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Vermonters in the Civil War

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Collection Overview

Vermont soldiers in the Civil War wrote an enormous quantity of letters and diaries, of which many thousands have survived in libraries, historical societies, and in private hands. This collection represents a selection of letters and diaries from the University of Vermont and the Vermont Historical Society.

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Time Period Covered: January 1, 1861 - February 28, 1864 


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Browsing by:    Topic: ("Morale") remove term  Format: ("text") remove term

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Title:   Roswell Farnham to [Mary Farnham]

Creator:  Farnham, Roswell, 1827-1903

Date:  1863-04-13

Resource type:   correspondence

Roswell Farnham checks up on his wife, Mary ; expresses being sad and lonely once she had left camp, asks her to write him and tell him how to direct his letters to her, instructions to her if she needs money and for her to check her clothing for vermin since she was in camp for such a long time.

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    Title:   Roswell Farnham to [Mary Farnham]

    Creator:  Farnham, Roswell, 1827-1903

    Date:  1861-06-09

    Resource type:   correspondence

    Topics include the duties of Provost Marshall, including the reception of runaway slaves. Mentions alerts for battle and false alarms; and illness within the regiment.

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      Title:   Roswell Farnham to [Mary Farnham]

      Creator:  Farnham, Roswell, 1827-1903

      Date:  1861-06-25

      Resource type:   correspondence

      Topics include monotony of camp life, the warm weather, and rumors around camp that an attack is imminent. Farnham assures wife that rebels would need a large army to attack them so close to Fort Monroe.

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        Title:   Solomon G. Heaton to Father

        Creator:  Heaton, Solomon G.

        Date:  1862-10-30

        Resource type:   correspondence

        As Heaton indicates, the Army of the Potomac crossed the river into Virginia at the time this letter was written (Gen. George McClellan would soon be removed, however, and succeeded by Gen. Ambrose Burnside). There is no record of a "very hard fight" at Gordonsville, Va. Gen. Wm. Buel Franklin was implicated in some intrigue against Burnside, and both were relieved of their command in Jan., 1863. Heaton complains about harsh treatment by his commanding officer and being denied a rubber blanket. Nevertheless, he claims to be in good spirits.

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          Title:   Theodore Barton to Sister

          Creator:  Barton, Theodore

          Date:  1862-09-29

          Resource type:   correspondence

          Topics include the journey from Harrison's Landing to Boliver via Newport News and Alexandria. Names several wounded and deceased soldiers, perhaps known by his sister. Concludes with a somewhat gruesome description of "picnic."

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            Title:   Valentine G. Barney to Maria Barney

            Creator:  Barney, Valentine G., 1834-1889

            Date:  1863-01-11

            Resource type:   correspondence

            Barney still at Camp Douglas in Chicago and still hopes to be exchanged, writes of his loneliness and how the officers amuse themselves, the health of the Regiment, of light cases of small pox among the men, of hopes of being able to regain the money lost and inquires about family members.

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              Title:   Valentine G. Barney to Maria Barney

              Creator:  Barney, Valentine G., 1834-1889

              Date:  1863-02-15

              Resource type:   correspondence

              Topics include his desire to return home to play with his children, his worry about hearing that the family home was nearly lost in a fire, and how visiting with acquaintances helps him keep from being homesick.

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                Title:   Valentine G. Barney to Maria Barney

                Creator:  Barney, Valentine G., 1834-1889

                Date:  1862-09-06

                Resource type:   correspondence

                Topics include the regiment marching towards Harpers Ferry, the regiment disheartened to being ordered to retreat, loss of much equipment and people left behind in the hospital, the destruction of supplies left behind, their hard march to current location, the brief mention of a "heavy battles". (Maryland Campaign Sept 3-15, 1862). Reference to prisoners being paroled.

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                  Title:   Valentine G. Barney to Maria Barney

                  Creator:  Barney, Valentine G., 1834-1889

                  Date:  1862-10-01

                  Resource type:   correspondence

                  Writing from Chicago topics include the journey to an area 2 miles from Chicago, a description of the living quarters that include a good dinner, fixing up the sheds they are living in which are on the fairgrounds (the site of a Sanitary Fair to benefit soldier relief funds, Oct. 27, 1863), the morale of the men, food of pork, bread, beef, talk of being relocated to Minnesota, and the disparate need for money.

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                    Title:   Valentine G. Barney to Maria Barney

                    Creator:  Barney, Valentine G., 1834-1889

                    Date:  1861-07-07

                    Resource type:   correspondence

                    Writes of his uncertainty of when he will head home, of the men being anxious to be out of the army and away from camp life, a visit from Sect. Cameron, of the family

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                      Title:   Valentine G. Barney to Maria Barney

                      Creator:  Barney, Valentine G., 1834-1889

                      Date:  1862-07-13

                      Resource type:   correspondence

                      Writing from Camp Davis in Brattleboro, topics include Barney being made officer of the day tomorrow, feeling proud of that, and the plan to march to Washington.

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                        Title:   Valentine G. Barney to Maria Barney

                        Creator:  Barney, Valentine G., 1834-1889

                        Date:  1862-07-27

                        Resource type:   correspondence

                        Writing from Camp Siegle, Virginia, topics include the journey to camp, their train cars running off the track with no injuries to the men, other men camping in the area being demoralized. He is in Gen. Piatts Brigade and Pope's division. Writes the hill being fortified with hard labor by the men, food in camp being good but not so good when on the move. Mentions the boys from Swanton being well. Six rebel scouts captured, one believed to pretend to be crazy but a grave ordered to be dug for the prisoner in hopes of getting him to confess his pretense.

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                          Title:   Valentine G. Barney to Maria Barney

                          Creator:  Barney, Valentine G., 1834-1889

                          Date:  1862-12-10

                          Resource type:   correspondence

                          From Camp Douglas topics include the continued improvement of Barney’s health, being busy with issues with the company including low morale and discipline, the good weather in Chicago and having received a photo of Maria.

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                            Title:   Valentine G. Barney to Maria Barney

                            Creator:  Barney, Valentine G., 1834-1889

                            Date:  1862-09-10

                            Resource type:   correspondence

                            Writing from Bolivar Heights, West Virginia topics include not hearing from the men left at "W" (Winchester? or Washington?) and the regiment encamping with the 60th Ohio Regiment and the 126th New York Regiment, not hearing or having any word of what military actions are taking place unless troops hear the firing of guns, reference to prisoners being paroled, of soldier committing suicide and Barney encouraging troops to partake in evening singing to keep up morale. Maryland Campaign Sept 3-15, 1862.

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                              Title:   W. C. Holbrook to John Wolcott Phelps

                              Creator:  Holbrook, W. C.

                              Date:  1863-04-18

                              Resource type:   correspondence

                              Topics include investigation of the 7th Vermont Regiment's role in the Battle of Baton Rouge, and the suggestion to bring charges against General Butler. The writer, Col. Holbrook, apologizes for not representing the regiment as well as he could have, were he more experienced in the Courts of Inquiry. Holbrook mentions "a good deal of marching and counter marching" in the Baton Rouge area.

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                                Title:   Wheelock G. Veazey to Albin Beard

                                Creator:  Veazey, Wheelock G., 1835-1898

                                Date:  [1861-10-06]

                                Resource type:   correspondence

                                Topics include the cleanliness of the camp and the arrival of Wheelock G. Veazey’s horse.

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                                  Title:   Wheelock G. Veazey to Albin Beard, Albin Beard to Wheelock G. Veazey

                                  Creator:  Veazey, Wheelock G., 1835-1898; Beard, Albin

                                  Date:  [1861]-09-08

                                  Resource type:   correspondence

                                  Topics include the assignment of Wheelock G. Veazey’s regiment to the post of honor within their division of the army.

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                                    Title:   Wheelock G. Veazey to Julia A. Veazey

                                    Creator:  Veazey, Wheelock G., 1835-1898

                                    Date:  1863-01-22

                                    Resource type:   correspondence

                                    Topics include moving to camp near Fairfax Station, giving advice to others, threatening to leave the country if the Union does not succeed, expressing strong political opinions, a description of the governmental parties, stating President Lincoln being nervous about the next Congress, wishing the President would be politically stronger.

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                                      Title:   Wheelock G. Veazey to Julia A. Veazey

                                      Creator:  Veazey, Wheelock G., 1835-1898

                                      Date:  1863-01-25

                                      Resource type:   correspondence

                                      Topics include the warm weather, Chester’s resignation, opinions of the critics at home and Wheelock’s plan to go back to school after leaving the army.

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                                        Title:   Wheelock G. Veazey to Julia A. Veazey

                                        Creator:  Veazey, Wheelock G., 1835-1898

                                        Date:  1861-08-14

                                        Resource type:   correspondence

                                        Topics include the cold weather in camp and one of the corporals cutting off his thumb.

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                                          Title:   Wheelock G. Veazey to Julia A. Veazey

                                          Creator:  Veazey, Wheelock G., 1835-1898

                                          Date:  1861-08-17

                                          Resource type:   correspondence

                                          Topics include the sacrifice made by all the soldiers, the Vermont 2nd Regiment at Bull Run, and the fight but up by the Zouaves and the New York 69th Regiment.

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                                            Title:   Wheelock G. Veazey to Julia A. Veazey

                                            Creator:  Veazey, Wheelock G., 1835-1898

                                            Date:  1861-08-18

                                            Resource type:   correspondence

                                            Topics include plans to capture a company in Virginia, the danger the Capitol is in according to General Smith, and the preventative steps being taken to protect it.

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                                              Title:   Wheelock G. Veazey to Julia A. Veazey

                                              Creator:  Veazey, Wheelock G., 1835-1898

                                              Date:  [1861]-08-21

                                              Resource type:   correspondence

                                              Topics include the safe return of the company from an expedition.

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                                                Title:   Wheelock G. Veazey to Julia A. Veazey

                                                Creator:  Veazey, Wheelock G., 1835-1898

                                                Date:  1861-08-25

                                                Resource type:   correspondence

                                                Topics include Wheelock G. Veazey being in command of the Regiment for about a week, scouting Virginia, and General Smith making recommendations for Lt. Col. Hyde to be promoted to Col. and Wheelock G. Veazey to be promoted to Lt. Col.

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                                                  Title:   Wheelock G. Veazey to Julia A. Veazey

                                                  Creator:  Veazey, Wheelock G., 1835-1898

                                                  Date:  1861-07-21

                                                  Resource type:   correspondence

                                                  Topics include a description of a riot Wheelock G. Veazey was in charge of dissipating because of the absence of Colonel Hyde.

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