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Dairy and the US Congress

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Collection Overview

This collection documents legislative issues relating to dairy such as milk pricing, subsidies, and oleomargarine. Vermont's congressional delegation has a long and active history in matters relating to Vermont's dairy farmers and the dairy industry. George Aiken, Elbert Brigham, James Jeffords, and Patrick Leahy all served on Agriculture committees and their collections document many of the agricultural issues that faced Congress in the 20th Century.

Time Period Covered: 1941-1975 

Parent Collections

Congressional Papers

Related Archival Collection(s)

George D. Aiken Papers

Published:  November 07, 2006,  University of Vermont, Bailey/Howe Library, Special Collections

Rights:  Requests to reproduce this item should be sent to the UVM Libraries' Center for Digital Initiatives at cdi@uvm.edu. For more information, see http://cdi.uvm.edu/about/rights. More information.


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Title:   Dairy -- 2 cent per cwt. Deduction in Boston Milk Orders for Non-Members, 1960

Creator:  Aiken, George D. (George David), 1892-1984.

Date:  1960

Resource type:   text

Topics include proposed amendment to the Boston Milk Order for a two cent per hundred-weight tax on all producers in the Boston pool who are not members of a qualified co-operative association; proposed tax to cover the cost of market information, verification of weights, sampling, and testing of milk; Aiken's responses to constituent letters in opposition to the proposed amendment.

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    Title:   Dairy -- H.R. 12030 Correspondence, 1960

    Creator:  Aiken, George D. (George David), 1892-1984.

    Date:  1960

    Resource type:   text

    Topics include statement of the National Milk Producers Federation before the House Ways and Means Committee at a cooperative tax hearing; text of House bill 12030 for an appropriation for the special milk program for children; quotas on imported cheeses; analysis of quota plans to restrict farm marketing of milk and cream; milk prices; S. 3897, a bill to amend the Agricultural Adjustment Act to provide for judicial review of orders of the Secretary of Agriculture.

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      Title:   Dairy -- Milk Sanitation Bill, 1960

      Creator:  Aiken, George D. (George David), 1892-1984.

      Date:  1960

      Resource type:   text

      Topics include S. 998, Milk Sanitation Bill proposed by Senators Hubert Humphrey and William Proxmire; response from W.J. Emery and Elmer Towne, from the Vermont Department of Agriculture, comparing Vermont and Federal milk codes; status report of the Public Health Service's expanded milk surveillance program.

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        Title:   Dairy -- Milk Sanitation Bill, Whiting Company, Correspondence, Hearings, 1961

        Creator:  Aiken, George D. (George David), 1892-1984.

        Date:  1961

        Resource type:   text

        Topics include background of the Northeast Dairy Bloc; milk quotas; feed supplies; milk prices; address by Secretary of Agriculture Orville L. Freeman at a White House Regional Conference in Madison, WI; H.R. 50, National Milk Sanitation Act; request of six Vermont cooperatives for a partial suspension of the Class II price formula; failure of the Whiting Milk Company.

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          Title:   Dairy -- Miscellaneous, 1963

          Creator:  Aiken, George D. (George David), 1892-1984.

          Date:  1963

          Resource type:   text

          Topics include packaged sterilized cream and government price-support and food-for-peace programs; dairy imports and exports; United States Department of Labor investigation into Dairy Herd Improvement Association employment practices in Vermont.

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            Title:   Dairy -- United States Department of Agriculture Amendments, 1960

            Creator:  Aiken, George D. (George David), 1892-1984.

            Date:  1960

            Resource type:   text

            Topics include United States Department of Agriculture amendments to milk marketing orders in the Greater Boston, Connecticut, Southeastern New England, Springfield, and Worcester marketing areas.

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              Title:   Dairy Bill Correspondence, 1962

              Creator:  Aiken, George D. (George David), 1892-1984.

              Date:  1962

              Resource type:   text

              Topics include correspondence with constituents about President Kennedy's dairy bill; milk production controls and marketing quotas; dairy price supports; milk marketing and promotion; letter from Elmer Town, Vermont Commissioner of Agriculture, concerning producer milk quotas; copy of a letter from Elmer Towne to Carl Vinson, Chairman of the House Armed Services Committee, in regard to a bill that would require the Armed Services to recognize state milk pricing regulations; Senate debate on the farm bill, and difficulty of Republican minority in opposing administration backed proposals.

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                Title:   Dairy Bill Hearing, February 27, 1962

                Creator:  Aiken, George D. (George David), 1892-1984.

                Date:  1962

                Resource type:   text

                Topics include copy of remarks of President Kennedy to the National Conference on Milk and Nutrition underlined by Charles Weaver; Aiken's notes on Senate Agriculture Committee hearing; testimony of Clement Baker, Shelburne dairy farmer; testimony of Harry Varney, Jr., Charlotte dairy farmer; testimony of John C. York, Executive Secretary of Eastern Milk Producers Cooperative Association, Inc.; Letter from Secretary of Agriculture Orville L. Freeman to Senator Allen Ellender, Chairman of the Senate Committee on Agriculture and Forestry, outlining a one-year emergency dairy program to substitute for the diary provisions of the Administration farm bill; Senator Hubert Humphrey's (MN) proposed dairy stabilization act.

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                  Title:   Dairy Price Supports -- Correspondence, 1958

                  Creator:  Aiken, George D. (George David), 1892-1984.

                  Date:  1958

                  Resource type:   text

                  Topics include correspondence with constituents about Secretary of Agriculture Ezra Benson's proposal to reduce dairy price supports and Aiken's response; Senate proposal to freeze all farm price supports at existing level.

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                    Title:   Dairy Products (Library): Correspondence, 1956

                    Creator:  Aiken, George D. (George David), 1892-1984.

                    Date:  1956

                    Resource type:   text

                    Topics include importation of cows from Canada and over-production of milk; soil bank bill in Congress; Boston milk formula and the price of milk; milk promotion to middle aged women; price of grain; proposed forestry provisions to plant poorer land with trees in new farm bill in Congress; lack of incentive for big diary companies to increase the sale of fluid milk; minimum support prices under manufacturing milk; "Dairy Farmers of America"; Vermont dairy cooperatives; milk vending machine legislation in New York; congratulatory letter to Elmer Montgomery for receiving the Distinguished Farmer Award for 1955; request of New England cooperatives for a suspension of the 22 cent drop in milk; school milk and Brucellosis eradication programs; use of lime and superphosphate; tax benefits for farmers; Federal tax on gasoline used for agricultural purposes; St. Lawrence Seaway; farmer eligibility for Social Security benefits; marketing of farm products in foreign countries; Watershed Act of 1954; Water Facilities Act of 1954; farm production and marketing methods research; support price for feed grains; bulk tanks; proposals to expand New York marketing area to include major upstate cities and provide for regulation by federal order for northern New Jersey; Scoffield case and an injunction prohibiting the Secretary of Agriculture from extending the milk order; use of dairy products by the Armed Services.

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                      Title:   Dairy Products: Correspondence, 1955

                      Creator:  Aiken, George D. (George David), 1892-1984.

                      Date:  1955

                      Resource type:   text

                      Topics include price subsidies for milk and their relation to production and consumption; President Eisenhower and the Democratic Congress; controversy over grain elevators in Pakistan; views of the late Senator Robert Taft (OH) on farms; price for milk in the Boston market; Brucellosis program funding; failure to include northern New Jersey in a milk order; insertion of comments by Elmer Towne into the Congressional Record by Senator Aiken; effort to equalize milk prices nationally; money spent in Vermont and New England for milk promotion through the Vermont Dairy Council , the American Dairy Association of Vermont, Milk for Health, Inc., and the New England Dairy and Food Council; proposed amendments to milk marketing orders; New York milk price; Aiken's request that milk vending machines be placed in the Senate Office Building; hearings about proposed amendments to milk marketing orders; bulk milk tanks; request for President Eisenhower to visit the Vermont Dairy Festival in 1956; local ordinances and state laws on milk; New York-New Jersey milk regulation; Vermont hearing on "Rules and Regulations Relating to the Manufacture and Sale of Ice Cream and Other Frozen Dairy Products"; Aiken press release urging Republican women to drink milk; current rate of purchases of dairy products; handling of milk in the Brattleboro area.

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                        Title:   Dairy price supports - Keith Wallace Letter, 1958

                        Creator:  Aiken, George D. (George David), 1892-1984.

                        Date:  1958

                        Resource type:   text

                        Topics include Secretary of Agriculture Ezra Benson's proposal to reduce dairy price supports; Aiken's response to Benson's proposal; Aiken's response to President Eisenhower's agricultural message to the Congress; letter from Aiken to Keith Wallace, President of the Vermont State Farm Bureau on milk prices; questionnaire sent by Aiken to Vermont farmers and farm organizations; bill proposed by Representative Thomas Abernethy (MS); milk production.

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                          Title:   Dairy price supports - correspondence, 1958

                          Creator:  Aiken, George D. (George David), 1892-1984.

                          Date:  1958

                          Resource type:   text

                          Topics include Secretary of Agriculture Ezra Benson's proposal to reduce dairy price supports; Aiken's response to Benson's proposal; proposed legislation from Senator Hubert Humphrey (MN).

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                            Title:   Dairy – Legislation – Correspondence, 1963

                            Creator:  Aiken, George D. (George David), 1892-1984.

                            Date:  1963

                            Resource type:   text

                            Topics include Class I milk marketing order proposals by Senator Proxmire (WI) and Senator McCarthy (MN), both of which were opposed by Senator Aiken; proposed changes to the Agricultural Adjustment Act by the USDA; milk prices; milk surpluses.

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                              Title:   Dairy – Legislation – Correspondence, 1963

                              Creator:  Aiken, George D. (George David), 1892-1984

                              Date:  1963

                              Resource type:   text

                              Topics include Class I milk marketing order proposals by Senator Proxmire (WI) and Senator McCarthy (MN), both of which were opposed by Senator Aiken; milk sanitation legislation; remarks of Rep. Samuel Stratton (NY) in the House of Representatives on federal dairy legislation; milk prices; milk production and surpluses; comments of Elmer Towne, Vermont Commisssioner of Agriculture, on Kennedy administration’s proposed dairy legislation.

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                                Title:   Dairy, 1953

                                Creator:  Aiken, George D. (George David), 1892-1984.

                                Date:  1953

                                Resource type:   text

                                Topics include cost of feed; door-to-door delivery of milk and automatic dispensers; price support for dairy; decline in livestock values; surplus butter and the armed services; dairy industry advisory committee called by Secretary of Agriculture Ezra Benson; oleomargarine; large purchases of butter by the Commodity Credit Corporation; President Dwight Eisenhower; Milk Producers Federation banquet; two-price system; price of Class I milk; low fat content butter; shipment of unregulated milk into the New York-New Jersey marketing area; milk surplus.

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                                  Title:   Dairy, USDA Proposed Amendment to Class I Prices, 1963

                                  Creator:  Aiken, George D. (George David), 1892-1984.

                                  Date:  1963

                                  Resource type:   text

                                  Topics include hearing Federal Milk Order pricing, particularly proposed amendments to Class I milk pricing; letter from Elmer Towne, Vermont Commissioner of Agriculture, supporting continuation of Class I milk pricing.

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                                    Title:   Dairy: Abernethy "Self-Help" bill (Library), 1958

                                    Creator:  Aiken, George D. (George David), 1892-1984.

                                    Date:  1958

                                    Resource type:   text

                                    Topics include H.R. 10043 by Representative Thomas Abernethy (MS), which is the same as a bill in the Senate by Senators Hubert Humphrey (MN) and Alexander Wiley (WI); bill would establish a "Dairy Stabilization Board" which would be empowered to fix prices, control production, establish the level of price supports for manufacturing milk, and conceivably take over all the processing functions; response of Vermont farm organizations to the bill; Aiken's estimation of the chance of the bill in Congress; current balance between consumption and production of milk; fertilizer payments; Vermont hearings on the "Self-Help" bill.

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                                      Title:   Dairy: Correspondence and Dairymen's League vs. Teamsters, 1959

                                      Creator:  Aiken, George D. (George David), 1892-1984.

                                      Date:  1959

                                      Resource type:   text

                                      Topics include New England Milkshed Price Committee; letter from Elmer Towne, Vermont Commissioner of Agriculture, on a variety of dairy issues in Vermont; continuation of dairy support prices; National Conference on Interstate Shipments of Milk and a proposed national milk standards act; USDA General Counsel's opinion of proposed limitations on dairy price supports in the Department of Agriculture and Farm Credit Adminstration Appropriation Act for the fiscal year 1960; "Swedish Treatment" for mastitis; pesticide and antibiotic residues in milk.

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                                        Title:   Dairy: Correspondence, 1954

                                        Creator:  Aiken, George D. (George David), 1892-1984.

                                        Date:  1954

                                        Topics include proposal relating to the parity equivalent of manufacturing milk; disposal of powdered milk surplus in foreign countries; Richard Aplin, Milk Marketing Administrator for the Boston Area; price supports and government surpluses of dairy products; marketing quotas and reduced output of milk; fluid milk purchases; export of dairy products; herd culling program; proper use of diverted acres; price of grain used for dairy rations; milk rations for Armed Services; size of dairy farms and government support for small farms; Commodity Credit Corporation; Senate Committee on Agriculture hearings on dairy support price; decreasing demand for milk; role of Democratic party in creating current dairy industry problems; milk vending machines for office buildings and factories; strawberry milk; Brucellosis; sale of milk in two and four quart cartons; importation of hay and cattle from Canada; field dairy hearings; proposed dairy program; President Eisenhower's flexible price support program; Agricultural Agreement Act of 1937 and domestic trade barriers affecting milk and milk products; meeting of all farm organizations in Vermont interested in dairy to consider general policy questions.

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                                          Title:   Dairy: General Correspondence, 1962

                                          Creator:  Aiken, George D. (George David), 1892-1984.

                                          Date:  1962

                                          Resource type:   text

                                          Topics include USDA study on probable effects on prices and consumption of quota plans to restrict farm marketings of milk and cream; remarks of President Kennedy to the National Conference on Milk and Nutrition; milk and grain surplus figures; press release from Senator Proxmire (WI) on milk price supports; memo from Charlie Weaver to Aiken about a plan proposed by Bill Welden of Hood to fight proposed quota legislation.

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                                            Title:   Dairy: General Correspondence, 1962

                                            Creator:  Aiken, George D. (George David), 1892-1984.

                                            Date:  1962

                                            Resource type:   text

                                            Topics include Senator Aiken's correspondence to constituents on small dairy farms; processing tax on feed grain; dairy farm surpluses; milk dating; marketing quotas; roller dried skim milk powder; proposal to collect milk promotion funds through federal milk market orders; bulk tanks; Milk Marketing Program; improving milk quality and production methods.

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                                              Title:   Dairy: H.R.12138 Lehigh Valley Case; Amendments to NY NJ Milk order; Jesse Stalker Case,1962

                                              Creator:  Aiken, George D. (George David), 1892-1984.

                                              Date:  1962

                                              Resource type:   text

                                              Topics include Lehigh Valley Coop. v. United States, Supreme Court case; H.R. 12138, a bill to amend the Agriculture Marketing Act of 1937 to permit certain payments under milk marketing orders; amendments to New York-New Jersey milk order; Jessee Stalker case, a New York producer-handler

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                                                Title:   Dairy: Misc. (Library), 1957-1958

                                                Creator:  Aiken, George D. (George David), 1892-1984.

                                                Date:  1957-1958

                                                Topics include New England milk market and its different marketing orders; New York milk strike and New York milk market; responsibility of state governments in improving circumstances for dairy farmers; Federal Milk Order; effect of the New York milk strike on the Republican Party; Secretary of Agriculture Ezra Benson; differences in milk production around the country; consumption of dairy products; loans for milk tanks; opinions on dairy price supports by various Vermont farm constituencies as reported by Vermont Commissioner of Agriculture, Elmer Towne; Abernethy "Self-Help" bill; effects on Vermont farmers of a New England wide milk marketing order; proposal to extend the present export price assistance program to dry whole milk, and to evaporated milk; report on Eastern Milk Marketing Order; price war in the Boston market; growth of Hood Co.; Whiting Milk Company's economic difficulties and proposal to have operating cooperatives buy it; Southeastern New England milk order; milk production and pricing in Connecticut.

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                                                  Title:   Dairy: Northeast Milk Marketing Order, 1962

                                                  Creator:  Aiken, George D. (George David), 1892-1984.

                                                  Date:  1962

                                                  Resource type:   text

                                                  Topics include Secretary of Agriculture Orville Freeman's decision on proposed amendments to milk marketing orders; response to decision from the Northeastern Association of State Departments of Agriculture; milk prices.

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