page top

John Wolcott Phelps Correspondence

Bookbag (0)
collection image

Collection Overview

John Wolcott Phelps was born in Guilford, Vermont and graduated from the United States Military Academy in 1836. On May 2, 1861, Phelps was appointed Colonel of the 1st Vermont Infantry and was mustered into U.S. service on May 8. He was promoted to brigadier general on May 27, 1861. General Phelps was stationed at Camp Parapet in Carrollton, seven miles from New Orleans. Many fugitive slaves arrived at the camp seeking refuge. Phelps sought to create three regiments of black soldiers, but his commanding officer, General Butler, ordered that they be made laborers. Unwilling to employ the Africans as mere laborers, General Phelps offered his resignation on August 21, 1862. General Butler refused to accept it. Later that August, General Phelps returned his commission to President Abraham Lincoln. Phelps went on to become the candidate for the American Party/Anti-Masonic Party for president in 1880.

More...

Time Period Covered: May 1, 1861 - April 18, 1863 

Parent Collections

Vermonters in the Civil War

Published:  March 04, 2011,  University of Vermont, Bailey/Howe Library, Center for Digital Initiatives

Rights:  Requests to reproduce this item should be sent to the UVM Libraries' Center for Digital Initiatives at cdi@uvm.edu. For more information, see http://cdi.uvm.edu/about/rights. More information.


Search Collection:
within

Browse Options

Creator(s)

More...

Recipient(s)

Place(s)

Format(s)

Genre(s)

Topic(s)

More...

Add to bookbag

Title:   W. C. Holbrook to John Wolcott Phelps

Creator:  Holbrook, W. C.

Date:  1863-04-18

Resource type:   correspondence

Topics include investigation of the 7th Vermont Regiment's role in the Battle of Baton Rouge, and the suggestion to bring charges against General Butler. The writer, Col. Holbrook, apologizes for not representing the regiment as well as he could have, were he more experienced in the Courts of Inquiry. Holbrook mentions "a good deal of marching and counter marching" in the Baton Rouge area.

Matches [0]:


    Add to bookbag

    Title:   W. C. Holbrook to John Wolcott Phelps

    Creator:  Holbrook, W. C.

    Date:  1861-11-25

    Resource type:   correspondence

    Topics include Lt. W. C. Holbrook of the 4th Vermont Regiment planning to meet Brig. Gen. John Wolcott Phelps at Old Point but must wait for orders from Gen. McClellan first.

    Matches [0]:


      Add to bookbag

      Title:   W. C. Holbrook to John Wolcott Phelps

      Creator:  Holbrook, W. C.

      Date:  1861-11-25

      Resource type:   correspondence

      Topics include Lt. Adjt. W. C. Holbrook of the 4th Vermont Regiment requesting from Captain Mundee an order to report to Brig. Gen. John Wolcott Phelps at Old Point, Virginia as Aid de Camp.

      Matches [0]:


        Add to bookbag

        Title:   W. C. Holbrook to John Wolcott Phelps

        Creator:  Holbrook, W. C.

        Date:  1861-11-29

        Resource type:   correspondence

        Topics include the Command General denying Lt. Adjt. W. C. Holbrook's request and W. C. Holbrook asking Brig. Gen. John Wolcott Phelps to order W. C. Holbrook to report to him.

        Matches [0]:


          Add to bookbag

          Title:   [C. W.] Seaton to John Wolcott Phelps

          Creator:  Seaton, C. W.

          Date:  1861-11-09

          Resource type:   correspondence

          Topics include the nomination of Governor Holbrook for the Lieut-Colonelcy of the 1st Regiment Berdan's Sharp Shooters and John Wolcott Phelps' opinion of nominating Captain Ripley of Rutland for the position instead.

          Matches [0]:


            Add to bookbag

            Title:   [Frederick Holbrook] to [F. F. Holbrook]

            Creator:  Holbrook, Frederick

            Date:  1862-10-7

            Resource type:   correspondence

            Topics include a summary of Frederick Holbrook's requests for General Phelps to go to Washington to discuss the 7th Vermont Regiment. Reference to Senator Foote is probably Solomon Foot, senator from Vermont (1851-1866).

            Matches [0]:


              Add to bookbag

              Title:   [Harry N.] Worthen to John Wolcott Phelps

              Creator:  Worthen, Harry N.

              Date:  1861-06-02

              Resource type:   correspondence

              Writes from Camp Butler, Newport News, Virginia. Topics include a report of the hospital and a list of names of the sick men and names of the steward and attendants. Mentions Fort Monroe, the unsanitary conditions of the hospital, how the sick men have been neglected by the steward and attendants.

              Matches [0]:


                Add to bookbag

                Title:   [Lamuay] to John Wolcott Phelps

                Creator:  [Lamuay]

                Date:  1861-05-25

                Resource type:   correspondence

                Topics include errors in Colonel Phelps' rolls and a special order allowing Colonel Phelps to decide where the 1st Regiment Vermont Volunteer Militia will camp.

                Matches [0]:


                  Add to bookbag

                  Title:   [Lawrence] D. Clark, [William] W. Pelton, [Hiram] E. Perkins, [Dudley K.] Andross, [Oscar S.] Tuttle, [William] H. Boynton, [Joseph] Bush, [David B.] Peck, [Eben S.] Hayward, and Wm. Y. W. Ripley to John Wolcott Phelps

                  Creator:  Clark, Lawrence D.; Pelton, William W.; Perkins, Hiram E.; Andross, Dudley K.; Tuttle, Oscar S.; Boynton, William H.; Bush, Joseph; Peck, David B.; Hayward, Eben S.; Ripley, Wm. Y. W.

                  Date:  1861-05-16

                  Resource type:   correspondence

                  Topics include the commanding officers of the 1st Regiment of the Vermont Volunteer Militia requesting the 1st Regiment be allowed to stay at the Willard Hotel.

                  Matches [0]:


                    Add to bookbag

                    Title:   [Le Grand B. Cannon] to John Wolcott Phelps

                    Creator:  Cannon, Le Grand B.

                    Date:  1862-10-15

                    Resource type:   correspondence

                    Topics include General Phelps returning to Vermont and addressing members of the Legislature. (Phelps resigned his commission Aug. 21, 1862 after Washington rejected his recruitment of African Americans to fight for the Union.) Cannon invites Phelps to visit him to talk about the war.

                    Matches [0]: