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Justus F. Gale Correspondence

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Justus F. Gale was born in 1837 to Jonas (1800-1874) and Abigail Albee Gale (1810-1869). He enlisted in Co. A of the 8th Regiment of Vermont Volunteers September 23, 1861 and died in Louisiana September 19, 1863 of chronic diarrhea.

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Time Period Covered: December 23, 1861 - December 13, 1862 

Parent Collections

Vermonters in the Civil War

Related Archival Collection(s)

Gale and Morse Family Papers

Published:  March 25, 2011,  University of Vermont, Bailey/Howe Library, Center for Digital Initiatives

Rights:  Requests to reproduce this item should be sent to Vermont Historical Society Library, vhs-library@state.vt.us. For more information, see http://cdi.uvm.edu/about/rights. More information.


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Title:   Justus F. Gale to Father

Creator:  Gale, Justus F., 1837-1863

Date:  1862-09-24

Resource type:   correspondence

Topics include his reference to his religious faith, the death of Justus Gale’s brother Charlie and of the death of Jester caused by the fever, the poor health of the rest of his family, the good health of himself and of sending on a photograph sent to him and of getting a photograph taken of him to send.

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    Title:   Justus F. Gale to Father

    Creator:  Gale, Justus F., 1837-1863

    Date:  1862-11-07

    Resource type:   correspondence

    Gale writes of his regiment and the rebels, of other troops encountering the enemy who left much camp supplies, cannon, etc. behind, receiving the Green Mountain Freeman, trying to appease both parents concerning the farm and deeding it back to his father, his concerns about his father having another woman in his life and how that affects him, and the expectation that the regiment will return to Algiers.

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      Title:   Justus F. Gale to Friends

      Creator:  Gale, Justus F., 1837-1863

      Date:  1862-05-04

      Resource type:   correspondence

      Topics include packing up to march most likely towards New Orleans, the occupation of New Orleans by the Union troops, thinking the war will be over soon.

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        Title:   Justus F. Gale to Mother

        Creator:  Gale, Justus F., 1837-1863

        Date:  1862-02-21

        Resource type:   correspondence

        From Brattleboro topics include Justus Gale’s common cold, asking for leave denied, only those with wife and babies being allowed to go home, the rumor that Texas and Tennessee has been ordered to surrender, has received $33 in military pay and the expectation to stay at Camp Holbrook for another month.

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          Title:   Justus F. Gale to Mother

          Creator:  Gale, Justus F., 1837-1863

          Date:  1862-04-06

          Resource type:   correspondence

          Two letters dated April 4th and 6th. Writing after arriving at Ship Island, Mississippi topics include observing the Sabbath,his devotion for the Bible, arriving on shore, digging and finding plenty of fresh water, being treated with food from the Mass. 30th, thinking war may be over before he gets a chance to fight and the expectation of capturing New Orleans.

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            Title:   Justus F. Gale to Mother

            Creator:  Gale, Justus F., 1837-1863

            Date:  1862-08-19

            Resource type:   correspondence

            Topics include a few deaths in the regiment, a description of the Battle at Baton Rouge (August 5, 1862) , and the resignation and promotions within the regiment.

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              Title:   Justus F. Gale to Mother

              Creator:  Gale, Justus F., 1837-1863

              Date:  1862-10-25

              Resource type:   correspondence

              Writing to his mother, topics include marching orders to go up the railroad, waiting for a regiment of contrabands from the other side of the river to lead the way on their march, receiving his military pay, and giving his best wishes to his mother.

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                Title:   Justus F. Gale to Sister

                Creator:  Gale, Justus F., 1837-1863

                Date:  1862-01-11

                Resource type:   correspondence

                Topics include the snow at Camp Holbrook, St. Albans, the living arrangements, the 25 men sick with the measles, and the move to Ship Island in 2 or 3 weeks.

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                  Title:   Justus F. Gale to Sister

                  Creator:  Gale, Justus F., 1837-1863

                  Date:  1862-01-30

                  Resource type:   correspondence

                  Topics include remaining at Camp Holbrook in Vermont for 4 weeks, grateful to hear from home, food not very good, a rumor of getting paid, and the visitors who watch dress parade.

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                    Title:   Justus F. Gale to Sister

                    Creator:  Gale, Justus F., 1837-1863

                    Date:  1862-02-09

                    Resource type:   correspondence

                    Topics include observing the Sabbath in camp by reading the Bible, a description of dress parade, gives his enlistment date at Sept 23, 1861, anticipates military pay of $20 a month from the date of enlistment and mentions again the bombardment of Fort Henry on the Tennessee River by Commodore A H Foote and General Grant.

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                      Title:   Justus F. Gale to Sister

                      Creator:  Gale, Justus F., 1837-1863

                      Date:  1862-03-07

                      Resource type:   correspondence

                      Writing to his sister topics include the journey from Camp Holbrook to Ship Island through New York via train car, mentions 45 rebel officers being taken prisoner at Fort Donelson, hopes the war to be over soon, thinks of his family back home and puts his faith in God to rule over all.

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                        Title:   Justus F. Gale to Sister

                        Creator:  Gale, Justus F., 1837-1863

                        Date:  1862-05-15

                        Resource type:   correspondence

                        Topics include leaving Ship Island, being towed back up the Mississippi River to camp in New Orleans, the poor conditions of Fort Jackson and Philips, traveling into the city, the positive attitude of the natives of New Orleans toward Gale and companion now that it is occupied by the Union, General Butler redistributing provisions to the poor of the city that were captured from the rebels

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                          Title:   Justus F. Gale to Sister

                          Creator:  Gale, Justus F., 1837-1863

                          Date:  1862-06-14

                          Resource type:   correspondence

                          Topics include the movement of the company from Algiers to Lafourche, a description of the living situation at Algiers, the good food at camp including fresh fruit berries, water quality not good.

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                            Title:   Justus F. Gale to Sister

                            Creator:  Gale, Justus F., 1837-1863

                            Date:  1862-11-14

                            Resource type:   correspondence

                            Topics include the poor health of Justus Gale’s sister, having plenty to eat and confiscating anything while in the field including livestock from the rebels, receiving a box from home that was greatly appreciated though disappointed none of Mother's cheese, the expectation of returning to Algiers, and some family affairs including what to do with Charlie's clothes since his death, mentions still needing to get a photographer and have his photo taken, and the possibility of renting the farm.

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                              Title:   Justus F. Gale to Sister

                              Creator:  Gale, Justus F., 1837-1863

                              Date:  1862-11-18

                              Resource type:   correspondence

                              Topics include the being saddened by the ill health of his family in Elmore, enjoying good health himself, troops living in an apparently abandoned house in Bayou Boeuf, La., the parole of the prisoners who are still alive (not clear but these may be Union soldiers taken prisoners as some were shot for running from their army and joining a Union regiment), the movement of the army on the Potomac and still unable to get a photograph of himself taken.

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                                Title:   Justus F. Gale to Sister

                                Creator:  Gale, Justus F., 1837-1863

                                Date:  1862-04-21

                                Resource type:   correspondence

                                Topics include the improvement in Justus Gale's health, the cost of food items in camp, the death of three men in the regiment, the attempted suicide of a man in Company F, mentions "sugar place" back home in Elmore and writes about the lack of information in camp about the rest of the Union Army.

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                                  Title:   Justus F. Gale to Sister

                                  Creator:  Gale, Justus F., 1837-1863

                                  Date:  1862-05-22

                                  Resource type:   correspondence

                                  Topics include trying to figure out where letters may have gone missing, letters taking several weeks to arrive, not receiving the Green Mountain Freeman, the lack of details about the taking of New Orleans, and Justus Gale being on guard last night.

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                                    Title:   Justus F. Gale to Sister

                                    Creator:  Gale, Justus F., 1837-1863

                                    Date:  1862-07-18

                                    Resource type:   correspondence

                                    Topics include the good health of Justus Gale, the food available at Algiers including confiscated beef from the locals, standing guard for 12 hour shifts, killing alligators, writes of some of his comrades, the sickness of Sargent 2nd Class.Chas. C. Martin with inflammation of the bowels, the capture of Richmond and Vicksburg, mentions Confederate Gen. G. T. Beauregard, receiving a copy of the Green Mountain Freeman and refers to his religious faith.

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                                      Title:   Justus F. Gale to Sister

                                      Creator:  Gale, Justus F., 1837-1863

                                      Date:  1862-08-26

                                      Resource type:   correspondence

                                      Topics include wishing his sister a happy birthday, clearing up the rumor that he is dead, the enlisting of blacks, and the enlisting of men from home before they are drafted.

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                                        Title:   Justus F. Gale to Sister

                                        Creator:  Gale, Justus F., 1837-1863

                                        Date:  1862-10-09

                                        Resource type:   correspondence

                                        Topics include the improved health of Justus Gale’s family, speaks of his religious faith, a discussion of deciding on Charley’s gravestone, and the separation of his Gale's parents.

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                                          Title:   Justus F. Gale to Sister & Friends

                                          Creator:  Gale, Justus F., 1837-1863

                                          Date:  1862-09-09

                                          Resource type:   correspondence

                                          Topics include the sickness of Justus Gale’s mother and brother Charley, mentions his dismay of men trying to skip military duty, the rebel prisoners taken by various Union regiments, mentions Gen. Butler may be taking care of the guerrilla fighters and the injuries sustained by the men in the train accident whereby many seemed to have avoided amputations.

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                                            Title:   Justus F. Gale to Sister & Friends

                                            Creator:  Gale, Justus F., 1837-1863

                                            Date:  1862-09-24

                                            Resource type:   correspondence

                                            From Algiers, La topics include ill health of his mother and sister, the death of his brother Charley, how difficult it is to get a military discharge, Justus Gale’s negative opinion of the Blacks, his hope slavery is ended, and his hope that his sister and mother will become healthy again.

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                                              Title:   Justus F. Gale to Sister Almeda

                                              Creator:  Gale, Justus F., 1837-1863

                                              Date:  1862-08-16

                                              Resource type:   correspondence

                                              Topics include guard duty, being able to pick some sweet potatoes, having fresh fruit melons, a trip into the city, a description of a plantation, mentions how much work it is for owners to look after their slaves, states care must be taken of their dress suits and boots in spite of whatever their living conditions may be and the improved health of some of the men in the regiment.

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                                                Title:   Justus F. Gale to [Family]

                                                Creator:  Gale, Justus F., 1837-1863

                                                Date:  1862-02-19

                                                Resource type:   correspondence

                                                Writing from Brattleboro topics include drilling, a few companies being sworn into the United States service, Justus Gale’s health improving from a brief cold, mentions "rag" hash soup, boiled beef & potatoes, news of family members and the snow at camp.

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                                                  Title:   Justus F. Gale to [Family]

                                                  Creator:  Gale, Justus F., 1837-1863

                                                  Date:  [1862-04]

                                                  Resource type:   correspondence

                                                  Topics include lyrics to a song that is sung while marching.

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