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Vermonters in the Civil War

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Collection Overview

Vermont soldiers in the Civil War wrote an enormous quantity of letters and diaries, of which many thousands have survived in libraries, historical societies, and in private hands. This collection represents a selection of letters and diaries from the University of Vermont and the Vermont Historical Society.

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Time Period Covered: January 1, 1861 - February 28, 1864 


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Title:   E. T. Johnson to Mary [Farnham]

Creator:  Johnson, E. T.

Date:  1862-10-03

Resource type:   correspondence

Topics include several companies camping on the riverbank in Maryland, Jackson’s army assembling in Leasburg, and preparing to march most likely to Edwards Ferry.

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    Title:   E. V. N. Hitchcock to John Wolcott Phelps

    Creator:  Hitchcock, E. V. N.

    Date:  1863-03-02

    Resource type:   correspondence

    Topics include camping outside of Fort Pickens at Camp Stoughton, the good health of the regiment, the reorganization of the Army of the Potomac, and the ungentleman-like ways the officers act. Hitchcock's mood is fairly upbeat but realistic: predicting the end of the war is difficult; a long expected attack on the island never occurred (indicating a fault in intelligence?); army life is good, but he hopes Phelps can find a better situation for him. Hitchcock mentions the "negro regiment" in charge of Ship Island.

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      Title:   E. V. N. Hitchcock to John Wolcott Phelps

      Creator:  Hitchcock, E. V. N.

      Date:  1863-03-14

      Resource type:   correspondence

      Hitchcock learns that Phelps is nominated to be a Major General. Concludes letter with another carefully worded appeal to Phelps for a better position, preferably under Phelps's command. (Hitchcock underlines the word "inactivity.") Details in between include mail that has arrived, including a Brattleboro newspaper (title unknown); a new "conscript act" (Conscription Act: passed by the Union in late February and signed by Lincoln in March, 1863); preparations for summer and the anticipation of a large shipment of ice; officers busy with a Court Martial; and the continued good health of the regiment.

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        Title:   Edward Murphy to William Wirt Henry

        Creator:  Murphy, Edward

        Date:  1862-07-21

        Resource type:   correspondence

        Writing from camp at Westover Landing, Virginia topics include trying to convince William Henry to come join Company D in the 2nd Regiment, mentions officers resigning and hopes to take Richmond by the end of the summer.

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          Title:   Edward P. Stone to Family

          Creator:  Stone, Edward P., 1830-1920

          Date:  [1861-10-?]

          Resource type:   correspondence

          Topics include a service the regiment attended.

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            Title:   Edward P. Stone to Family

            Creator:  Stone, Edward P., 1830-1920

            Date:  1861-11-18

            Resource type:   correspondence

            Topics include the death of William Fallon of Royalton from the measles.

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              Title:   Edward P. Stone to Family

              Creator:  Stone, Edward P., 1830-1920

              Date:  1861-12-28

              Resource type:   correspondence

              Topics include the improving health of the men in the regiment and officers being ordered home to recruit for the brigade.

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                Title:   Edward P. Stone to Family

                Creator:  Stone, Edward P., 1830-1920

                Date:  [1862]-01-01

                Resource type:   correspondence

                New Year's greeting given to family, getting his tent settled, men under marching orders, no passes to be approved until Gen. Brooks returns.

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                  Title:   Edward P. Stone to Family

                  Creator:  Stone, Edward P., 1830-1920

                  Date:  1862-07-08

                  Resource type:   correspondence

                  Chaplain Stone expresses sadness at leaving sick and wounded (perhaps from the Seven Days Battles fought June 26 to July 2), sending money, sickness among the men, Dr. Chandler, Dr. Henry Janes, the officers & the chaplains, requests a linen coat, sending home clothing, John working at the wharf (perhaps along the James River?).

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                    Title:   Edward P. Stone to Family

                    Creator:  Stone, Edward P., 1830-1920

                    Date:  1862-07-30

                    Resource type:   correspondence

                    Inquires about ladies in the family, requesting letters from them, states there is good water contrary to what the newspapers report, vegetables to eat, building brick ovens, prayer meetings being held in brick church, death of son of Judge Swift of Middlebury.

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                      Title:   Edward P. Stone to Family

                      Creator:  Stone, Edward P., 1830-1920

                      Date:  [1862]-09-[23]

                      Resource type:   correspondence

                      A very brief letter stating he was in Burkittsville with the wounded (casualties from the Battle of Burkittsville or called the Battle of Crampton's Gap, Maryland, September 14, 1862), then set out to find the regiment but was unsuccessful so he stopped at Pleasant Valley and stayed with a family there ; preached at United Bretheren ; mentions fruits of all kinds available.

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                        Title:   Edward P. Stone to Family

                        Creator:  Stone, Edward P., 1830-1920

                        Date:  1862-11-15

                        Resource type:   correspondence

                        Writes how he and other chaplains are discouraged as their duties as ministers often can not be done as the men are often marching ; difficult to constantly hear profanity ; seeks prayers from folks at home, a caution at the end of the letter to not print this but perhaps convey his sentiments in other ways.

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                          Title:   Edward P. Stone to Family

                          Creator:  Stone, Edward P., 1830-1920

                          Date:  1862-11-20

                          Resource type:   correspondence

                          Regiment several days marching before reaching camp near the Aquia Creek, names various commanders in charge of the corps, newspaper informed him of the death of General Israel Richardson (wounded in Battle of Antietam in Maryland, Sept. 17, 1862, died Nov. 3, 1862)

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                            Title:   Edward P. Stone to Family

                            Creator:  Stone, Edward P., 1830-1920

                            Date:  1862-12-23

                            Resource type:   correspondence

                            Stone's morale low ; discouragement of the soldiers after Fredericksburg ; Stone looking for a new chaplain’s position.

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                              Title:   Edward P. Stone to Family

                              Creator:  Stone, Edward P., 1830-1920

                              Date:  1862-12-28

                              Resource type:   correspondence

                              Writes of expecting letters from home, names several officers resigning, has a pass to go to Washington with a dead soldier, money, resigning his position as chaplain but wishes to work on some historical records of the regiment first, is well but is suffering from diarrhea.

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                                Title:   Edward P. Stone to Family

                                Creator:  Stone, Edward P., 1830-1920

                                Date:  1862-12-28

                                Resource type:   correspondence

                                Two letters dated Dec 28 and New Year's Day [1863] ; relates procedure and process by which allowed pass to travel to Washington with a soldier’s body, travel to Washington on the steamer Zepher, receiving parcels from home ; asking if $400 received.

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                                  Title:   Edward P. Stone to Family

                                  Creator:  Stone, Edward P., 1830-1920

                                  Date:  1863-03-19

                                  Resource type:   correspondence

                                  Topics include visiting ministers, Colonel Tuttle resigning, Col. Barney in command, petition written up endorsing the Administration, Stone feeling better about his usefulness.

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                                    Title:   Edward P. Stone to John F. Stone

                                    Creator:  Stone, Edward P., 1830-1920

                                    Date:  1861-12-19

                                    Resource type:   correspondence

                                    Topics include preparing for the funerals of the men who died from sickness.

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                                      Title:   Edward P. Stone to John F. Stone

                                      Creator:  Stone, Edward P., 1830-1920

                                      Date:  1862-08-08

                                      Resource type:   correspondence

                                      From camp along the James River, Va. he writes of money sent to his father, box received from home, fashioning furnishings with items available, mentions his horse, men may be required to move, will regret having to leave the brick church being used for worship, church cushioned & carpeted & has an organ, perhaps a gift from Mrs. President Harrison, missing soldiers learned to be prisoners exchanged unharmed.

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                                        Title:   Edward P. Stone to John F. Stone

                                        Creator:  Stone, Edward P., 1830-1920

                                        Date:  1862-12-09

                                        Resource type:   correspondence

                                        Stone writes he encloses $400 ; just paid for four months service ; the regiment to march towards Fredericksburg, Va. ; he thinks this may mean a battle (a battle was fought Dec. 13, 1862 at Fredericksburg) ; he will stay behind unless the regiment moves ; address for John given.

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                                          Title:   Edwin H. Stoughton to Roswell Farnham

                                          Creator:  Stoughton, Edwin H.

                                          Date:  1863-01-12

                                          Resource type:   correspondence

                                          A brief communication from Brig. Gen. Stoughton to Farnham informing Farnham to withdraw the five (5) Companies and report to his Regiment at once.

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                                            Title:   Erastus Fairbanks to John Wolcott Phelps

                                            Creator:  Fairbanks, Erastus

                                            Date:  1861-07-29

                                            Resource type:   correspondence

                                            Letter from Vt. House Rep. Erastus Fairbanks writing about the storage of military equipment that has not otherwise been disposed of at Fort Monroe, Va., mentions loss of supplies by the 2nd Regiment at Manassas.

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                                              Title:   Erastus Fairbanks to John Wolcott Phelps

                                              Creator:  Fairbanks, Erastus

                                              Date:  1862-09-23

                                              Resource type:   correspondence

                                              Topics include the conduct of the 7th Vermont Regiment and the lack of newspaper coverage of the Regiment's positive attributes. The battles in Maryland would include Antietam Creek, one of the bloodiest battles of the war. Fairbanks also mentions a rumor of Phelps's resignation, which had indeed occurred in August, 1862. Some thoughts about slavery, government, and the Constitution.

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                                                Title:   Erastus Fairbanks to John Wolcott Phelps and [Daniel] Roberts to Erastus Fairbanks

                                                Creator:  Fairbanks, Erastus

                                                Date:  1861-06-04

                                                Resource type:   correspondence

                                                First letter is from Governor Erastus Fairbanks writing from St Johnsbury, Vt. Topic includes scandalous reports of officers in the 1st Regiment regarding the neglect of sick soldiers by the surgeon and assistant surgeon in military hospital. Second letter to the Gov. from Danl. Roberts writes of the sources of the reports and that the matter requires investigation.

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                                                  Title:   F. V. Randall

                                                  Creator:  Randall, F. V.

                                                  Date:  1863-03-11

                                                  Resource type:   correspondence

                                                  Topics include a pass for Roswell Farnham to go to Alexandria and return in 48 hours.

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