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Letters Home From Congress

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Collection Overview

This collection features letters home from Warren R. Austin (Senator, 1931-1946), Jacob Collamer (Representative, 1843-1848; Senator, 1855-1865), and Samuel C. Crafts (Representative, 1817-1824; Senator 1842-1843). The letters document travel to and from Washington by horse, boat, train, and airplane; lodging in boarding houses, hotels, and homes; social life in Washington; significant local and national events; and legislative issues under consideration in Congress. Austin's letters are particularly strong in their coverage of his frustration at being a minority Senator during the era of Roosevelt and the New Deal; his activities on the Judiciary Committee; and foreign affairs questions such as the Neutrality Act. The letters of Crafts and Collamer both extensively cover the question of slavery, discussing Missouri statehood, John Brown, the annexation of Texas, and the Civil War. All three Congressmen frequently discuss questions regarding appropriations and the Federal budget. Biographical information is available from the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, at: http://bioguide.congress.gov/biosearch/biosearch.asp

Time Period Covered: 1818-1941 

Parent Collections

Congressional Papers

Related Archival Collection(s)

Warren R. Austin Collection
Crafts Family Collection
Collamer Family Papers

Published:  September 12, 2006,  University of Vermont, Bailey/Howe Library, Special Collections

Rights:  Requests to reproduce this item should be sent to the UVM Libraries' Center for Digital Initiatives at cdi@uvm.edu. For more information, see http://cdi.uvm.edu/about/rights. More information.


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Browsing by:    Topic: ("Great Britain. Treaties, etc. United States, 1842 Aug. 9") remove term

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Title:   Letter to Nathan and Mary Hill, August 14, 1842

Creator:  Crafts, Samuel Chandler, 1768-1853

Date:  1842-08-14

Resource type:   text

Resource type:   letter

Letter to daughter and son-in-law. Topics include veto of Tariff Bill by President Tyler; Southern and Western Whig opinions to leave Washington without a Tariff Bill leaving the Federal Government without revenue; strategy meetings of Whigs from the Senate and House; idea to give up on public lands piece of Tariff Bill; treaty between Great Britain and the United States is before the Senate, with possible Locofoco (Democrat) opposition to it; the treaty settles boundary questions from St. Croix to the Rocky Mountains.

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    Title:   Letter to Nathan and Mary Hill, August 21, 1842

    Creator:  Crafts, Samuel Chandler, 1768-1853

    Date:  1842-08-21

    Resource type:   text

    Resource type:   letter

    Letter to daughter and son-in-law. Topics include treaty between Great Britain and the United States finally approved by the Senate after four long days of discussion, surmounting strong opposition by a vote of 39 to 9; continued deadlock on Tariff Bill; Treasury statement to the House stating that all funds on hand had been expended and asking for authority for more Treasury Notes; impact of governmental inaction on the Tariff Bill on factories and the importation of foreign goods.

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      Title:   Letter to Nathan and Mary Hill, August 7, 1842

      Creator:  Crafts, Samuel Chandler, 1768-1853

      Date:  1842-08-07

      Resource type:   text

      Resource type:   letter

      Letter to daughter and son-in-law. Topics include Tariff Bill passed by Senate and sent to the President; efforts by Locofocos (Democrats) to oppose the Tariff Bill; Senate split on Tariff bill with twenty-five Whigs for, twenty Locofocos (Democrats) against, and five southern Whigs against, but Senator John Henderson (MS) was absent and Senator John Berrien (GA) did not vote; discussions about whether President Tyler will sign the bill what will happen if it is vetoed; treaty between Great Britain and the United States; Government band which plays in front of the Capitol every Thursday and at the Presidents on Saturday evenings; theatre performances; public gardens; Locofocos (Democrats) in Vermont.

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        Title:   Letter to Nathan and Mary Hill, July 17, 1842

        Creator:  Crafts, Samuel Chandler, 1768-1853

        Date:  1842-07-17

        Resource type:   text

        Resource type:   letter

        Letter to daughter and son-in-law. Topics include President Tyler and the Tariff Bill; Tariff Bill passed, 116 to 112, by the House despite opposition from Locofocos (Democrats) and some Southern Whigs and a threatened veto; Tariff Bill now in the Senate where there are 20 Locofocos (Democrats) and 30 Whigs, but 5 southern Whigs who will cast the deciding votes on passage; Vermont State Whig Convention; Governor Paine (VT); Henry Clay's potential candidacy for President; Craft's feelings on being elected for the remained of Judge Samuel Prentiss' Senate term; rumored changes in President Tyler's cabinet; Daniel Webster, Lord Ashburton and a prospect of a settlement of disputes with Great Britain.

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          Title:   Letter to Nathan and Mary Hill, July 24, 1842

          Creator:  Crafts, Samuel Chandler, 1768-1853

          Date:  1842-07-24

          Resource type:   text

          Resource type:   letter

          Letter to daughter and son-in-law. Topics include Senate debate on the new Tariff Bill with a bare majority in favor; Crafts in favor of Tariff Bill as passed by the House; frauds practiced by manufacturers and importers; expected veto of Tariff Bill by President Tyler because of the continuation of the distribution of the proceeds of the public lands among the states; current state of the Treasury; Daniel Webster and Lord Ashburton's negotiation over the boundary between the United States and Canada, in particular the northeastern boundary.

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            Title:   Letter to Nathan and Mary Hill, July 31, 1842

            Creator:  Crafts, Samuel Chandler, 1768-1853

            Date:  1842-07-31

            Resource type:   text

            Resource type:   letter

            Letter to daughter and son-in-law. Topics include attendance at a church meeting in the Representatives Hall in the Capitol with a eulogy for Rev. Cookman, a former chaplain of Congress who was lost on the steamship President; Senate debate on the Tariff Bill and the unlikelihood that it will be altered much from the version passed in the House; expected veto of the Tariff Bill by President Tyler; Locofoco (Democrat) opposition to the Tariff Bill; treaty between United States and Great Britain.

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