page top

Vermonters in the Civil War

Bookbag (0)
collection image

Collection Overview

Vermont soldiers in the Civil War wrote an enormous quantity of letters and diaries, of which many thousands have survived in libraries, historical societies, and in private hands. This collection represents a selection of letters and diaries from the University of Vermont and the Vermont Historical Society.

More...

Time Period Covered: January 1, 1861 - February 28, 1864 


Search Collection:
within

Browse Options

Creator(s)

More...

Recipient(s)

More...

Place(s)

More...

Format(s)

Genre(s)

Topic(s)

More...

Browsing by:    Topic: ("Food") remove term

Add to bookbag

Title:   Joseph Rutherford to [Hannah Rutherford]

Creator:  Rutherford, Joseph Chase, 1818-1902

Date:  1864-11-23

Resource type:   correspondence

Philosophical reflections on the origins and meanings of Thanksgiving from Rutherford’s perspective, and a breakdown of their intended feast with an explanation of the reasons they have to be thankful.

Matches [0]:


    Add to bookbag

    Title:   Joseph Rutherford to [Hannah Rutherford]

    Creator:  Rutherford, Joseph Chase, 1818-1902

    Date:  1864-11-29

    Resource type:   correspondence

    Topics include description of the masses of food consumed over Thanksgiving dinner and the nature of the festivity,news that they will be on the march yet again, not being able to be home for Christmas.

    Matches [0]:


      Add to bookbag

      Title:   Joseph Rutherford to [Hannah Rutherford]

      Creator:  Rutherford, Joseph Chase, 1818-1902

      Date:  1863-01-02

      Resource type:   correspondence

      Writing from camp at White's Ford (over the Potomac River) two letters dated Jan 2 and Jan 6 include topics of a description of the night of the expected fight, of having enough food to eat that he is gaining weight, of the camp's glee club singing, of being homesick and wanting a leave but may be on the eve of "some great event", a description of the camp ground, promotions within the camp including himself as Acting Surgeon and the possibility of a brigade hospital being created with himself most likely being put in charge of it.

      Matches [0]:


        Add to bookbag

        Title:   Joseph Rutherford to [Hannah Rutherford]

        Creator:  Rutherford, Joseph Chase, 1818-1902

        Date:  1863-04-10

        Resource type:   correspondence

        Topics include the progress being made on the house, military pay slow in being received, the children's bad reactions to a vaccination with suggestion for treatment, follow up visits to Mr. Trundle with his erysipelas, a big dinner in camp with the officers including Col. Jewett, the men practice shooting a new rifle received in camp with targets being cattle grazing across the river owned by the Secessionists and a flock to ducks.

        Matches [0]:


          Add to bookbag

          Title:   Joseph Rutherford to [Hannah Rutherford]

          Creator:  Rutherford, Joseph Chase, 1818-1902

          Date:  1863-06-07

          Resource type:   correspondence

          Topics include Hannah not yet in the new house and Rutherford anxious for her comfort, having a very pleasant officer's life visiting with Dr. Childe, his wife and other officers, Mrs. Childe to entertain by singing, mentions they being stationed at the extreme outpost for the defense of Washington, D.C., description of a medical account to Mr. Coburn by Rutherford for neutering Coburn's cat, fresh beef and berries in the area for eating, and the health of the children.

          Matches [0]:


            Add to bookbag

            Title:   Joseph Rutherford to [Hannah Rutherford]

            Creator:  Rutherford, Joseph Chase, 1818-1902

            Date:  1863-07-07

            Resource type:   correspondence

            Writing two letters dated July 7th and 8th from South Mountain Pass, Maryland topics include the deplorable state of Rebel prisoners captured, the kindness of the Vermont Regiment towards the prisoners by giving the Confederates their rations, prisoners marching to Washington, D. C., his reflections on the battle at South Mountain that took place September 1862, Union destruction of Rebel pontoon bridges, one time the troops rejoice at the heavy rain as it keeps the river high and having potatoes and fresh berries to eat.

            Matches [0]:


              Add to bookbag

              Title:   Joseph Rutherford to [Hannah Rutherford]

              Creator:  Rutherford, Joseph Chase, 1818-1902

              Date:  1863-07-19

              Resource type:   correspondence

              Writing from in the field up in the mountains near Snickers Gap, Virginia topics include marching to catch Gen. Robert E. Lee, pillage of livestock for food by some of the soldiers that include chickens and hogs from nearby farms as well as having fresh blackberries, sleeping on the wet ground, spending time looking at photographs of loved ones and poking fun at themselves in harsh living conditions.

              Matches [0]:


                Add to bookbag

                Title:   Joseph Rutherford to [Hannah Rutherford]

                Creator:  Rutherford, Joseph Chase, 1818-1902

                Date:  1863-07-27

                Resource type:   correspondence

                Writing a very brief letter from Warrenton, Virginia topics include the continuous marching, lack of food, the hardships the men are currently facing met with cheerfulness, moving on to Culpeper, then to Gordonsville and hopefully on to Richmond.

                Matches [0]:


                  Add to bookbag

                  Title:   Joseph Rutherford to [Hannah Rutherford]

                  Creator:  Rutherford, Joseph Chase, 1818-1902

                  Date:  1863-08-08

                  Resource type:   correspondence

                  Writing in the field near White Sulphur Springs, Virginia topics include the one year anniversary of joining the army, reflections on life, war and family, Col. Jewett and Capt Frost recruiting the drafted men, no food in the wasted countryside, and men endure their hardships.

                  Matches [0]:


                    Add to bookbag

                    Title:   Joseph Rutherford to [Hannah Rutherford]

                    Creator:  Rutherford, Joseph Chase, 1818-1902

                    Date:  1863-10-22

                    Resource type:   correspondence

                    From Catlett's Station, Virginia on the Orange & Alexandria Rail Road, Virginia topics include a description of a battle with Stuart's men near the Bull Run location in which the Union was victorious, many killed, wounded, artillery captured, wrote the newspapers were mistaken as to the outcome of the battle, his cost of living, high cost of food, glad for the comfort of Rutherford’s family at home, and marching to continue.

                    Matches [0]:


                      Add to bookbag

                      Title:   Joseph Rutherford to [Hannah Rutherford]

                      Creator:  Rutherford, Joseph Chase, 1818-1902

                      Date:  1863-11-19

                      Resource type:   correspondence

                      Topics include sending military pay home, of high cost of food, the lack of food, wishing to hear more often from home and Colonel Henry taking a leave due to sickness.

                      Matches [0]:


                        Add to bookbag

                        Title:   Joseph Spafford to Mary Jane Spafford

                        Creator:  Spafford, Joseph, 1837-1866

                        Date:  1863-05-16

                        Resource type:   correspondence

                        Writing a illustrated letter head stationery in an abandoned home, Spafford writes of guarding the Kettle Run Bridge in Virginia, a brief description of the deserted and burned homes between Manassas Junction and Warrenton Junction, using an old wind mill as a look out tower, the building of block houses for the men allowing them to shoot in all directions, being able to get milk and eggs, having stray dogs stealing fresh beef from the soldiers, inquiries about the draft in Vermont and talk among the men due to be released from the army.

                        Matches [0]:


                          Add to bookbag

                          Title:   Joseph Spafford to Mary Jane Spafford

                          Creator:  Spafford, Joseph, 1837-1866

                          Date:  1863-07-16

                          Resource type:   correspondence

                          Unit has marched to Berlin, Maryland near Harper's Ferry, military duty ends July 23rd, most likely not see any more action before leaving the army, returning to Brattleboro by the 1st of August, asks about those pants he requested made, expresses his opinion on the New York City draft riot (July 13 - 16, 1863), mentions a eating warm biscuit & blackberry pie for dinner.

                          Matches [0]:


                            Add to bookbag

                            Title:   Justus E. Gale to Father

                            Creator:  Gale, Justus F., 1837-1863

                            Date:  1862-03-28

                            Resource type:   correspondence

                            Two letters one dated March 28th and one April 6th.Topics include a description of the journey to Ship Island, Mississippi, being seasick, about the food and hard bread, poor quality water and little of it, writes of his faith in God and his sighting of the island.

                            Matches [0]:


                              Add to bookbag

                              Title:   Justus E. Gale to Father

                              Creator:  Gale, Justus F., 1837-1863

                              Date:  1862-12-13

                              Resource type:   correspondence

                              Topics include the health of Justus Gale, the mistaken attack (friendly fire) by the Indiana regiment, the process of making sugar done by the slaves, and the daily drilling in camp.

                              Matches [0]:


                                Add to bookbag

                                Title:   Justus E. Gale to Sister

                                Creator:  Gale, Justus F., 1837-1863

                                Date:  1862-11-29

                                Resource type:   correspondence

                                Topics include the movement of the regiment to Brashear City, of city purchases by Justus Gale of barrels of apples which he resold by the piece, of buying tobacco, postage stamps, writing supplies, local terms for cash money, of commanding officers of 3rd Louisiana colored regiment and the dry weather.

                                Matches [0]:


                                  Add to bookbag

                                  Title:   Justus F. Gale to Brother

                                  Creator:  Gale, Justus F., 1837-1863

                                  Date:  1862-01-24

                                  Resource type:   correspondence

                                  Two letters in one dated Jan 24th and Jan 26th. Topics include the expectation that the war will end in a couple of months, waiting for military pay, anxious to hear from home, Sergeant U. A. Woodbury drilling the company, the stormy weather at camp, the bad food being served except for good bread from a local bakery, the good health of Gale and of him sending a picture in this letter.

                                  Matches [0]:


                                    Add to bookbag

                                    Title:   Justus F. Gale to Brother

                                    Creator:  Gale, Justus F., 1837-1863

                                    Date:  1862-02-07

                                    Resource type:   correspondence

                                    Writing from Brattleboro, Vermont, topics include news of bombardment of Fort Henry on the Tennessee River (February 6, 1862) by Commodore Andrew Hull Foote (officer of the U.S. Navy) and General Ulysses S. Grant, a skirmish that resulted in finding a barrel of rum, food sometimes good but not the hash made in camp and the vaccination of the company for pox.

                                    Matches [0]:


                                      Add to bookbag

                                      Title:   Justus F. Gale to Brother

                                      Creator:  Gale, Justus F., 1837-1863

                                      Date:  1862-04-24

                                      Resource type:   correspondence

                                      Two letters dated April 24th and 25th. Topics include the capture of Fort Jackson(?) ; fort south of the city of New Orleans, Louisiana, [battle April 18-28], the food at camp good except greasy pork meat, and the schedule for the day including battalion drills and dress parade.

                                      Matches [0]:


                                        Add to bookbag

                                        Title:   Justus F. Gale to Brother

                                        Creator:  Gale, Justus F., 1837-1863

                                        Date:  1862-05-25

                                        Resource type:   correspondence

                                        Topics include the process of choosing new officers and police in New Orleans, Gen. Butler's orders to the N.O. police being refused, illness among some of the soldiers, fruit berries available, other provisions few and expensive, summary of all the letters that have been received by Justus Gale, and how welcome the Vermont regiment is in New Orleans.

                                        Matches [0]:


                                          Add to bookbag

                                          Title:   Justus F. Gale to Father

                                          Creator:  Gale, Justus F., 1837-1863

                                          Date:  1862-06-06

                                          Resource type:   correspondence

                                          Topics include the good living conditions in New Orleans, the Indiana regiment taking meat from the rebels, been on cooking duty, good meals, fresh beef, waiting for military pay and the possibility of leaving soon.

                                          Matches [0]:


                                            Add to bookbag

                                            Title:   Justus F. Gale to Father

                                            Creator:  Gale, Justus F., 1837-1863

                                            Date:  1862-06-14

                                            Resource type:   correspondence

                                            Topics include the living conditions and food in New Orleans, continues with cooking duty, the good weather, soldiers bringing back to camp chickens, eggs, an account of the poor treatment of slaves, two slave boys being rescued from ill treatment from their masters, and the observance of Sabbath in camp, wishing to know more news of the war than he can get in the South.

                                            Matches [0]:


                                              Add to bookbag

                                              Title:   Justus F. Gale to Father

                                              Creator:  Gale, Justus F., 1837-1863

                                              Date:  1863-05-13

                                              Resource type:   correspondence

                                              Gale writes to his father a description of the land through which he is marching, as the Brigade travels up and down the Red River in pursuit of Confederate forces. He also gives a short description of the Battle of Fort Bisland, and then goes on to describe the fresh food available to the soldiers. He encloses with the letter a plate he used to eat lunch on that day, made of the bark of a Sweetgum tree, as most of his equipment had to be left at the camp at Brashear City.

                                              Matches [0]:


                                                Add to bookbag

                                                Title:   Justus F. Gale to Mother

                                                Creator:  Gale, Justus F., 1837-1863

                                                Date:  1862-04-06

                                                Resource type:   correspondence

                                                Two letters dated April 4th and 6th. Writing after arriving at Ship Island, Mississippi topics include observing the Sabbath,his devotion for the Bible, arriving on shore, digging and finding plenty of fresh water, being treated with food from the Mass. 30th, thinking war may be over before he gets a chance to fight and the expectation of capturing New Orleans.

                                                Matches [0]:


                                                  Add to bookbag

                                                  Title:   Justus F. Gale to Mother

                                                  Creator:  Gale, Justus F., 1837-1863

                                                  Date:  1863-07-01

                                                  Resource type:   correspondence

                                                  Gale writes that his company had been busy digging entrenchments in preparation for an assault on Port Hudson, and that rebels made a small raid to acquire some nearby guns but were repulsed. He also writes that deserters are coming in almost every day and report that rations are short in the fort. As well he writes that there is a rumor that the Rebels had invaded Brashear City and took or burned items left by the 8th Regiment, and the Colonel Thomas reacted strongly, saying “he wished he could get one clip at them with his brigade.”

                                                  Matches [0]: