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Dairy and the US Congress

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Collection Overview

This collection documents legislative issues relating to dairy such as milk pricing, subsidies, and oleomargarine. Vermont's congressional delegation has a long and active history in matters relating to Vermont's dairy farmers and the dairy industry. George Aiken, Elbert Brigham, James Jeffords, and Patrick Leahy all served on Agriculture committees and their collections document many of the agricultural issues that faced Congress in the 20th Century.

Time Period Covered: 1941-1975 

Parent Collections

Congressional Papers

Related Archival Collection(s)

George D. Aiken Papers

Published:  November 07, 2006,  University of Vermont, Bailey/Howe Library, Special Collections

Rights:  Requests to reproduce this item should be sent to the UVM Libraries' Center for Digital Initiatives at cdi@uvm.edu. For more information, see http://cdi.uvm.edu/about/rights. More information.


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Title:   Issues of oleomargarine tax repeal : a classification of the arguments for and against repeal; digest of the debate of H.R. 2445 in the House of Representatives and summary of the testimony in relation to the bill presented to the Senate Committee on Finance at hearings and in statements submitted to the Committee.

Creator:  United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Finance

Date:  1948

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    Title:   Milk Marketing, 1941-1942

    Creator:  Aiken, George D. (George David), 1892-1984.

    Date:  1941-1942

    Resource type:   text

    Topics include milk prices; United States Department of Agriculture Marketing Administration regulations for the Greater Boston and New York marketing areas; drought conditions and low cost feed.

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      Title:   Milk Marketing, 1941-1942

      Creator:  Aiken, George D. (George David), 1892-1984

      Date:  1941-1942

      Resource type:   text

      Topics include milk prices; United States Department of Agriculture Marketing Administration regulations for the Greater Boston and New York marketing areas; need for unification of agricultural groups to become a stronger advocate for farmers; Agricultural Marketing Agreement of 1937; milk distributors in the greater New York City area and price fixing; Senate Committee on Agriculture; Providence, Rhode Island Milk Market; butter fat content of milk; United States Department of Agriculture Office of Price Administration; milk retailers; President Roosevelt's Economic Stabilization Program.

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        Title:   Milk, 1943-1945

        Creator:  Aiken, George D. (George David), 1892-1984.

        Date:  1943-1945

        Resource type:   text

        Topics include milk prices for Springfield and Fitchburg, Massachusetts; creamery butter and cheese production estimates; dairy subsidies and milk production; Senate Committee on Agriculture; Senator Warren Austin (VT); Board of Health regulations and the unloading of milk at Hood's creamery in Newport, Vermont; United Farmers Co-operative Creamery Association, Inc.; United States War Food Administration; effect of drought on hay and pasture crops; State Control Boards and surplus milk; United States Office of Price Administration; milk coolers; price of whole milk and butter; Ingelside Dairy; New York milk marketing area; milk fat quota and the manufacture of frozen dairy foods and mix; retail price of milk; importation of milk from Canada.

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          Title:   Milk, 1952

          Creator:  Aiken, George D. (George David), 1892-1984.

          Date:  1952

          Resource type:   text

          Topics include rising cost of dairy production and high cost of feed; Office of Price Stabilization and Supplemental Regulation 63; price control of dairy products; letter from Secretary of State Dean Acheson to Senator Burnet Maybank (SC) in regards to the Defense Production Act; statement of George Paul before the Senate Banking and Currency Committee setting forth the views of the National Creameries Association in regards to the Defense Production Act; Secretary of Agriculture Charles F. Brannan; pricing of class 1-C milk in New Jersey and Senate Committee hearings; appropriations for the Dairy Herd Improvement Association Division of the Bureau of Dairy Industry.

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            Title:   Milk: Correspondence H.R. 2119, S. 762, 1949

            Creator:  Aiken, George D. (George David), 1892-1984.

            Date:  1892-1984

            Resource type:   text

            Topics include bills in House and Senate to direct the Secretary of Agriculture to announce the parity price of milk and announce or make effective the support price of milk; mandatory supports for dairy products; disposal of surplus dairy products; proposed suspension of Boston milk order; Vermont farm cooperatives; supply and demand provision of the New England milk formula; United Farmers of New England; proposed equalizing of prices in New York and New England milksheds; marketing of Class II New York milk in New England secondary markets.

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              Title:   Oleomargarine Bill: Correspondence, 1948

              Creator:  Aiken, George D. (George David), 1892-1984.

              Date:  1948

              Resource type:   text

              Resource type:   letter

              Topics include oleomargarine regulation; oleomargarine tax; oleomargarine use in hotels and restaurants disguised as butter; oleomargarine coloring; oleomargarine production and the cost of butter; oleomargarine advertisements in Life magazine.

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                Title:   Oleomargarine Bill: Correspondence, 1948

                Creator:  Aiken, George D. (George David), 1892-1984.

                Date:  1948

                Resource type:   text

                Resource type:   letter

                Topics include oleomargarine legislation; oleomargarine tax; oleomargarine use in hotels and restaurants disguised as butter; oleomargarine coloring; production of oleomargarine and the cornering of the cotton oil market by two companies; oleomargarine bill in the Senate Committee on Finance; rather than the Senate Agriculture Committee; the United States Food and Drug Administration and the misbranding of foods; Vermont dairy industry; corn syrup served as maple syrup.

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                  Title:   Oleomargarine Hearings: H.R. 2245, 1948

                  Creator:  Aiken, George D. (George David), 1892-1984.

                  Date:  1948

                  Resource type:   text

                  Tax on Oleomargarine; proposed amendment drafts; statistical report on the use of foreign coconut oil in margarine; statistical reports on oleomargarine produced and materials used for January and February 1948 as compared to January and February 1947.

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                    Title:   Oleomargarine: H.R. 2023, 1950

                    Creator:  Aiken, George D. (George David), 1892-1984.

                    Date:  1950

                    Resource type:   text

                    Topics include H.R. 2023, an act to regulate oleomargarine, to repeal certain taxes relating to oleomargarine, and for other purposes; text and amendments to the bill; taxes under Internal Revenue Code for oleomargarine, processed butter, and adulterated butter; import duty under Tariff Act for oleomargarine and butter; average hourly rate for select states; beef and veal from milk-producing animals; cost of producing milk; Arkansas oleomargarine laws; coconut oil taxes and import duties; income figures for select agricultural products; five leading oleomargarine producers; list of qualified manufacturers of oleomargarine.

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                      Title:   Oleomargarine: bills to repeal tax, 1949

                      Creator:  Aiken, George D. (George David), 1892-1984.

                      Date:  1949

                      Resource type:   text

                      Topics include proposed bills to repeal tax on oleomargarine; Aiken's opposition to oleomargarine being passed off as butter; text of proposed bills to repeal tax on margarine (S. 60, S. 117, S. 254, S. 332, H.R. 2023).

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                        Title:   Regulations no. 9 relating to the taxes on oleomargarine, adulterated butter and process or renovated butter under the acts of August 2, 1886 (24 Stat., 209), May 9, 1902 (32 Stat., 193), August 10, 1912 (37 Stat., 273), October 1, 1918 (40 Stat., 1008), July 10, 1930 (46 Stat, . 1022), March 4, 1931 (46 Stat., 1549) and February 24, 1933 (47 STat., 902) Revised April 1936.

                        Creator:  United States. Office of Internal Revenue.

                        Date:  1936

                        1936 Internal Revenue Service regulations relating to the taxes on oleomargarine, adulterated butter and process or renovated butter.

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                          Title:   S. 1418: Provide Adjustment of Maximum Prices on Milk, 1943-1944

                          Creator:  Aiken, George D. (George David), 1892-1984.

                          Date:  1943-1944

                          Resource type:   text

                          Topics include report, drafts and text of S.1418: Adjustment of Milk Prices, submitted by Senators Eastland (MS) and McClellan (AR); dairy subsidies, price ceilings, and milk production.

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