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Collection Summary
Administrative Information
Publication Rights
Historical Note
Scope and Content Note
Container List
Project Administration
Artist File
Casette Recordings
Card Index

Vermont Landscape Images Papers

Collection Summary

University of Vermont, Bailey/Howe Library, Special Collections
Lipke, William C.
Creator -
Grime, Philip N.
Vermont Landscape Images Papers
Date [inclusive]
5.0 Linear feet 3 cartons, 5 boxes
Special Collections, Bailey/Howe Library

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item] Vermont Landscape Images Papers, Special Collections, University of Vermont Library.

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Administrative Information

Publication Information

University of Vermont, Bailey/Howe Library, Special Collections 1979 August 


Collection is open for research.

Publication Rights

All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the Curator of Manuscripts.

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Historical Note

In the early 1970's, William C. Lipke, art history professor at the Universtiy of Vermont started the background work for a bicentennial project on the first 200 years' history of the documentation and interpretation of the Vermont landscape. He was assisred by Phillip N. Grime, a graduate student in the UVM Cultural History program. The major funding for the project came from the National Endowment for the Humanities at different stages of the work - planning and research and the actual exhibitions and publications. The Vermont Bicentennial Commission, Vermont Council on the Humanities and Public Issues, the UVM Environmental Program and the UVM Faculty Research Fundsd providied additional contributions.

Lipke and Grime tried to locate all the two dimensional images of the Vermont landscape. In 1975 and 1976 they interviewed many living Vermont artists with respect to their attitudes toward the landscape in Vermont. In November 1975 the Vermont Council on the Humanities and Public Issues and the UVM Environmetal Program co-sponsored a workshop and panel discussions on interpretation of the landscape which brought together interdisciplinary resource people from around the state.

From July through October 1976 simultaneous loan exhibitions in five institutions around Vermont displayed the diversity of visual interpretation of the Vermont landscape through the years. The Fleming Museum at UVM hosted the comprehensive overview of the Vermont Landscape Images 1776-1976, and the others in the Johnson Gallery (Middlebury College), Fairbanks Museum (St. Johnsbury), Southern Vermont Arts Center (manchester), and the Vermont Historical Society (Montpelier) were more specialized. Panel discussions, lectures, and films were held at the host institutions concurrently with the exhibitions.

The Project coordinators published "Vermont Landscape Images, 1776-1976" in 1976. In addition to three interpretive essays, it includes many illustrations of the landscape, but it is not a comprehensice catalogue of the exhibits. The companion volume, "Vermont Landscape Interpretations, 1776-1976", brings together much of the materials from the taped symposia, artists' interviews, related lectures and the checklist of the five exhibits.

The final goal of the project was to establish a permanent archives "pertaining to images of the Vermont landscape which would be made available to the public." This collection is the realization of the goal.

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Scope and Content Note

The Vermont Landscape Images, 1776-1976 Archives consists of three cartons and five boxes of materials gathered by the project coordinators, William C. Lipke and Philip Grime form 1973-1977. It includes correspondence, grant proposals, working notes from the exhibition, research materials, photographic reproductions and negatives, cassette tape recording and transcripts of interviews, and published materials.

Carton 1 contains the administrative papers, correspondence, notes on the exhibitions and the publication materials. The corrdinators contacted museum staff people, private collectors and scholars all over the country to find images of the Vermont landscape and related information, and this general correspondence is arranged chronologically. The carton also includes notes for each of the five exhibits, reviews, clippings, and publications resulting from the project.

Carton 2 houses the files on Vermont artists which the coordinators compiled, including correspondence, questionaires, brochures, biographical data, and some transcripts from the interviews, as well as the cassette tape recordings of these interviews.

Boxes 3,4,5,6,7 contain the files of photographs of the prints, paintings, maps, postcards, book illustrations, etc., of the Vermont landscape. They are filed alphabetically by place.

Carton 8 holds the negatives to the photographs, as well as the card index to the Vermont Landscape images. The index was started as an authority file for every two dimensional image of the landscape found, and was intended to list all the known information from each image accompanied by a contact print for identification. This file was not completed, nor was the related subject file of the landscape images. The former has been arranged alphabetically by artist.

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)

  • Southern Vermont Arts Center. -- Geographic subdivision--Vermont;
  • Johnson Gallery. -- Geographic subdivision--Vermont;
  • Vermont Historical Society.
  • Robert Hull Fleming Museum. -- Geographic subdivision--Vermont;


  • Magnetic tapes
  • Correspondence
  • Reviews (document genre)
  • Photographs
  • Interviews
  • Notes
  • Clippings


  • Vermont in art
  • Art and state--Vermont
  • Vermont--Description and travel
  • Landscape painting--Vermont
  • Vermont--Pictorial views

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