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Dairy and the US Congress

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Collection Overview

This collection documents legislative issues relating to dairy such as milk pricing, subsidies, and oleomargarine. Vermont's congressional delegation has a long and active history in matters relating to Vermont's dairy farmers and the dairy industry. George Aiken, Elbert Brigham, James Jeffords, and Patrick Leahy all served on Agriculture committees and their collections document many of the agricultural issues that faced Congress in the 20th Century.

Time Period Covered: 1941-1975 

Parent Collections

Congressional Papers

Related Archival Collection(s)

George D. Aiken Papers

Published:  November 07, 2006,  University of Vermont, Bailey/Howe Library, Special Collections

Rights:  Requests to reproduce this item should be sent to the UVM Libraries' Center for Digital Initiatives at cdi@uvm.edu. For more information, see http://cdi.uvm.edu/about/rights. More information.


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Browsing by:    Topic: ("Milk -- Prices -- United States") remove term

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Title:   Dairy -- H.R. 12030 Correspondence, 1960

Creator:  Aiken, George D. (George David), 1892-1984.

Date:  1960

Resource type:   text

Topics include statement of the National Milk Producers Federation before the House Ways and Means Committee at a cooperative tax hearing; text of House bill 12030 for an appropriation for the special milk program for children; quotas on imported cheeses; analysis of quota plans to restrict farm marketing of milk and cream; milk prices; S. 3897, a bill to amend the Agricultural Adjustment Act to provide for judicial review of orders of the Secretary of Agriculture.

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    Title:   Dairy -- Milk Sanitation Bill, Whiting Company, Correspondence, Hearings, 1961

    Creator:  Aiken, George D. (George David), 1892-1984.

    Date:  1961

    Resource type:   text

    Topics include background of the Northeast Dairy Bloc; milk quotas; feed supplies; milk prices; address by Secretary of Agriculture Orville L. Freeman at a White House Regional Conference in Madison, WI; H.R. 50, National Milk Sanitation Act; request of six Vermont cooperatives for a partial suspension of the Class II price formula; failure of the Whiting Milk Company.

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      Title:   Dairy Bill Correspondence, 1962

      Creator:  Aiken, George D. (George David), 1892-1984.

      Date:  1962

      Resource type:   text

      Topics include correspondence with constituents about President Kennedy's dairy bill; milk production controls and marketing quotas; dairy price supports; milk marketing and promotion; letter from Elmer Town, Vermont Commissioner of Agriculture, concerning producer milk quotas; copy of a letter from Elmer Towne to Carl Vinson, Chairman of the House Armed Services Committee, in regard to a bill that would require the Armed Services to recognize state milk pricing regulations; Senate debate on the farm bill, and difficulty of Republican minority in opposing administration backed proposals.

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        Title:   Dairy Products (Library): Correspondence, 1956

        Creator:  Aiken, George D. (George David), 1892-1984.

        Date:  1956

        Resource type:   text

        Topics include importation of cows from Canada and over-production of milk; soil bank bill in Congress; Boston milk formula and the price of milk; milk promotion to middle aged women; price of grain; proposed forestry provisions to plant poorer land with trees in new farm bill in Congress; lack of incentive for big diary companies to increase the sale of fluid milk; minimum support prices under manufacturing milk; "Dairy Farmers of America"; Vermont dairy cooperatives; milk vending machine legislation in New York; congratulatory letter to Elmer Montgomery for receiving the Distinguished Farmer Award for 1955; request of New England cooperatives for a suspension of the 22 cent drop in milk; school milk and Brucellosis eradication programs; use of lime and superphosphate; tax benefits for farmers; Federal tax on gasoline used for agricultural purposes; St. Lawrence Seaway; farmer eligibility for Social Security benefits; marketing of farm products in foreign countries; Watershed Act of 1954; Water Facilities Act of 1954; farm production and marketing methods research; support price for feed grains; bulk tanks; proposals to expand New York marketing area to include major upstate cities and provide for regulation by federal order for northern New Jersey; Scoffield case and an injunction prohibiting the Secretary of Agriculture from extending the milk order; use of dairy products by the Armed Services.

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          Title:   Dairy Products: Correspondence, 1955

          Creator:  Aiken, George D. (George David), 1892-1984.

          Date:  1955

          Resource type:   text

          Topics include price subsidies for milk and their relation to production and consumption; President Eisenhower and the Democratic Congress; controversy over grain elevators in Pakistan; views of the late Senator Robert Taft (OH) on farms; price for milk in the Boston market; Brucellosis program funding; failure to include northern New Jersey in a milk order; insertion of comments by Elmer Towne into the Congressional Record by Senator Aiken; effort to equalize milk prices nationally; money spent in Vermont and New England for milk promotion through the Vermont Dairy Council , the American Dairy Association of Vermont, Milk for Health, Inc., and the New England Dairy and Food Council; proposed amendments to milk marketing orders; New York milk price; Aiken's request that milk vending machines be placed in the Senate Office Building; hearings about proposed amendments to milk marketing orders; bulk milk tanks; request for President Eisenhower to visit the Vermont Dairy Festival in 1956; local ordinances and state laws on milk; New York-New Jersey milk regulation; Vermont hearing on "Rules and Regulations Relating to the Manufacture and Sale of Ice Cream and Other Frozen Dairy Products"; Aiken press release urging Republican women to drink milk; current rate of purchases of dairy products; handling of milk in the Brattleboro area.

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            Title:   Dairy price supports - Keith Wallace Letter, 1958

            Creator:  Aiken, George D. (George David), 1892-1984.

            Date:  1958

            Resource type:   text

            Topics include Secretary of Agriculture Ezra Benson's proposal to reduce dairy price supports; Aiken's response to Benson's proposal; Aiken's response to President Eisenhower's agricultural message to the Congress; letter from Aiken to Keith Wallace, President of the Vermont State Farm Bureau on milk prices; questionnaire sent by Aiken to Vermont farmers and farm organizations; bill proposed by Representative Thomas Abernethy (MS); milk production.

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              Title:   Dairy – Legislation – Correspondence, 1963

              Creator:  Aiken, George D. (George David), 1892-1984.

              Date:  1963

              Resource type:   text

              Topics include Class I milk marketing order proposals by Senator Proxmire (WI) and Senator McCarthy (MN), both of which were opposed by Senator Aiken; proposed changes to the Agricultural Adjustment Act by the USDA; milk prices; milk surpluses.

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                Title:   Dairy – Legislation – Correspondence, 1963

                Creator:  Aiken, George D. (George David), 1892-1984

                Date:  1963

                Resource type:   text

                Topics include Class I milk marketing order proposals by Senator Proxmire (WI) and Senator McCarthy (MN), both of which were opposed by Senator Aiken; milk sanitation legislation; remarks of Rep. Samuel Stratton (NY) in the House of Representatives on federal dairy legislation; milk prices; milk production and surpluses; comments of Elmer Towne, Vermont Commisssioner of Agriculture, on Kennedy administration’s proposed dairy legislation.

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                  Title:   Dairy, USDA Proposed Amendment to Class I Prices, 1963

                  Creator:  Aiken, George D. (George David), 1892-1984.

                  Date:  1963

                  Resource type:   text

                  Topics include hearing Federal Milk Order pricing, particularly proposed amendments to Class I milk pricing; letter from Elmer Towne, Vermont Commissioner of Agriculture, supporting continuation of Class I milk pricing.

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                    Title:   Dairy: Abernethy "Self-Help" bill (Library), 1958

                    Creator:  Aiken, George D. (George David), 1892-1984.

                    Date:  1958

                    Resource type:   text

                    Topics include H.R. 10043 by Representative Thomas Abernethy (MS), which is the same as a bill in the Senate by Senators Hubert Humphrey (MN) and Alexander Wiley (WI); bill would establish a "Dairy Stabilization Board" which would be empowered to fix prices, control production, establish the level of price supports for manufacturing milk, and conceivably take over all the processing functions; response of Vermont farm organizations to the bill; Aiken's estimation of the chance of the bill in Congress; current balance between consumption and production of milk; fertilizer payments; Vermont hearings on the "Self-Help" bill.

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                      Title:   Dairy: Correspondence, 1954

                      Creator:  Aiken, George D. (George David), 1892-1984.

                      Date:  1954

                      Topics include proposal relating to the parity equivalent of manufacturing milk; disposal of powdered milk surplus in foreign countries; Richard Aplin, Milk Marketing Administrator for the Boston Area; price supports and government surpluses of dairy products; marketing quotas and reduced output of milk; fluid milk purchases; export of dairy products; herd culling program; proper use of diverted acres; price of grain used for dairy rations; milk rations for Armed Services; size of dairy farms and government support for small farms; Commodity Credit Corporation; Senate Committee on Agriculture hearings on dairy support price; decreasing demand for milk; role of Democratic party in creating current dairy industry problems; milk vending machines for office buildings and factories; strawberry milk; Brucellosis; sale of milk in two and four quart cartons; importation of hay and cattle from Canada; field dairy hearings; proposed dairy program; President Eisenhower's flexible price support program; Agricultural Agreement Act of 1937 and domestic trade barriers affecting milk and milk products; meeting of all farm organizations in Vermont interested in dairy to consider general policy questions.

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                        Title:   Dairy: General Correspondence, 1962

                        Creator:  Aiken, George D. (George David), 1892-1984.

                        Date:  1962

                        Resource type:   text

                        Topics include USDA study on probable effects on prices and consumption of quota plans to restrict farm marketings of milk and cream; remarks of President Kennedy to the National Conference on Milk and Nutrition; milk and grain surplus figures; press release from Senator Proxmire (WI) on milk price supports; memo from Charlie Weaver to Aiken about a plan proposed by Bill Welden of Hood to fight proposed quota legislation.

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                          Title:   Dairy: Northeast Milk Marketing Order, 1962

                          Creator:  Aiken, George D. (George David), 1892-1984.

                          Date:  1962

                          Resource type:   text

                          Topics include Secretary of Agriculture Orville Freeman's decision on proposed amendments to milk marketing orders; response to decision from the Northeastern Association of State Departments of Agriculture; milk prices.

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                            Title:   Milk Marketing, 1941-1942

                            Creator:  Aiken, George D. (George David), 1892-1984.

                            Date:  1941-1942

                            Resource type:   text

                            Topics include milk prices; United States Department of Agriculture Marketing Administration regulations for the Greater Boston and New York marketing areas; drought conditions and low cost feed.

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                              Title:   Milk Marketing, 1941-1942

                              Creator:  Aiken, George D. (George David), 1892-1984

                              Date:  1941-1942

                              Resource type:   text

                              Topics include milk prices; United States Department of Agriculture Marketing Administration regulations for the Greater Boston and New York marketing areas; need for unification of agricultural groups to become a stronger advocate for farmers; Agricultural Marketing Agreement of 1937; milk distributors in the greater New York City area and price fixing; Senate Committee on Agriculture; Providence, Rhode Island Milk Market; butter fat content of milk; United States Department of Agriculture Office of Price Administration; milk retailers; President Roosevelt's Economic Stabilization Program.

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                                Title:   Milk, 1943-1945

                                Creator:  Aiken, George D. (George David), 1892-1984.

                                Date:  1943-1945

                                Resource type:   text

                                Topics include milk prices for Springfield and Fitchburg, Massachusetts; creamery butter and cheese production estimates; dairy subsidies and milk production; Senate Committee on Agriculture; Senator Warren Austin (VT); Board of Health regulations and the unloading of milk at Hood's creamery in Newport, Vermont; United Farmers Co-operative Creamery Association, Inc.; United States War Food Administration; effect of drought on hay and pasture crops; State Control Boards and surplus milk; United States Office of Price Administration; milk coolers; price of whole milk and butter; Ingelside Dairy; New York milk marketing area; milk fat quota and the manufacture of frozen dairy foods and mix; retail price of milk; importation of milk from Canada.

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                                  Title:   S. 1418: Provide Adjustment of Maximum Prices on Milk, 1943-1944

                                  Creator:  Aiken, George D. (George David), 1892-1984.

                                  Date:  1943-1944

                                  Resource type:   text

                                  Topics include report, drafts and text of S.1418: Adjustment of Milk Prices, submitted by Senators Eastland (MS) and McClellan (AR); dairy subsidies, price ceilings, and milk production.

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