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Dairy and the US Congress

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Collection Overview

This collection documents legislative issues relating to dairy such as milk pricing, subsidies, and oleomargarine. Vermont's congressional delegation has a long and active history in matters relating to Vermont's dairy farmers and the dairy industry. George Aiken, Elbert Brigham, James Jeffords, and Patrick Leahy all served on Agriculture committees and their collections document many of the agricultural issues that faced Congress in the 20th Century.

Time Period Covered: 1941-1975 

Parent Collections

Congressional Papers

Related Archival Collection(s)

George D. Aiken Papers

Published:  November 07, 2006,  University of Vermont, Bailey/Howe Library, Special Collections

Rights:  Requests to reproduce this item should be sent to the UVM Libraries' Center for Digital Initiatives at cdi@uvm.edu. For more information, see http://cdi.uvm.edu/about/rights. More information.


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Browsing by:    Contributor: ("Towne, Elmer") remove term

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Title:   Dairy -- Milk Sanitation Bill, 1960

Creator:  Aiken, George D. (George David), 1892-1984.

Date:  1960

Resource type:   text

Topics include S. 998, Milk Sanitation Bill proposed by Senators Hubert Humphrey and William Proxmire; response from W.J. Emery and Elmer Towne, from the Vermont Department of Agriculture, comparing Vermont and Federal milk codes; status report of the Public Health Service's expanded milk surveillance program.

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    Title:   Dairy -- Milk Sanitation Bill, Whiting Company, Correspondence, Hearings, 1961

    Creator:  Aiken, George D. (George David), 1892-1984.

    Date:  1961

    Resource type:   text

    Topics include background of the Northeast Dairy Bloc; milk quotas; feed supplies; milk prices; address by Secretary of Agriculture Orville L. Freeman at a White House Regional Conference in Madison, WI; H.R. 50, National Milk Sanitation Act; request of six Vermont cooperatives for a partial suspension of the Class II price formula; failure of the Whiting Milk Company.

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      Title:   Dairy Bill Correspondence, 1962

      Creator:  Aiken, George D. (George David), 1892-1984.

      Date:  1962

      Resource type:   text

      Topics include correspondence with constituents about President Kennedy's dairy bill; milk production controls and marketing quotas; dairy price supports; milk marketing and promotion; letter from Elmer Town, Vermont Commissioner of Agriculture, concerning producer milk quotas; copy of a letter from Elmer Towne to Carl Vinson, Chairman of the House Armed Services Committee, in regard to a bill that would require the Armed Services to recognize state milk pricing regulations; Senate debate on the farm bill, and difficulty of Republican minority in opposing administration backed proposals.

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        Title:   Dairy Products: Correspondence, 1955

        Creator:  Aiken, George D. (George David), 1892-1984.

        Date:  1955

        Resource type:   text

        Topics include price subsidies for milk and their relation to production and consumption; President Eisenhower and the Democratic Congress; controversy over grain elevators in Pakistan; views of the late Senator Robert Taft (OH) on farms; price for milk in the Boston market; Brucellosis program funding; failure to include northern New Jersey in a milk order; insertion of comments by Elmer Towne into the Congressional Record by Senator Aiken; effort to equalize milk prices nationally; money spent in Vermont and New England for milk promotion through the Vermont Dairy Council , the American Dairy Association of Vermont, Milk for Health, Inc., and the New England Dairy and Food Council; proposed amendments to milk marketing orders; New York milk price; Aiken's request that milk vending machines be placed in the Senate Office Building; hearings about proposed amendments to milk marketing orders; bulk milk tanks; request for President Eisenhower to visit the Vermont Dairy Festival in 1956; local ordinances and state laws on milk; New York-New Jersey milk regulation; Vermont hearing on "Rules and Regulations Relating to the Manufacture and Sale of Ice Cream and Other Frozen Dairy Products"; Aiken press release urging Republican women to drink milk; current rate of purchases of dairy products; handling of milk in the Brattleboro area.

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          Title:   Dairy, USDA Proposed Amendment to Class I Prices, 1963

          Creator:  Aiken, George D. (George David), 1892-1984.

          Date:  1963

          Resource type:   text

          Topics include hearing Federal Milk Order pricing, particularly proposed amendments to Class I milk pricing; letter from Elmer Towne, Vermont Commissioner of Agriculture, supporting continuation of Class I milk pricing.

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            Title:   Dairy: Correspondence and Dairymen's League vs. Teamsters, 1959

            Creator:  Aiken, George D. (George David), 1892-1984.

            Date:  1959

            Resource type:   text

            Topics include New England Milkshed Price Committee; letter from Elmer Towne, Vermont Commissioner of Agriculture, on a variety of dairy issues in Vermont; continuation of dairy support prices; National Conference on Interstate Shipments of Milk and a proposed national milk standards act; USDA General Counsel's opinion of proposed limitations on dairy price supports in the Department of Agriculture and Farm Credit Adminstration Appropriation Act for the fiscal year 1960; "Swedish Treatment" for mastitis; pesticide and antibiotic residues in milk.

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              Title:   Dairy: Correspondence, 1954

              Creator:  Aiken, George D. (George David), 1892-1984.

              Date:  1954

              Topics include proposal relating to the parity equivalent of manufacturing milk; disposal of powdered milk surplus in foreign countries; Richard Aplin, Milk Marketing Administrator for the Boston Area; price supports and government surpluses of dairy products; marketing quotas and reduced output of milk; fluid milk purchases; export of dairy products; herd culling program; proper use of diverted acres; price of grain used for dairy rations; milk rations for Armed Services; size of dairy farms and government support for small farms; Commodity Credit Corporation; Senate Committee on Agriculture hearings on dairy support price; decreasing demand for milk; role of Democratic party in creating current dairy industry problems; milk vending machines for office buildings and factories; strawberry milk; Brucellosis; sale of milk in two and four quart cartons; importation of hay and cattle from Canada; field dairy hearings; proposed dairy program; President Eisenhower's flexible price support program; Agricultural Agreement Act of 1937 and domestic trade barriers affecting milk and milk products; meeting of all farm organizations in Vermont interested in dairy to consider general policy questions.

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                Title:   Dairy: General Correspondence, 1962

                Creator:  Aiken, George D. (George David), 1892-1984.

                Date:  1962

                Resource type:   text

                Topics include Senator Aiken's correspondence to constituents on small dairy farms; processing tax on feed grain; dairy farm surpluses; milk dating; marketing quotas; roller dried skim milk powder; proposal to collect milk promotion funds through federal milk market orders; bulk tanks; Milk Marketing Program; improving milk quality and production methods.

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                  Title:   Dairy: Misc. (Library), 1957-1958

                  Creator:  Aiken, George D. (George David), 1892-1984.

                  Date:  1957-1958

                  Topics include New England milk market and its different marketing orders; New York milk strike and New York milk market; responsibility of state governments in improving circumstances for dairy farmers; Federal Milk Order; effect of the New York milk strike on the Republican Party; Secretary of Agriculture Ezra Benson; differences in milk production around the country; consumption of dairy products; loans for milk tanks; opinions on dairy price supports by various Vermont farm constituencies as reported by Vermont Commissioner of Agriculture, Elmer Towne; Abernethy "Self-Help" bill; effects on Vermont farmers of a New England wide milk marketing order; proposal to extend the present export price assistance program to dry whole milk, and to evaporated milk; report on Eastern Milk Marketing Order; price war in the Boston market; growth of Hood Co.; Whiting Milk Company's economic difficulties and proposal to have operating cooperatives buy it; Southeastern New England milk order; milk production and pricing in Connecticut.

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                    Title:   Dairy: Northeast Milk Marketing Order, 1962

                    Creator:  Aiken, George D. (George David), 1892-1984.

                    Date:  1962

                    Resource type:   text

                    Topics include Secretary of Agriculture Orville Freeman's decision on proposed amendments to milk marketing orders; response to decision from the Northeastern Association of State Departments of Agriculture; milk prices.

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