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Dairy and the US Congress

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Collection Overview

This collection documents legislative issues relating to dairy such as milk pricing, subsidies, and oleomargarine. Vermont's congressional delegation has a long and active history in matters relating to Vermont's dairy farmers and the dairy industry. George Aiken, Elbert Brigham, James Jeffords, and Patrick Leahy all served on Agriculture committees and their collections document many of the agricultural issues that faced Congress in the 20th Century.

Time Period Covered: 1941-1975 

Parent Collections

Congressional Papers

Related Archival Collection(s)

George D. Aiken Papers

Published:  November 07, 2006,  University of Vermont, Bailey/Howe Library, Special Collections

Rights:  Requests to reproduce this item should be sent to the UVM Libraries' Center for Digital Initiatives at cdi@uvm.edu. For more information, see http://cdi.uvm.edu/about/rights. More information.


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Title:   Milk, 1943-1945

Creator:  Aiken, George D. (George David), 1892-1984.

Date:  1943-1945

Resource type:   text

Topics include milk prices for Springfield and Fitchburg, Massachusetts; creamery butter and cheese production estimates; dairy subsidies and milk production; Senate Committee on Agriculture; Senator Warren Austin (VT); Board of Health regulations and the unloading of milk at Hood's creamery in Newport, Vermont; United Farmers Co-operative Creamery Association, Inc.; United States War Food Administration; effect of drought on hay and pasture crops; State Control Boards and surplus milk; United States Office of Price Administration; milk coolers; price of whole milk and butter; Ingelside Dairy; New York milk marketing area; milk fat quota and the manufacture of frozen dairy foods and mix; retail price of milk; importation of milk from Canada.

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    Title:   Milk, 1952

    Creator:  Aiken, George D. (George David), 1892-1984.

    Date:  1952

    Resource type:   text

    Topics include rising cost of dairy production and high cost of feed; Office of Price Stabilization and Supplemental Regulation 63; price control of dairy products; letter from Secretary of State Dean Acheson to Senator Burnet Maybank (SC) in regards to the Defense Production Act; statement of George Paul before the Senate Banking and Currency Committee setting forth the views of the National Creameries Association in regards to the Defense Production Act; Secretary of Agriculture Charles F. Brannan; pricing of class 1-C milk in New Jersey and Senate Committee hearings; appropriations for the Dairy Herd Improvement Association Division of the Bureau of Dairy Industry.

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      Title:   Milk: Correspondence H.R. 2119, S. 762, 1949

      Creator:  Aiken, George D. (George David), 1892-1984.

      Date:  1892-1984

      Resource type:   text

      Topics include bills in House and Senate to direct the Secretary of Agriculture to announce the parity price of milk and announce or make effective the support price of milk; mandatory supports for dairy products; disposal of surplus dairy products; proposed suspension of Boston milk order; Vermont farm cooperatives; supply and demand provision of the New England milk formula; United Farmers of New England; proposed equalizing of prices in New York and New England milksheds; marketing of Class II New York milk in New England secondary markets.

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        Title:   Oleomargarine Bill: Correspondence, 1948

        Creator:  Aiken, George D. (George David), 1892-1984.

        Date:  1948

        Resource type:   text

        Resource type:   letter

        Topics include oleomargarine regulation; oleomargarine tax; oleomargarine use in hotels and restaurants disguised as butter; oleomargarine coloring; oleomargarine production and the cost of butter; oleomargarine advertisements in Life magazine.

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          Title:   Oleomargarine Bill: Correspondence, 1948

          Creator:  Aiken, George D. (George David), 1892-1984.

          Date:  1948

          Resource type:   text

          Resource type:   letter

          Topics include oleomargarine legislation; oleomargarine tax; oleomargarine use in hotels and restaurants disguised as butter; oleomargarine coloring; production of oleomargarine and the cornering of the cotton oil market by two companies; oleomargarine bill in the Senate Committee on Finance; rather than the Senate Agriculture Committee; the United States Food and Drug Administration and the misbranding of foods; Vermont dairy industry; corn syrup served as maple syrup.

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            Title:   Oleomargarine Hearings: H.R. 2245, 1948

            Creator:  Aiken, George D. (George David), 1892-1984.

            Date:  1948

            Resource type:   text

            Tax on Oleomargarine; proposed amendment drafts; statistical report on the use of foreign coconut oil in margarine; statistical reports on oleomargarine produced and materials used for January and February 1948 as compared to January and February 1947.

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              Title:   Oleomargarine: H.R. 2023, 1950

              Creator:  Aiken, George D. (George David), 1892-1984.

              Date:  1950

              Resource type:   text

              Topics include H.R. 2023, an act to regulate oleomargarine, to repeal certain taxes relating to oleomargarine, and for other purposes; text and amendments to the bill; taxes under Internal Revenue Code for oleomargarine, processed butter, and adulterated butter; import duty under Tariff Act for oleomargarine and butter; average hourly rate for select states; beef and veal from milk-producing animals; cost of producing milk; Arkansas oleomargarine laws; coconut oil taxes and import duties; income figures for select agricultural products; five leading oleomargarine producers; list of qualified manufacturers of oleomargarine.

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                Title:   Oleomargarine: bills to repeal tax, 1949

                Creator:  Aiken, George D. (George David), 1892-1984.

                Date:  1949

                Resource type:   text

                Topics include proposed bills to repeal tax on oleomargarine; Aiken's opposition to oleomargarine being passed off as butter; text of proposed bills to repeal tax on margarine (S. 60, S. 117, S. 254, S. 332, H.R. 2023).

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                  Title:   S. 1418: Provide Adjustment of Maximum Prices on Milk, 1943-1944

                  Creator:  Aiken, George D. (George David), 1892-1984.

                  Date:  1943-1944

                  Resource type:   text

                  Topics include report, drafts and text of S.1418: Adjustment of Milk Prices, submitted by Senators Eastland (MS) and McClellan (AR); dairy subsidies, price ceilings, and milk production.

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