to not molest, assault or otherwise interfere with the citizens of Hampton, mentions Sewells Point where the enemy had built a battery, reference to the state election about secession from the union, speaks of his love for his family.

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                          Title:   Valentine G. Barney to Maria Barney

                          Creator:  Barney, Valentine G., 1834-1889

                          Date:  [1861]-06-03

                          Resource type:   correspondence

                          Barney writes from Newport News, Virginia on the construction of a trench and accounts of alarms from the picket guard including a mule causing one of the alarms. Writes of the 2500 men, their disappointment at not being able to fire upon the Secessionists, fears the box from Swanton will not arrive at all, of the presence of 25 or 30 slaves, of horses, mules, dogs being brought in to camp, requests postage stamps and envelopes.

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                            Title:   Valentine G. Barney to Maria Barney

                            Creator:  Barney, Valentine G., 1834-1889

                            Date:  1861-06-19

                            Resource type:   correspondence

                            Topics include an account of a day of camp life when the regiment is "not on labor", the receipt of a box from home with envelopes, postage stamps, Sunday School singing books, of the family.

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                              Title:   Wheelock G. Veazey to Albin Beard

                              Creator:  Veazey, Wheelock G., 1835-1898

                              Date:  [1861-10-06]

                              Resource type:   correspondence

                              Topics include the cleanliness of the camp and the arrival of Wheelock G. Veazey’s horse.

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                                Title:   Wheelock G. Veazey to Albin Beard, Albin Beard to Wheelock G. Veazey

                                Creator:  Veazey, Wheelock G., 1835-1898; Beard, Albin

                                Date:  [1861]-09-08

                                Resource type:   correspondence

                                Topics include the assignment of Wheelock G. Veazey’s regiment to the post of honor within their division of the army.

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                                  Title:   Wheelock G. Veazey to Julia A. Veazey

                                  Creator:  Veazey, Wheelock G., 1835-1898

                                  Date:  [1861]-08-02

                                  Resource type:   correspondence

                                  Topics include Wheelock G. Veazey telling his wife Julia A. Veazey how much he loves and misses her as well as the Regiment’s location on the banks of the Potomac near Washington.

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                                    Title:   Wheelock G. Veazey to Julia A. Veazey

                                    Creator:  Veazey, Wheelock G., 1835-1898

                                    Date:  1861-08-09

                                    Resource type:   correspondence

                                    Topics include the measures taken by the camp to secure their safety.

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                                      Title:   Wheelock G. Veazey to Julia A. Veazey

                                      Creator:  Veazey, Wheelock G., 1835-1898

                                      Date:  1861-08-18

                                      Resource type:   correspondence

                                      Topics include plans to capture a company in Virginia, the danger the Capitol is in according to General Smith, and the preventative steps being taken to protect it.

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                                        Title:   Wheelock G. Veazey to Julia A. Veazey

                                        Creator:  Veazey, Wheelock G., 1835-1898

                                        Date:  [1861]-08-21

                                        Resource type:   correspondence

                                        Topics include the safe return of the company from an expedition.

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                                          Title:   Wheelock G. Veazey to Julia A. Veazey

                                          Creator:  Veazey, Wheelock G., 1835-1898

                                          Date:  1861-09-11

                                          Resource type:   correspondence

                                          Topics include a detachment that surrounded Lewinsville in hopes of capturing a force of cavalry, however only found a small company of picket guard; as well as an attack on the Regiment that left several men wounded. This is Lt. Col. Veazey's initial account what is now known as the Battle of Lewinsville.

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                                            Title:   Wheelock G. Veazey to Julia A. Veazey

                                            Creator:  Veazey, Wheelock G., 1835-1898

                                            Date:  [1861]-09-14

                                            Resource type:   correspondence

                                            Topics include Wheelock G. Veazey’s position as field officer of the day, the lack of sleep the soldiers are experiencing, and the ease with which the Rebels could attack the Regiment.

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                                              Title:   Wheelock G. Veazey to Julia A. Veazey

                                              Creator:  Veazey, Wheelock G., 1835-1898

                                              Date:  [1861]-09-25

                                              Resource type:   correspondence

                                              Topics include a skirmish in which a Rebel officer was taken prisoner and Wheelock G. Veazey’s black servant that he hired to work for him.

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                                                Title:   Wheelock G. Veazey to Julia A. Veazey

                                                Creator:  Veazey, Wheelock G., 1835-1898

                                                Date:  [1861]-10-04

                                                Resource type:   correspondence

                                                Topics include General Hancock being in command of the 1st Brigade.

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                                                  Title:   Wheelock G. Veazey to Julia A. Veazey

                                                  Creator:  Veazey, Wheelock G., 1835-1898

                                                  Date:  [1861]-10-15

                                                  Resource type:   correspondence

                                                  Topics include Colonel Hyde being occupied with special business. Wheelock G. Veazey taking command, and reconnoitering in enemy territory.

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