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Collection Summary
Administrative Information
Access
Terms Governing Use and Reproduction
Biographical Note
Scope and Content Note
Correspondents
Separated Materials
Container List
General Correspondence
Professional Files
Personal Files
Miscellaneous Subject Files
Papers of Harry T. Laffin and William H. Beardsley
Writings and Speeches of James Hartness
Photographs
Newspaper Clippings
Memorabilia
Printed Matter
Oversize

James Hartness Papers

Collection Summary

Repository
University of Vermont, Bailey/Howe Library, Special Collections
Creator
Hartness, James, 1861-1934
Title
James Hartness Papers
ID
mss.057
Date [inclusive]
1882-1935
Extent
25.0 Linear feet 24 cartons, 2 boxes, 1 print box
Location
Library Research Annex.
Language
Abstract
Collection includes corresspondence relating to personal and family matters, Aero Clubs of Vermont and America, American Engineering Council (1924-1933), American Society of Mechanical Engineers (1913-1933) , U.S. Naval Consulting Board (1917), Hartness's Gubernatorial Campaign and term (1920-1922), machine tool manufacture in France, Germany, Great Britain, and the U.S. (1910-1930), lathes and thread cutting tools, and screw thread standardization (1918); together with manuscript, typescript, and printed writings by Hartness; reports and printed material relating to his professional affiliations, including the U.S. Chamber of Commerce; and photos.

Preffered Citation

[Identification of item] James Hartness Papers, Special Collections, University of Vermont Library.

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Administrative Information

Publication Information

University of Vermont, Bailey/Howe Library, Special Collections 1981 April 

Access

Collection is open for research.

Terms Governing Use and Reproduction

Collection does not circulate.

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Biographical Note

James Hartness was born in Schenectady, New York, on September 3, 1861. At the age of two he moved with his parents and brothers to Cleveland, Ohio. His father, John William Hartness, found work in various machine shops there, finally joining Younglove, Massey and Co. in the capacity of foreman and then superintendent. James was educated in Cleveland public schools and, finishing his grammar school course, he went to work for his father's employer. He apprenticed under Jason Bidwell at the Union Steel Screw Works in Cleveland from 1877-80 and in 1882, at the age of twenty-one, took a job as foreman at the Thompson, Stacker Bolt Co. of Winstead, Connecticut.

On May 13, 1885, he married Lena Sanford Pond of Winstead and later that year went to work for the Union Hardware Co. at Torrington, Connecticut. In 1888-89, while Lena remained in Torrington with their first daughter, Anna Jackson, James Hartness worked successively for Pratt and Whitney of Hartford, Eaton, Cole and Burnham of Bridgeport and at an engine shop in Scottsdale, Pennsylvania. None of these plants suited his purposes, however, and in 1889 he applied for and was hired as shop superintendent at the Jones and Lamson Machine Co. of Springfield, Vermont.

Hartness had begun patenting his inventions in 1886; by 1888 he had five patents, four of them in his own name. In 1891 he patented the flat turret lathe, an improved model that allowed for longer cuts and for heavier and faster work, a radical improvement on the high turret lathes then in use.

The American Society of Mechanical Engineers, which Hartness joined in 1891, had, several years earler, begun to move away from the purely technical consideration of the profession and to consider the broader issues of engineering, principally efficient methods of manufacture and shop management. In 1897 Hartness contributed two papers, both dealing with thread-cutting, to the Society's annual meetings. He took an increasing part in committee work in the early years of this century and in 1909 was elected manager of the A.S.M.E., holding that office for three years. After two years as the Society's Vice President he was, in 1914, elected for a one year term and remained actively involved with the A.S.M.E. Executive COuncil for the next five years. During his active years in the Society Hartness wrote several influential books on industrial management, including The Human Factor in Works Management and The Human Element: The Key to Economic Problems.

His public career began in 1914 when Governor Allen M. Fletcher appointed him to the Vermont State Board of Education, with which he remained associated until 1920. He, in the meantime, expanded his public service working as federal food administrator for the State of Vermont (1917), as chairman of the Vermont Industrial Survey conducted by the U.S. Naval Consulting Board / Organization for Industrial Preparedness through the Vermont Committee of Public Safety (1916-17), and as a member of the Interallied Aircraft Standardization Commission (1918) and of the National Screw Thread Commission (1918).

In the Republican gubernatorial primary campaign of 1920 Hartness faced Frank W. Agan, Frederick H. Babbitt, and Curtiss Emery, winning the party's nomination well ahead of his opponents. His campaign strategy was to present himself as an engineer and a successful business man who could bring new ideas and new methods to the state executive department. In his campaign speeches and literature he pointed continually to the need to develop Vermont industrially as well as agriculturally. Through the Hartness-For-Governor Clubs he was able to personally approach a wide sampling of Republican voters and he supported his personal campaign with a steady stream of campaign bulletins and newspaper detailing his plans for Vermont.

While governor he reorganized the highway department and brought increased attention to the need for efficiency in state government.

The Federated American Engineering Societies, which became the American Engineering Council - a body set up by the various American engineering associations for purposes of national and governmental policy consultation - elected Hartness President in 1924. His health was poor that year, however, which seriously limited his capacity in that office.

Ill health continued through the following years. He underwent three operations in 1925, never fully recovering from them, He nevertheless found time and enery to attend the annual A.S.M.E. meetings in 1926 (in Denver) and 1929 (Salt Lake City). And in the last three years of his life, he took out a group of ten patents, most of them relations to precision thread gauging.

He retired from the Jones and Lamson presidency in 1930 though he remained personally associated with the company. On March 18, 1933, Lena Pond Hartness died of cancer. James Hartness died on February 2 of the following year.

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Scope and Content Note

The James Hartness Papers consist of 24 linear feet of correspondence, writings of James Hartness, printed and mimeogrpahed material, newspaper clippings and photographs. They span the years 1882-1935, falling mainly within the period 1904-33.

The collection reflects Hartness' business, professional and avocational interests, its emphasis being on his professional and public affiliations both in Vermont and nationally.

There are ten series in the collection. Series I, General Correspondence, is contained in twelve cartons; it is the largest series in the papers. Hartness' correspondents range from fellow Vermonters to persons nationally and internationally active in engineering, astronomy, invention, industrial management and politics. His Vermont correspondence addresses both personal and public matters. There is a smattering of correspondence regarding machine tool manufacture in Vermont and elsewhere and also a number of letters between Hartness and members of his immediate and extended families including his brothers, John A. and Robert B. A list of notable correspondents and lists of correspondents arranged by subject follow this description. Series I is arranged alphabetically by individual correspondent, institution, organization or company.

The professional engineering files form the bulk of Series II: these are fairly extensive reports of A.S.M.E. and A.E.C. projects plus letters to and from members of the Society and Council. The ten Naval Consulting Board files concern the industrial survey of Vermont undertaken by the Vermont Committee of Public Safety in 1916-1917. The governor's papers included here are incomplete; a more complete set is available on microfilm at the Vermont Public Records Division in Montpelier.

Series III, Personal Files, consists mainly of correspondence regarding appointments - largely speech making engagements, applications and recommendations plus Hartness' investment and tax files. This material is arranged by subject and is contained in half of a carton.

Series IV, Miscellaneous Subject Files, is a fairly incomplete assortment of correspondence and some printed matter not central to Hartness' primary interests. It is contained in one-third of a carton; see the inventory for subject listing.

Series V consists of the papers of James Hartness' secretary, Harry T. Laffin, and of his son-in-law, Dr. William H. Beardsley. The Laffin material - correspondence, reports and printed matter - deals primarily with the Boy Scout movement in Vermont and with the Springfield, VT Chamber of Commerce. Beardsley's papers present a greater scope of interest: general correspondence, Vermont State Chamber of Commerce, the Green Mountain Parkway Plan, the National Recovery Administration, speeches and reports, newspaper clippings. Both the Laffin and the Beardsley sections are arranged by subject; see inventory for subject listing.

Series VI, Writings and Speeches of James Hartness, is contained in one carton and is arranged by title. The writings are the rough and the finished copies, manuscript and typescript, of his books, articles, and speeches. They deal with engineering, industrial management, aviation and politics. The unpublished "Star Gazing in Comfort" is included in this series as are miscellaneous notes and fragments and a single folder of writings of others including Russell Porter on astronomy and Henry L. Gantt on efficiency.

Series VII, Photographs, consists mainly of Hartness/Beardsley/Flanders family snapshots. There are a few late nineteenth century photos of Lena P. Hartness' grandmother's farmhouse and land, plus three folders of unidentified photographs, one folder of negatives and one folder of postcards. This series is contained in a letter-sized archive box.

The newspaper clippings of Series VIII are generally organized by subject, dealing for the most part with Hartness' primary campaign, his terms as governor of Vermont and as president of the American Engineering Council. The four scrapbooks in this series deal with astronomy, with his term in state office, with his 1915 speech on "The New Vermont" and with items of general interest.

Series IX consists of one folder of memorabilia: an assortment of calling cards, membership cards, tickets, etc.

The final series, Printed Matter, contains copies of Hartness' published writings, all of them duplicated in the Wilbur Collection plus miscellaneous magazines, pamphlets and newsletters on various subjects, again reflecting Hartness' professional and avocational interests. Some of the material from Series X has been removed to the Wilbur Collection and to general library circulation. See the list of separated iems following this description.

The printed matter is contained in one carton and one letter-sized archive box.

A 2.5' x 3.5' folder contains oversized material removed from the main body of the collection. This is composed of machine blueprints and mechanical drawings and State of Vermont Fiscal Charts.

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Related Materials

Separated Materials

Astronomy Material Removed From Hartness Papers

1. Donald Menzel, A Study of the Chromosphere

2. Nicholas Bobronikoff, Halley's Comet in its Apparition of 1909-1911 (Publications of the Lick Observatory, Vol. XVII, 1931)

3. Contents of Annals of Harvard College Observatory, 1911

4. Distribution of Stellar Spectra (Annals of Harvard College Observatory, Vol. LVI, No. 1)

5. Stars Having Spectra of Class B (Annals of Harvard College Observatory, Vol. LVI, No.2)

6. Annie J. Cannon, Classification of 1477 Stars by Means of their Photographic Spectra (Annals of Harvard College Observatory, Vol. LVI, No. IV)

7. William H. Pickering, A Search for a Planet Beyond Neptune (Annals of the Astronomical Obervatory of Harvard College, Vol. LXI, Part II)

8. Joseph Haines Moore, A General Catalogue of the Radical Velocities of the Stars, Nebulae and Clusters (Publications of the Lick Observatory, Vol XVIII, 1932)

9. Monthly Notcices of the Royal Astronomical Society (Vol. 94, No. 1, 1933, Nov)

Vermont printed matter removed from the Hartness Papers

10. Thirteenth Biennial Report of the Free Public Library Commision of the State of Vermont (July 1, 1918 to June 30, 1920)

11. Vermont State Teachers' Association Seventy-Fourth Annual Convention (October 17, 19, 20, 1923)

12. Vermont State Merchants Association Campaign for the Study of the Road Problem, Road Data (n.d.)

13. Vermont State Merchants Association Special Good Roads Bulletin (Nos. 4-6)

14. Vermont State Horticultural Society Program and Premium List of the Annual Fruit Show, Rutland, Vermont (Nov 17-19, 1920)

15. Rutland Fair Bulletin (1921)

16. Industrial Survey Committee Confidential Preliminary Report to the Vermont Committe of Public Safety (1917)

17. Vt. State Chamber of Commerce Springfield, Vt.--Accomplishments During Five Years under Manager Plan of Government (n.d.)

18. Vermont's Opportunity by Col. William J. Wilgus (1933 Aug 8)

19. Springfield, Vermont - The Cradle of Progress and Invention

20. Vermont Women Teachers' Club Year Book (1919-20)

21. Modern Woodmen of America, Alpha Camp Directory (1920)

22. Westfield Vt., Annual Reports of the Town Officers for the year ending February 2, 1920

23. U.S. Department of Commerce - Bureau of the Census. Fourteenth Census of the United States. Manufacturers: 1919, GPO: 1920

24. Vermont Federation of Women's Clubs. Yearbook (1919-20)

25. Green Mt. Boys. The Road Builder - Charles W. Gates for Governor (1915?)

26. State of Vermont, Commisioner of Finance. Fifth Biennial State Budget (1934-35)

27. James Hartness. Inaugural Message of James Hartness...(1921 Jan 7)

29 The Human Element, The Key to Economic Problems. A.S.M.E. (1914)

30. Human Element in the Machine Shop. (Johns Hopkins Press, 1919)

31. Kiplinger Washington Letter:

1930 August 23

1930 September 6, 13, 27

1930 October 4, 11, 18, 25

1930 November 1, 8, 15, 29

1930 December 6, 13, 20, 27

Kiplinger Tax Letter

1930 September 20

1932 April 2

1932 May 38

1932 June 25

1932 July 9, 23

1932 August 6

1932 September 3, 17

1932 October 1, 17, 29

1932 November 12, 26

1932 December 10, 24

1933 January 9, 21

1933 February 6, 18

1933 March 4, 17

1933 April 1, 15, 29

1933 May 13, 29

1933 September 2, 30

1933 October 14, 28

1933 November 11

Kiplinger Tariff Letter

1930 November 12

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)

  • United States. Naval Consulting Board.
  • American Engineering Council.
  • American Society of Mechanical Engineers.
  • Jones and Lamson Machine Company.
  • Aero Club of Vermont.

Genre(s)

  • Photographs
  • Manuscripts (document genre)
  • Reports

Geographic Name(s)

  • Vermont--Politics and government

Subject(s)

  • Machine tool industry--France
  • Machine tool industry--Great Britain
  • Machine tool industry--Germany
  • Elections--1920--Vermont
  • Machine tool industry--United States

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Correspondents

The lists of correspondents which follow refer to letters contained in the General Correspondence series.

Notable Correspondents

Charles Witing Baker, 1865-1941

A.W. Bickerton, 1842-1929

Calvin Coolidge, 1872-1933

Channing Cox, 1879-1968

Porter Dale, 1867-1933

Josephus Daniels, 1862-1948

Wiliam Dillingham, 1843-1923

Irving Fisher, 1867-1947

Ralph E. Flanders, 1880-1970

Henry Ford, 1863-1947

Henry L. Gantt, 1861-1919

Frank B. Gilbreth, 1868-1924

Strickland Gillilan, -1954

Kate Gleason, 1865-1933

Warren G. Harding 1865-1923

Herbert Hoover, 1874-1964

Henry M. Leland, 1843-1932

Hudson Day Maxim, 1853-1927

John J. Pershing, 1860-1948

Newell Sanders, 1850-1939

Emery J. San Souci, 1857-1936

John Spargo, 1876-1966

William Howard Taft, 1857-1930

Frederick W. Taylor, 1859-1915

Webb Waldron, 1882-1945

Booker T. Washington, 1859-1915

John W. Weeks, 1860-1926

George Westinghouse, 1846-1914

Orville Wright, 1871-1948

Astronomy

C.E. Adams

Robert G. Aitken, Lick Observatory

American Astronomical Society

Astronomical Society of the Pacific

Leon Barritt, Monthly Evening Sky Map

Louis Bell

A.W. Bickerton

William B. Cabot

W.W. Campbell, Lick Observatory

C.H. Foggett

Irving H. Friend

Willard P. Gerrish, Harvard College

George E. Hale

Mt. Washington Observatory

E.C. Pickering

New Zealand Astronomical Society

Popular Astronomy

Russell W. Porter

Royal Astronomical Society

Harlow Shapley, Harvard Observatory

David Todd

Aviation

Porter Adams

Aerial Age Weekly

Aerial League of America

Aeronautical Plane and Motor Co.

Aeronautical Society of Great Britain

Aircraft Board

American Aerial Corporation

Ameican Institute of Aeronautical Engineering

American Society of Aeronautical Engineers

W.N. Best

Early Birds

William F. Durand, Stanford University

F.G. Ericson

Fred H. Harris

Howard Huntington

Manufacturers Aircraft Association Inc.

Manufacturers Record

Louis Marburg, A.S.M.E.

National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics

National Aeronautic Association

Pioneer Instruments Co.

Royal Aeronautical Society

Capt. Henry E. Stickney

B.F. Sturtevant Co.

James P. Taylor

Henry Woodhouse

Orville Wright

The Wright Co.

Engineering--General

Comfort A. Adams, Harvard School of Engineering

Adams Engineering, New Zealand

Aeronautical Society of Great Briatain

Affiliated Tchnical Societies of Atlanta

L.P. Alford, Industrial Management

John D. Allen Co.

Charles H. Alvord

American Engineering Standards Commission

American Institute of Aeronautical Engineering

American Institute of Electrical Engineers

American Institute of Weights and Measures

American Machinist

American Society of Aeronautic Engineers

Charles Whiting Baker

Florus R. Baxter

Emile Joseph Bayle

Charles S. Beach

G.P. Blackeston, Staff

Boston Society of Civil Engineers

John A. Brashear

L.P. Breckenridge

George M. Brill

L.D. Burlingame

Joseph J. Butcher

John Calder

Carboloy Co. Inc.

Henry Coe

Fred H. Colvin

M.E. Cooley, University of Michigan

A.G. Christie, Johns Hopkins University

Heber D. Curtis

Charles Ethan Davis

F.G. Diffin

Frank C. Doble

E.H. Ehrman

Engineering Foundation

Engineers' Club

Engineers' National Hoover Committee

Sir Henry Fowler

Franklin Institute

John R. Freeman

Charles de Freminville

Lester G. French

H.C. Gammeter

H.L. Gantt

Frank B. Gilbreth

Kate Gleason

Hollis Godfrey

W.F.M. Goss, University of Illinois

Charles R. Gow

Arthur M. Green, Jr., Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute

George W. Guy

Chester B. Hamilton, Jr.

George D. Hartley

Alex C. Humphreys

William F. Hunt

G. Huttner

Institiution of Mechanical Engineers

International Association of Machinists

D.C. and Wm. B. Jackson

Dexter B. Kimball, Cornell University

Hans Konig

Henry Leland

Alex Luchars

Machinery

The Machinery Club

Charles H. Manning

Conrad Matschoss

William H. Maw

Col. E.D. Meier

Frederic Meron

Fred J. Miller

Wilbur G. Miller, Technical Club of Syracuse

Miller, Franklin & Co.

Irving E. Moultrop

Alfred Muller

Museum of the Peaceful Arts

National Machine Tool Builders Association

National Museum of Engineering and Industry

James W. Nelson

Robert E. Newcomb

New Haven Machine Tool Exhibit

Alfred Parr

Popular Mechanics

Pratt & Whitney Co.

Walter Rautenstrauch

S.H. Reck

Edward Robinson, University of Vermont

Joseoh W. Roe

W.K. Sanderson

Georg Schlesinger

Frank Scott

Albert W. Smith, Cornell University

Jesse M. Smith

Perry G. Smith

Society for the Promotion of Engineering Education

Society of American Military Engineers

Society of Automontive Engineers

Stevens Engineering Society

Stevens Intitute of Technology

J.S. & J.F. String, Inc.

Ambrose Swasey

John E. Sweet

William T. Taylor

Technology Club of Syracuse

Max Toltz

United Engineering Society

Vereines deutscher Ingenieure

Vermont Society of Engineers

J.W. Votey

Frank O. Wells

George Westinghouse

J.G. White Engineering Corp.

F.C. Wright

O.B. Zimmerman

Hartness Family

Margaret H. Clark

Maud B. Clarke

William H. and Anna H. Beardsley

Ralph E. and Helen H. Flanders

Mrs. A.J. Galloway

James F. Hartness

John A. Harness

J. Van Ness Hartness

Lula Hartness

Rebekah Hartness

Robert B. Hartness

Jennie Hartness Murphy

Mrs. E.B. Osborne

Pond family

Mary Prosser

Mrs. Horace Thomas

Insurance

Dr. Frank E. Allard

Stephen E. Barton

Connecticut Mutual Life Insurance Co.

Equitable Life Assurance Society of the United States

Lawrence and Wheeler, Inc.

C.S. Leonard

A.C. Mason

National Life Insurance

New England Mutual Life

Paul and Dixon

Penn Mutual

Starkweather and Shepley

Union Central Life Insurance Co.

Jones & Lamson Machine Co.

F. Auberty

W.W. Brown

Bryant Chucking Grinder Co.

Fellows Gear Shaper Co.

W.V. Gould

George O. Gridley

John A. Hartness

G. Huttner

M. Koyemann

Lovejoy Tool Co.

F. Mandon

Oscar Marshall

M.M. Russell

J.G. Spear

E.E. Wood

W.D. Woolson

Machine Tool Manufacturing

Abenaque Machine Works

Adler & Eisenschitz

Charles Alvord, Hendey Machine Co.

S.H. Bullard

A.C. Bunnell

Carboloy Inc.

Cincinnati Bickford Tool Co.

Cincinnati Milling Machine Co.

Cleveland Twist Drill Co.

Columbia Steel and Shifting Co.

W.S. Davenport

G.E. Davis

DeLaval Co.

A.L. DeLeeuw

Draper Machine Tool Co.

Arthur L. Garford

Greenfield Tap & Die Co.

B.W. Hanson

Hendey Machine Co.

E. Horton & Son Co.

John A. McGregor, Union Twist Drill Co.

George E. Merryweather

National Acme Co.

National Machine Tool Builders Association

New Haven Machine Tool Exhibition

Gorham C. Parker

Pratt & Whitney Co.

Hans Renold

W.F. Russell, Harrisburg Foundry & Machine Works

Cullen B. Snell

Thomas Towne, Union Drawn Steel Co.

Union Mfg. Co.

Alton V. Wiggins, A.V. Wiggins & CO.

F.W. Witte

Frank A. Woods

Prohibition

Olin Merrill

George Morrow

Vt. Anti -Saloon League

Misc. Subject Files--Prohibition

Scientific Management--Efficiency

L.P. Alford

American Museum of Safety

American Society for Promoting Efficiency

G.P. Blackiston and Staff

The Business Bourse

John Calder

Committee of Ten

Dartmouth, Amos Tuck School

Efficiency Society

Emerson Institute

F.W. Feiker

H.L. Gantt

Frank B. Gilbreth

Robert F. Hoxie University of Chicago

Industrial Management

C.E. Knoeppel & Co.

McGraw-Hill

Miller, Franklin & Co.

Peter O'Shea

H.F. Payne

H.J. Porter

President's Commission on Economy and Efficiency

Walter Rautenstrauch

Society to Promote the Science of Management

Frederick W. Taylor

Taylor Society

Springfield, Vermont

Springfield Board of Trade

Springfield Book Club

Springfield Cemetery Commissioners

Springfield Chamber of Commerce

Springfield Community Club

Springfield Community House

Springfield Cooperative Savings and Loan

Springfield Association

Springfield Electric Railway Co.

Springfield Fair Association

Springfield Hospital

Springfield Ice Co.

Springfield Mechanical Society

Springfield Rod and Gun Club

Springfield Savings Bank

Springfield, Vermont, town of

Vermont--General

C.A. Adams, State Normal School

The Advance

American Federation of Labor, Vermont Branch

American Legion, Dept. of Vermont

Associated Industries of Vermont

W.L. Archer

Auto Club of Vermont

Fred Babbitt

Guy W. Bailey

H.A. Bailey

John Barrett

Margaret P. Batchelder

Wallace Batchelder

Bennington College

Guy Potter Benton

W.T. Best

Walter J. Bigelow

Franklin S. Billings

Frank H. Brooks

W.N. Bryant

Burlington Chamber of Commerce

Burlington Free Press

Burlington Merchants Association

G.H. Burrows

Merritt D. Chittenden

Byron N. Clark, Y.M.C.A.

Percival W . Clement

Walter H. Crockett

Charles R. Cummings, The Vermonter

John T. Cushing, St. Albans Messenger

Porter Dale

Walter Rice Davenport, D.D.

Fred C. Davis

Ralph Denio, Bristol Railroad CO.

William Dillingham

Carroll W . Doten, V t. Association of Boston

Eastern States Exposition

Charles T. Fairfield , Rutland News Co.

Clarke C. Fitts

Frederick G. Fleetwood

Allen M. Fletcher

Abram W . Foote

Charles S. Forbes

Forestry Association of Vermont

Benjamin Gates

Charles W. Gates

Ernest W. Gibson

Bessie Bacon Goodrich

Horace F. Graham

Greater Vermont Association

Frank L. Greene

Arthur W . Hewitt

Milo B. Hillegas

Arthur Platt Howard

Frank E. Howe

Archibald C. Hurd

Wade Keyes

Merle MacAlister

Oscar S. Marshall

John A. Mead

Middlebury College

Frank C. Partridge

Carroll S. Page

Frank Plumley

Max Powell, Burlington Merchants Association

Redfield Proctor

Randolph Board of Trade

Randolph Merchants Association

Republican Party

Edward Robinson, University of Vermont

Rutland Herald

Rutland News

St. Albans Chamber of Commerce

St. Michael's College

Henry B. Shaw

John Spargo

C.H. Spooner, Norwich University

Mason S. Stone

James P. Taylor

Gen. Lee S. Tillotson

John W , Titcomb

University of Vermont

Vermont Academy

Vermont Anti-Saloon League

Vernont Association for the Prevention of TB

Vermont Association of Boston

Vermont Association of Waltham

Vermont Children's Aid Society, Inc.

Vermont Committee of Public Safety

Vermont Conference of Social Work

Vermont Conference on Charities and Correction

Vermont Equal Suffrage Association

Vermont Farm Bureau Federation

Vermont Good Roads Association

Vermont Historical Society

Hotel Vermont

Vermont Hydro-Electric Corp.

Vermont League of Women Voters

Vermont Marble Co.

Vermont Milling Products Co.

Vermont Secretary of State

Vermont Society of Engineers

Vermont State Chamber of Commerce

Vermont State Executive Dept.

Vermont State Fair

Vermont State Game Refuge

Vermont State Horticultural Society

Vermont State Legislature

Vermont State Library

Vermont State Motor Vehicle Dept.

Vermont State Suffrage Association

Vermont State Teachers' Association

Vermont State Treasurer

Vermont Tuberculosis Association

J.W. Votey

John E. Weeks

White River Junction Board of Trade

Julius Wilcox

Young Men's Christian Association

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