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Dairy and the US Congress

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Collection Overview

This collection documents legislative issues relating to dairy such as milk pricing, subsidies, and oleomargarine. Vermont's congressional delegation has a long and active history in matters relating to Vermont's dairy farmers and the dairy industry. George Aiken, Elbert Brigham, James Jeffords, and Patrick Leahy all served on Agriculture committees and their collections document many of the agricultural issues that faced Congress in the 20th Century.

Time Period Covered: 1941-1975 

Parent Collections

Congressional Papers

Related Archival Collection(s)

George D. Aiken Papers

Published:  November 07, 2006,  University of Vermont, Bailey/Howe Library, Special Collections

Rights:  Requests to reproduce this item should be sent to the UVM Libraries' Center for Digital Initiatives at cdi@uvm.edu. For more information, see http://cdi.uvm.edu/about/rights. More information.


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Title:   Dairy Products (Library): Correspondence, 1956

Creator:  Aiken, George D. (George David), 1892-1984.

Date:  1956

Resource type:   text

Topics include importation of cows from Canada and over-production of milk; soil bank bill in Congress; Boston milk formula and the price of milk; milk promotion to middle aged women; price of grain; proposed forestry provisions to plant poorer land with trees in new farm bill in Congress; lack of incentive for big diary companies to increase the sale of fluid milk; minimum support prices under manufacturing milk; "Dairy Farmers of America"; Vermont dairy cooperatives; milk vending machine legislation in New York; congratulatory letter to Elmer Montgomery for receiving the Distinguished Farmer Award for 1955; request of New England cooperatives for a suspension of the 22 cent drop in milk; school milk and Brucellosis eradication programs; use of lime and superphosphate; tax benefits for farmers; Federal tax on gasoline used for agricultural purposes; St. Lawrence Seaway; farmer eligibility for Social Security benefits; marketing of farm products in foreign countries; Watershed Act of 1954; Water Facilities Act of 1954; farm production and marketing methods research; support price for feed grains; bulk tanks; proposals to expand New York marketing area to include major upstate cities and provide for regulation by federal order for northern New Jersey; Scoffield case and an injunction prohibiting the Secretary of Agriculture from extending the milk order; use of dairy products by the Armed Services.

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    Title:   Dairy Products: Correspondence, 1955

    Creator:  Aiken, George D. (George David), 1892-1984.

    Date:  1955

    Resource type:   text

    Topics include price subsidies for milk and their relation to production and consumption; President Eisenhower and the Democratic Congress; controversy over grain elevators in Pakistan; views of the late Senator Robert Taft (OH) on farms; price for milk in the Boston market; Brucellosis program funding; failure to include northern New Jersey in a milk order; insertion of comments by Elmer Towne into the Congressional Record by Senator Aiken; effort to equalize milk prices nationally; money spent in Vermont and New England for milk promotion through the Vermont Dairy Council , the American Dairy Association of Vermont, Milk for Health, Inc., and the New England Dairy and Food Council; proposed amendments to milk marketing orders; New York milk price; Aiken's request that milk vending machines be placed in the Senate Office Building; hearings about proposed amendments to milk marketing orders; bulk milk tanks; request for President Eisenhower to visit the Vermont Dairy Festival in 1956; local ordinances and state laws on milk; New York-New Jersey milk regulation; Vermont hearing on "Rules and Regulations Relating to the Manufacture and Sale of Ice Cream and Other Frozen Dairy Products"; Aiken press release urging Republican women to drink milk; current rate of purchases of dairy products; handling of milk in the Brattleboro area.

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      Title:   Dairy price supports - Keith Wallace Letter, 1958

      Creator:  Aiken, George D. (George David), 1892-1984.

      Date:  1958

      Resource type:   text

      Topics include Secretary of Agriculture Ezra Benson's proposal to reduce dairy price supports; Aiken's response to Benson's proposal; Aiken's response to President Eisenhower's agricultural message to the Congress; letter from Aiken to Keith Wallace, President of the Vermont State Farm Bureau on milk prices; questionnaire sent by Aiken to Vermont farmers and farm organizations; bill proposed by Representative Thomas Abernethy (MS); milk production.

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        Title:   Dairy price supports - correspondence, 1958

        Creator:  Aiken, George D. (George David), 1892-1984.

        Date:  1958

        Resource type:   text

        Topics include Secretary of Agriculture Ezra Benson's proposal to reduce dairy price supports; Aiken's response to Benson's proposal; proposed legislation from Senator Hubert Humphrey (MN).

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          Title:   Dairy – Legislation – Correspondence, 1963

          Creator:  Aiken, George D. (George David), 1892-1984.

          Date:  1963

          Resource type:   text

          Topics include Class I milk marketing order proposals by Senator Proxmire (WI) and Senator McCarthy (MN), both of which were opposed by Senator Aiken; proposed changes to the Agricultural Adjustment Act by the USDA; milk prices; milk surpluses.

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            Title:   Dairy – Legislation – Correspondence, 1963

            Creator:  Aiken, George D. (George David), 1892-1984

            Date:  1963

            Resource type:   text

            Topics include Class I milk marketing order proposals by Senator Proxmire (WI) and Senator McCarthy (MN), both of which were opposed by Senator Aiken; milk sanitation legislation; remarks of Rep. Samuel Stratton (NY) in the House of Representatives on federal dairy legislation; milk prices; milk production and surpluses; comments of Elmer Towne, Vermont Commisssioner of Agriculture, on Kennedy administration’s proposed dairy legislation.

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              Title:   Dairy, 1953

              Creator:  Aiken, George D. (George David), 1892-1984.

              Date:  1953

              Resource type:   text

              Topics include cost of feed; door-to-door delivery of milk and automatic dispensers; price support for dairy; decline in livestock values; surplus butter and the armed services; dairy industry advisory committee called by Secretary of Agriculture Ezra Benson; oleomargarine; large purchases of butter by the Commodity Credit Corporation; President Dwight Eisenhower; Milk Producers Federation banquet; two-price system; price of Class I milk; low fat content butter; shipment of unregulated milk into the New York-New Jersey marketing area; milk surplus.

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                Title:   Dairy, USDA Proposed Amendment to Class I Prices, 1963

                Creator:  Aiken, George D. (George David), 1892-1984.

                Date:  1963

                Resource type:   text

                Topics include hearing Federal Milk Order pricing, particularly proposed amendments to Class I milk pricing; letter from Elmer Towne, Vermont Commissioner of Agriculture, supporting continuation of Class I milk pricing.

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                  Title:   Dairy: Abernethy "Self-Help" bill (Library), 1958

                  Creator:  Aiken, George D. (George David), 1892-1984.

                  Date:  1958

                  Resource type:   text

                  Topics include H.R. 10043 by Representative Thomas Abernethy (MS), which is the same as a bill in the Senate by Senators Hubert Humphrey (MN) and Alexander Wiley (WI); bill would establish a "Dairy Stabilization Board" which would be empowered to fix prices, control production, establish the level of price supports for manufacturing milk, and conceivably take over all the processing functions; response of Vermont farm organizations to the bill; Aiken's estimation of the chance of the bill in Congress; current balance between consumption and production of milk; fertilizer payments; Vermont hearings on the "Self-Help" bill.

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                    Title:   Dairy: Correspondence and Dairymen's League vs. Teamsters, 1959

                    Creator:  Aiken, George D. (George David), 1892-1984.

                    Date:  1959

                    Resource type:   text

                    Topics include New England Milkshed Price Committee; letter from Elmer Towne, Vermont Commissioner of Agriculture, on a variety of dairy issues in Vermont; continuation of dairy support prices; National Conference on Interstate Shipments of Milk and a proposed national milk standards act; USDA General Counsel's opinion of proposed limitations on dairy price supports in the Department of Agriculture and Farm Credit Adminstration Appropriation Act for the fiscal year 1960; "Swedish Treatment" for mastitis; pesticide and antibiotic residues in milk.

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                      Title:   Dairy: General Correspondence, 1962

                      Creator:  Aiken, George D. (George David), 1892-1984.

                      Date:  1962

                      Resource type:   text

                      Topics include USDA study on probable effects on prices and consumption of quota plans to restrict farm marketings of milk and cream; remarks of President Kennedy to the National Conference on Milk and Nutrition; milk and grain surplus figures; press release from Senator Proxmire (WI) on milk price supports; memo from Charlie Weaver to Aiken about a plan proposed by Bill Welden of Hood to fight proposed quota legislation.

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                        Title:   Dairy: General Correspondence, 1962

                        Creator:  Aiken, George D. (George David), 1892-1984.

                        Date:  1962

                        Resource type:   text

                        Topics include Senator Aiken's correspondence to constituents on small dairy farms; processing tax on feed grain; dairy farm surpluses; milk dating; marketing quotas; roller dried skim milk powder; proposal to collect milk promotion funds through federal milk market orders; bulk tanks; Milk Marketing Program; improving milk quality and production methods.

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                          Title:   Dairy: H.R.12138 Lehigh Valley Case; Amendments to NY NJ Milk order; Jesse Stalker Case,1962

                          Creator:  Aiken, George D. (George David), 1892-1984.

                          Date:  1962

                          Resource type:   text

                          Topics include Lehigh Valley Coop. v. United States, Supreme Court case; H.R. 12138, a bill to amend the Agriculture Marketing Act of 1937 to permit certain payments under milk marketing orders; amendments to New York-New Jersey milk order; Jessee Stalker case, a New York producer-handler

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                            Title:   Dairy: Northeast Milk Marketing Order, 1962

                            Creator:  Aiken, George D. (George David), 1892-1984.

                            Date:  1962

                            Resource type:   text

                            Topics include Secretary of Agriculture Orville Freeman's decision on proposed amendments to milk marketing orders; response to decision from the Northeastern Association of State Departments of Agriculture; milk prices.

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                              Title:   Milk Marketing, 1941-1942

                              Creator:  Aiken, George D. (George David), 1892-1984.

                              Date:  1941-1942

                              Resource type:   text

                              Topics include milk prices; United States Department of Agriculture Marketing Administration regulations for the Greater Boston and New York marketing areas; drought conditions and low cost feed.

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                                Title:   Milk Marketing, 1941-1942

                                Creator:  Aiken, George D. (George David), 1892-1984

                                Date:  1941-1942

                                Resource type:   text

                                Topics include milk prices; United States Department of Agriculture Marketing Administration regulations for the Greater Boston and New York marketing areas; need for unification of agricultural groups to become a stronger advocate for farmers; Agricultural Marketing Agreement of 1937; milk distributors in the greater New York City area and price fixing; Senate Committee on Agriculture; Providence, Rhode Island Milk Market; butter fat content of milk; United States Department of Agriculture Office of Price Administration; milk retailers; President Roosevelt's Economic Stabilization Program.

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                                  Title:   Milk, 1943-1945

                                  Creator:  Aiken, George D. (George David), 1892-1984.

                                  Date:  1943-1945

                                  Resource type:   text

                                  Topics include milk prices for Springfield and Fitchburg, Massachusetts; creamery butter and cheese production estimates; dairy subsidies and milk production; Senate Committee on Agriculture; Senator Warren Austin (VT); Board of Health regulations and the unloading of milk at Hood's creamery in Newport, Vermont; United Farmers Co-operative Creamery Association, Inc.; United States War Food Administration; effect of drought on hay and pasture crops; State Control Boards and surplus milk; United States Office of Price Administration; milk coolers; price of whole milk and butter; Ingelside Dairy; New York milk marketing area; milk fat quota and the manufacture of frozen dairy foods and mix; retail price of milk; importation of milk from Canada.

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                                    Title:   Milk, 1952

                                    Creator:  Aiken, George D. (George David), 1892-1984.

                                    Date:  1952

                                    Resource type:   text

                                    Topics include rising cost of dairy production and high cost of feed; Office of Price Stabilization and Supplemental Regulation 63; price control of dairy products; letter from Secretary of State Dean Acheson to Senator Burnet Maybank (SC) in regards to the Defense Production Act; statement of George Paul before the Senate Banking and Currency Committee setting forth the views of the National Creameries Association in regards to the Defense Production Act; Secretary of Agriculture Charles F. Brannan; pricing of class 1-C milk in New Jersey and Senate Committee hearings; appropriations for the Dairy Herd Improvement Association Division of the Bureau of Dairy Industry.

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                                      Title:   Milk: Correspondence H.R. 2119, S. 762, 1949

                                      Creator:  Aiken, George D. (George David), 1892-1984.

                                      Date:  1892-1984

                                      Resource type:   text

                                      Topics include bills in House and Senate to direct the Secretary of Agriculture to announce the parity price of milk and announce or make effective the support price of milk; mandatory supports for dairy products; disposal of surplus dairy products; proposed suspension of Boston milk order; Vermont farm cooperatives; supply and demand provision of the New England milk formula; United Farmers of New England; proposed equalizing of prices in New York and New England milksheds; marketing of Class II New York milk in New England secondary markets.

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                                        Title:   Oleomargarine Bill: Correspondence, 1948

                                        Creator:  Aiken, George D. (George David), 1892-1984.

                                        Date:  1948

                                        Resource type:   text

                                        Resource type:   letter

                                        Topics include oleomargarine regulation; oleomargarine tax; oleomargarine use in hotels and restaurants disguised as butter; oleomargarine coloring; oleomargarine production and the cost of butter; oleomargarine advertisements in Life magazine.

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                                          Title:   Oleomargarine Bill: Correspondence, 1948

                                          Creator:  Aiken, George D. (George David), 1892-1984.

                                          Date:  1948

                                          Resource type:   text

                                          Resource type:   letter

                                          Topics include oleomargarine legislation; oleomargarine tax; oleomargarine use in hotels and restaurants disguised as butter; oleomargarine coloring; production of oleomargarine and the cornering of the cotton oil market by two companies; oleomargarine bill in the Senate Committee on Finance; rather than the Senate Agriculture Committee; the United States Food and Drug Administration and the misbranding of foods; Vermont dairy industry; corn syrup served as maple syrup.

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                                            Title:   Oleomargarine Hearings: H.R. 2245, 1948

                                            Creator:  Aiken, George D. (George David), 1892-1984.

                                            Date:  1948

                                            Resource type:   text

                                            Tax on Oleomargarine; proposed amendment drafts; statistical report on the use of foreign coconut oil in margarine; statistical reports on oleomargarine produced and materials used for January and February 1948 as compared to January and February 1947.

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                                              Title:   Oleomargarine: H.R. 2023, 1950

                                              Creator:  Aiken, George D. (George David), 1892-1984.

                                              Date:  1950

                                              Resource type:   text

                                              Topics include H.R. 2023, an act to regulate oleomargarine, to repeal certain taxes relating to oleomargarine, and for other purposes; text and amendments to the bill; taxes under Internal Revenue Code for oleomargarine, processed butter, and adulterated butter; import duty under Tariff Act for oleomargarine and butter; average hourly rate for select states; beef and veal from milk-producing animals; cost of producing milk; Arkansas oleomargarine laws; coconut oil taxes and import duties; income figures for select agricultural products; five leading oleomargarine producers; list of qualified manufacturers of oleomargarine.

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                                                Title:   Oleomargarine: bills to repeal tax, 1949

                                                Creator:  Aiken, George D. (George David), 1892-1984.

                                                Date:  1949

                                                Resource type:   text

                                                Topics include proposed bills to repeal tax on oleomargarine; Aiken's opposition to oleomargarine being passed off as butter; text of proposed bills to repeal tax on margarine (S. 60, S. 117, S. 254, S. 332, H.R. 2023).

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                                                  Title:   S. 1418: Provide Adjustment of Maximum Prices on Milk, 1943-1944

                                                  Creator:  Aiken, George D. (George David), 1892-1984.

                                                  Date:  1943-1944

                                                  Resource type:   text

                                                  Topics include report, drafts and text of S.1418: Adjustment of Milk Prices, submitted by Senators Eastland (MS) and McClellan (AR); dairy subsidies, price ceilings, and milk production.

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